Salsola imbricata is a small species of shrub in the family Amaranthaceae. It grows in deserts and arid regions of north Africa, the Arabian Peninsula and southwestern Asia.

S. imbricata is a small, spreading shrub or sub-shrub growing up to 1.2 m (4 ft) tall. The grey or reddish stems are up to 2 cm (0.8 in) thick and these and the lower leaves are densely hairy. In the upper parts of the plant the stems are creamy or pale grey and branch frequently, some branches growing vertically while others spread horizontally. Regularly-arranged, catkin-like branchlets project from the branches. The leaves are tiny, succulent and linear or narrowly triangular. The inflorescence is spike-like with bracts similar to the leaves, small flowers with 5 petals, 5 stamens and 2 styles. The fruiting perianth has silky wings.[7]
This plant has a widespread distribution across the desert belt of Saharan Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, southern Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan and northwestern India. It typically grows in disturbed areas such as runnels, washes, dry wadis, eroded slopes and coastal cliffs. It grows on various soil types and is a ruderal species, colonising fallow land and over-grazed pastures.[7]

S. imbricata is a halophytic plant; under conditions of salt stress, the plant increases its water content (becomes more succulent) and decreases the surface area of its leaves.[8] Tests on the germination rates of seeds show that Salsola imbricata sprouts more quickly and consistently at 20°C than at higher temperatures, and shows higher germination rates at lower salinity levels than high ones. However, seeds treated at high salinity levels recovered their germination potential after immerssion in unsalted water.[9]

The species has traditionally been used as a vermifuge and for treating certain skin disorders.[8] Five triterpene glycosides have been isolated from the roots of Salsola imbricata, two of them being new glycoside derivatives not previously known.[10]

(From Wikipedia on 18.1.16)


Large Herb for Id from Panipat 120610-1: a large Herb for Id from Khukhrana Panipat; it is present everywhere along roadside in many areas of Northern Haryana. Flowers could not find;

May be same summer form of Chenopodium album.

Can be Chenopodium album. but I have never seen such a large shrub of this plant !!

may it be a sp of Salsola from Chenopodiaceae

This mystery finally solved yes it is Salsola baryosma (=Chenopodium baryosma, Salsola foetida); During my excursion to Refinery and Thermal area in Panipat i could get its flowers. Attaching here. Please validate

You may please check the fruiting perianth. It should be be enlarged and distinctly winged in Salsola

Attaching more cropped photos

Is it Salsola tragus?

For me Salsola is rules out. Never heard of any species with woolly growth around perianth.
To me it looks like Bassia sp., most probably Bassia dasyphylla.

Again the fruiting perianth will solve the mystery.

This herb was not having any wooly outgrowth as seen in old pics, now it
has. I am attaching some photos for clarification in the matter

Yes Bassia dasyphylla is my call

this plant has not been reported anywhere from haryana till now. salsola baryosma is however reported

This plant of yours is turning interesting. I chanced upon some photographs of Bassia dasyphylla. The plant is covered with long spreading hairs. As such it ca’t be your plant which has almost glabrous stems. The search is
on. Leyt us explore further for Chenopodium or Salsola.

Again this years pics of the same type of plant

pls see following links

Please see if you can upload any with fruiting perianth which is often crucial for identification.

Feedback from another thread:

I think this is Kochia (Bassia) species, may be similar to –


ID requested : 13 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)- 800 kb or more.

Perennial. Ht. up 1.5 m. Photo taken at Faridkot, Punjab on 6/6/2018. No flowers seen. 

Check for Boerrhaevia sps…

I do not think it is Boerhavia species.

Boerrhaevia sps. In fact I sent the reply sometime back ( abridged summary) 

Please check Chenopodium sp

Pl. check at–-l/a/amaranthaceae/salsola/salsola-baryosma

Your views pl.?




The Plant List Ver.1.1   IPNI  Flora of Pakistan  FOP illustration JSTOR (Specimen)  Wikipedia

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