E. Cape Prov. to KwaZulu-Natal as per WCSP;


For ID 120610 ET – efloraofindia | Google Groups : 9 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (2)

I took this plant / flower picture during Nature camp to the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve – Avalanche- Kunda Forest Reserve-
Date/Time-12.5.10     —-2.00 p.m
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- —— Avalanche- Kunda Forest Reserve
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- —Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- ————-
Height/Length- —————–1.5 meter

Looks like Agapanthus orientalis (Amaryllidaceae).

I had photographed A. africanus (A. umbellatus) from California. Could you kindly list differences between the two species. They look similar, except for lighter colour of flowers here.

The perianth segments of A. africanus are thick in texture and the flowers are open faced and range in colour from light to mainly deep blue. Rare sightings of white flowered plants have been recorded. Fires stimulate profuse flowering. After a recent fire in the Silver Mine Nature Reserve on the Cape Peninsula a single white flowered plant was noted amongst thousands of blue flowered ones. The plants flower mainly from December to February. The leaves are evergreen and strap like, about 15 mm wide with an average length of 350 mm. The flower stalk is usually under 700 mm tall. This subspecies is quite common and because of the fairly inaccessible terrain its survival is assured.
Agapanthus orientalis occurs in Eastern Cape and southern KwaZulu-Natal and is also generally 0.8 to 1 m tall and flowers in mid to late summer (December – February). It is distinguished from subsp. praecox by its shorter perianth segments (less than 50 mm), and it has more leaves (up to 20 per plant) which are not leathery and have an arching habit. It differs from subsp. minimus by having a denser inflorescence, the whole plant is larger and it forms thick clumps. Flowers are open-faced, pale to medium blue or pure white.

Thanx a lot … for asking such a nice question. It compelled me to go for a thorough mining of the literature. Unfortunately I
found less number of releavant literature. Sometimes they are very confusing too. Anyway, I am referring here the link (http://
Pacific Bulb society) that differentiate these two sps. on the basis of stamen size. From the
given fotograph of …, it appears that the size of stamen is almost similar or bigger than the tepals but not smaller as
mentioned for A. africanus on the website.
I would suggest this sps. to be as Agapanthus praecox ssp. orientalis (=A. orientalis) but still
an examination of the herbarium/high resolution photograph is required to make it sure.

…, Excellent photo. Is it fragrant?

I was shooting from distance. I am not able to comment


Agapanthus species : Garden plant of California:
I think this is Agapanthus orientalis. Please validate. Blue and white variety.
This is very commonly found in most flowerbeds of California.

Yes .. Another common plant in California

Yes, Agapanthus orientalis, parking lots, roadsides, outside of fences, massive plantings …. everyone loves the buoe flower heads… they provide pleasant color for the whole of the summer…
their seeds are profuse, but not successful in self sowing, dont know why….


Flowers of California 5: Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis:
Agapanthus praecox Willd. subsp. orientalis (F. M. Leight.) F. M. Leight.
Syn: Agapanthus orientalis F. M. Leight.
Evergreen garden ornamental herb with strap-shaped 4-6 cm wide leaves; flowers blue in a 40-110 flowered umbel on a longer scape; flowers 5 cm long.
Very commonly cultivated in California along roadsides and private houses, often along borders.


18 th Jan. 2010 / 10.00 am- Hakgala Botanical Garden, Sri Lanka; Request for ID -230310SC1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

Flowers of California 4: Agapanthus africanus:
Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns., Verz. Pfl.-Kult. 35. 1824

Syn: Crinum africanum L.; Agapanthus umbellatus L’Hér.
Evergreen garden ornamental, with linear-lanceolate leaves 10-13 mm broad; flowers blue, 3.5-4.5 cm long, in a 12-30 flowered umbel on on a long scape.
Common names: African Lily, blue African lily, Lily of the Nile
Less commonly cultivated in California

May be Agapanthus praecox Willd. or its hybrids as per discussions in another thread

efloraindia: 111111 BRS150:
Pl. find the attached file contain photo for id. confirmation.
Location: Pambar Shola, Approx.. 2000 msl, Kodaikanal
Date: Jan.2006.
Habitat: Garden
Habit: shrub

Agapanthus praecox Willd. or its hybrids as per discussions in another thread

SK1022 17MAR-2018 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Godawari Botanical Garden, Nepal 
Altitude: 5000 ft.
Date: 22 Jun 2017
Habit : Cultivated
Liliaceae ..??  ID ?

