Aeschynomene indica L. (Syn: Aeschynomene cachemiriana Cambess.Aeschynomene diffusa Willd.; Aeschynomene evenia “Sensu Rudd, p.p.” (Misapplied); Aeschynomene glaberrima Poir.; Aeschynomene indica var. punctata Pers.; Aeschynomene indica var. viscosa Miq.; Aeschynomene kashmiriana Cambess.; Aeschynomene macropoda DC.; Aeschynomene montana Span.; Aeschynomene oligantha Baker; Aeschynomene pumila L.; Aeschynomene punctata Steud.; Aeschynomene quadrata Schum. & Thonn.; Aeschynomene quadrata Schumach. & Thonn.; Aeschynomene richardiana Baill. (misapplied); Aeschynomene roxburghii Spreng.; Aeschynomene subviscosa DC.; Aeschynomene virginica “sensu auct., p.p.”; Aeschynomene viscidula Willd.; Hedysarum neli-tali Roxb.; Smithia aspera Roxb.;                                            (=) Aeschynomene hispida auct.);
.
es-kee-no-MEE-nee
— from Greek aeschyn (causing shame); refers to leaves closing up
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India
.
commonly known as: budda pea (in Australia), hard shola pith, Indian jointvetch, kat sola, trailing sesbania • Assamese: কুঁহিলা kuhila • Bengali: কাঠ শোলা kath shola • Hindi: सोला sola • Kannada: ಬೆಮ್ಡುಕಸ bemdukasa • Konkani: nalabi • Malayalam: neli-tali • Manipuri: chinggonglei • Marathi: kinomin, nalabi • Nepali: सोला sola • Oriya: surlo • Tamil: கோத்திரம் kottiram, நெட்டிவகை netti-vakkai, தக்கை takkai • Telugu: జీలుగబెండు jiluga bendu, తీగజీలుగ tiga jiluga
.
Distribution: naturalized in paleotropics & West Indies, exact native range obscure
.
A.aspera is a perennual shrub growing up to 3 m in height, white pith which is known as sola and used for making hats, floats and floral decorations. It has hispid calyx and fruit echinulate
A. indica is an annual herb, usually under 1 m, without soft white pith, calyx glabrous and white non-echinulate.
.

In A.indica the pods are indented on lower margin only.
In A. aspera, the pod margin is indented at both margins; also with more leaflet pairs [30-35] when compared with A. indica.

.

Erect, annual herbs upto 1 m tall; branchlets glabrous to hispid. Leaves 4-10 cm long; leaflets 15-30 pairs, subsessile, 2.5-7 x 1-2 mm, linear-oblong or elliptic-oblong, base oblique, apex obtuse, apiculate; stipules 5-10 mm long, lanceolate, acuminate, peltate. Flowers 7-10 mm long in 1-4-flowered axillary racemes; pedicel to 5 mm long; bracts c. 5 mm long, ovate, acuminate, bracteoles 2-3 mm long, c. 1 mm wide, ovate-lanceolate. Calyx 4-5 mm long, deeply 2-lipped, glabrous. Corolla exserted, pale yellow; standard orbicular, red-striped; wing obovate; keel to 7×3 mm, oblong. Staminal sheath to 4 mm long. Ovary to 6 mm long; ovules many; style c. 3 mm long. Pods 2.5-3.7 x 0.4-0.5 cm, linear, compressed, straight or curved with 4-8 joints, long stalked, sometimes muricate. Seeds 2.5-3.5 mm long, reniform, dark brown.

Flowering and fruiting: August-December
Moist deciduous forests and waterlogged areas in the plains
Pantropics, probably native in South East United States

es-kee-no-MEE-nee — from Greek aeschyn (causing shame); refers to leaves closing up
IN-dih-kuh or in-DEE-kuh — of or from India
Sep 20, 2008 … Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: budda pea (in Australia), hard shola pith, Indian jointvetch, kat sola, trailing sesbania • Assamese: কুঁহিলা kuhila • Bengali: কাঠ শোলা kath shola • Hindi: सोला sola • Kannada: ಬೆಮ್ಡುಕಸ bemdukasa • Konkani: nalabi • Malayalam: neli-tali • Manipuri: chinggonglei • Marathi: kinomin, nalabi • Nepali: सोला sola • Oriya: surlo • Tamil: கோத்திரம் kottiram, நெட்டிவகை netti-vakkai, தக்கை takkai • Telugu: జీలుగబెండు jiluga bendu, తీగజీలుగ tiga jiluga
Distribution: naturalized in paleotropics & West Indies, exact native range obscure
some views: Sep 23, 2007 … Phirojshahnagar, Mumbai, Sep 20, 2008 … Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra

One of the genus where the leaflets are many.

The pods description which differentiates from Smithia (IN the Key) is
Joints of pods folded in calyx: Smithia.
Joints of pods not above: Aeschynomene
Very difficult to check in pictures.
The plant does show some characters like Imparipinnate leaves with many unequal based leaflets. Flowers pale yellow’ few in axillary racemes. Pods 6-10 jointed.


Have attached a cropped photo of the plant sighted on Sep 20, 2008 … Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra.

Perhaps you will be able to see the “joint of pods” and get to conclusion.


I am not doubting your ID at all.
Just checking and trying tomatch for the characters for my own study which may be useful to others. At the same time the thoughts remain on server to retrieve fast when similar plant is spotted.
Anyway thanks for the picture of the pod.
I will understand the difference correctly only when I would see the joints of pods folded in calyx in Smithia. Here it is clear that nothing is folded.


Aeschynomene indica from Samalkha Panipat

 

Name of the species: Aeschynomene indica
Family: Papilionaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, orissa
Habit: Erect herb
Habitat: Wild, along grass lands in wet places

Altitude: 150 m above msl


A real pleasure to see these photographs


Which camera do u use … ?


Seed pods (Important in Papilionaceae) as well as the flowers are very beautiful.


i have two cameras. One (The older one) is Nikon Cool pix and the recent one is Sony Cyber-Shot DSC-HX100V. I think i need more expertise in picking the very small and minute flowers in my lens which i yet learn.



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Herb for identification : 230912 RV 2:  Request for Id…..found on same area of Khopoli/Pali near mumbai on 18th September…..about 2 ft tall herb.


May be Aeschynomene indica


My strong guess too: Aeschynomene indica


I agree with … and …, this is Aeschynomene indica L.



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Fabaceae herb ID from Hooghly 22/9/12 SK2:

Found this herb on roadside. There was only one plant and might have been an escapee.
Species : UNKNOWN
Habit & Habitat : found on rural roadside, about 2.5 feet high
Date : 19/9/12, 4.05 p.m.

Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)


This could be Sesbania bisphinosa. Will send my photographs of this later.


But, images available in the net show bean like cylindrical pod for Sesbania bispinosa (image source – http://www.plant.csdb.cn/photo?creator=treefern).


Could this be an escapee of Aeschynomene aspera Linn.? Picture and description available at – Oswaldasia and

Another similar species Aeschynomene indica Linn (http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=200011865)


I think leaves of Chamaecrista mimosoides also look some what similar to this…


Yes, …, but FoC informs Chamaecrista mimosoides has puberulent branches whereas my plant seems to be glabrous. Moreover, the area is dotted with marshes and lowland where many SHOLA plant could be found.


… the leaf pattern reminds me of Aeschynomene … not sure of species.


Thank you …, i have Aeschynomene, but yet to decide which one, aspera or indica, and also waiting for the pods and closer pictures.

Two old videos –

Referring:
Aeschynomene indicaTropical forages
Aeschynomene asperaOswaldasia AND http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=5&taxon_id=220000272
Habitat far from water; stem not warty, seedpod indented only on one side – to me, your plant looks like A. indica versus A. aspera.


Thank you very much for the ID, links and elaborating on Aeschynomene.


Attaching flower images of this particular plant, recorded on 29/9/2012 @ 1.55 p.m.
Another similar looking, but a bit bigger, plant uploaded minutes ago – efi thread


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181212 BRS 418: Pl. find the attached file contain photos for id. request.
Location: Muthukadu, Vilupuram Dist.
Date: 18.12.12.
Habitat: Brackish water
Habit: herb


Aeschynomene indica


 


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Id of Flower ID11062013SH1 : Attachments (1).  3 posts by 2 authors.