Is it Agapenthus?

Thank you … Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns. ???

Yes to me also appear close to images at Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns. 

Agapanthus praecox Willd. or its hybrids as per discussions in another thread


SK1377 21AUG 2018 : 15 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (6)- around 600 kb each.
Location: Godavari, Nepal
Altitude : 5000 ft.
Date: 24 July 2018
Habit : Cultivated

Agapanthus africanus..

Thank you … Agapanthus africanus (L.) Hoffmanns.

This appears to be Agapanthus praecox Willd. [Amaryllidaceae / ex-Agapanthaceae]. This plant is, and has been, widely mistaken for A. africanus (L.) Hoffmanns.
Please refer to the attached documents for more details. The screenshots have been sourced from: The European Garden Flora, Vol. I, Alismataceae to Orchidaceae, Second edition, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
PS: The pentamerous flower in these images seems to be a curious aberration.
Attachments (4)

Thanks, … I think we should accordingly take our images at Agapanthus africanus (Cultivated) as Agapanthus praecox Willd. or its hybrids.
Is it OK ?

As per Pacific bulb society also, Agapanthus africanus is different:

Yes. The confusion is widespread. As mentioned in the PDF attached in my previous email:
“…even in South Africa, cultivars are mainly traded or linked to Agapanthus africanus. In nearly all cases, these plants have nothing to do with this species; almost all are selections or hybrids from A. praecox. Even so close to the natural habitat, it seems impossible to get rid of this confusion…” – p. 19, Agapanthus – A Revision of the Genus by Wim Snoeijer, Timber Press, 2004.

yes to this question,
“Thanks, … I think we should accordingly take our images at Agapanthus africanus (Cultivated) as Agapanthus praecox Willd. or its hybrids.
Is it OK ?”
on that pageesp … case, only he has taken the trouble to find out and tell us that it was an evergreen. 
information in plain english for gardeners :  the following snipptes are  from daves garden: …
Classification of Agapanthus is confusing, and even experts have difficulty. Over the years, Agapanthus has changed families several times, being at one time or another assigned to Liliaceae (lily)and Alliaceae (onion)or being assigned its own monotypic family, Agapanthaceae. APG III taxonomic system assigns it to the family Amaryllidaceae and recognizes these speciesA. africanus, A. campanulatus (with one subspecies), A. caulescens, A. inapertus (with five subspecies)and A. praecox (with three subspecies).
The APG III taxonomic system does not recognize A. orientalis, but it does list A. praecox subsp. orientalis. 
Since it is generally recognized by most experts that almost all the evergreen agapanthus in cultivation are cultivars or hybrids of A. praecox
this page is short treasure of whats in US gardens.

Re:Blue lily ? : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)

Location Kalimpong Darjeeling West Bengal
Please identify

Might be allium sp. 

Could not find a match with any species so far in efi as per comparative images at /species/a—l/a/amaryllidaceae/allium

Please compare with Agapanthus species in eFI.

I think leaves are required for final id.

A. africanus: Scape less than 70 cm long, leaves  less than 15 mm wide,  umbel 12-30 flowered, flower less than 4 cm long, 
A. praecox: Scape longer than 80 cm, leaves wider than 15 mm, umbel more than 30 flowered, flower longer than 4 cm.
The above plant is A. praecox I hope


France, July 2022 :: Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis for validation :: ARK2022-082: 3 high res. images.
This was clicked at the Eze Botanical Garden near Nice, France in July 2022.
Agapanthus praecox subsp. orientalis
Requested to please validate

Looks matching according to the net images !



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