Posting a photo for Id of flower
Date / Time – 18.09. 2011 / 11.50 am.
Location – Kakuli Lake, Badalapur (Near Kalyan), Maharashtra

Habitat – Wild


Aeschynomene sp. may be indica


Thanx … Yes it is indeed A.indica.



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Flora of Panipat District- Aeschynomene indica : Attachments (5).  8 posts by 5 authors.

Aeschynomene indica


in westerrn region of maharashtra the leaves are used in diet.
local name is Ran pokala


Yes … Usually common along rice fields.


Is there any species closer to this morphology? that is how different is A. aspera from this one?


…, another common Aeschynomene is A. americana … native of Central America and tropical South America … naturalized in our country.
…. at my photostream,
Flickr

Not familiar with A. aspera.


A. aspera is a perennual shrub growing up to 3 m in height, white pith which is known as sola and used for making hats, floats and floral decorations. It has hispid calyx and fruit echinulate

A. indica is an annual herb, usually under 1 m, without soft white pith, calyx glabrous and white non-echinulate.


Many thanks all for the valuable inputs.

I can confirm this posted Aeschynomene as A.indica; as the pods are indented on lower margin only.
In A. aspera, the pod margin is indented at both margins; also with more leaflet pairs [30-35] when compared with A. indica.
A. americana is cultivated and only reported from Coimbatore dist. of TN. [don’t know the purpose of cultivation]

 


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Plant ID from Bangladesh SM157 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Habit: Herb/Shrub

Habitat: Wild, along the lake

Location: Chittagong

Fruiting: July

Picture Taken: 19 July,2014


Aeschynomene indica



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ANSEPT74 Please identify this Fabaceae member. Sesbania sp.? :  9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (7). Tharalu village Bangalore
26th September 2014


Likely to be Aeschynomene


 

Thank you very much sir.

It seems to be Aeschynomene indica but not sure.


It is Aeschynomene indica


Yes.It is Aeschynomene indica. Normally seen during monsoon. One also finds Aeschynomene americana species during these days which is similar to indica but having pinkish shade.


Aeschynomene Indica L.



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Aeschynomene indica L.

at Vaghbil, Thane on September 20, 2008

at Vaghbil, Thane on October 27, 2007

at Pirojshanagar on September 23, 2007


…, as usual a set of very nice pictures complete with a visiting butterfly. love it



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This was shot from a wetland in Karnal district, Haryana…

I hope the id is correct…!!

Aeschynomene indica ..


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36-TSP-ID-20JAN2016-1: A Fabaceae sp for ID : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Kindly identify this plant belonging to Fabaceae. 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Wild, Waste land 

Sighting: Tumkur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 10-08-2015


its Aeschynomene sp.


Aeschynomene species in eFloraofindia (with details/ keys from published papers/ regional floras/ FRLHT/ FOI/ Biotik/ efloras/ books etc., where ever available on net)


Looks like Aeschynomene indica.


Aeschynomene indica


.


Aeschynomene indica : 6 posts by 4 authors. 9 images.

From Surat rural , Gujarat 

Afternoon, 03 09 2019
Plants about 2-3 feet in height. 
Biggest leaves have about 35 pairs of leaflets.

beautiful. salient photographs. is this planted for goats? or is it growing in an open field on its own?

No, wild growth. This plot is used to dry cardboard sheets, by Diwali this plot will be empty …….every vegetation will be used as cattle feed.


so not goats but for cattle. good to know


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Herb01, Agra, U.P : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)

Need id of small herb from Agra, U.P
Nov19

Aeschynomene sp.


Thanks, …, for the genus id.
Yes, appears close to Aeschynomene indica L. as per comparative images at Aeschynomene

 



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Wild Plant For ID : Bangalore : 03DEC16 : AK-8 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2)

Seen growing wild near a lake on 30th Oct.


This could be the American Joint Vetch [Aeschynomene americana] – a exotic weed.


Thanks for the suggested id of this plant.


I think you posted a similar plant recently from the same location. is it same or different ?


That was a couple of years ago. Probably Aeschynomeme aspera.

This was the suggested id. Not yet validated.


Found these pictures taken earlier, of the same plant, at the same location earlier. Attachments (2)


This is Aeschynomene indica L. as per images and details herein.


,


Aeschynomene indica : 3 images.
Salem Tamilnadu
Is it Aeschynomene indica
Kindly specify.

Yes, it’s …



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References:

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