Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 6: 495 1916. (Syn: Ailanthus altissima var. erythrocarpa (Carrière) Rehder; Ailanthus altissima var. leucoxyla B.C.Ding & T.B.Chao; Ailanthus altissima var. microphylla B.C.Ding & T.B.Chao; Ailanthus altissima var. ramosissima B.C.Ding & T.B.Chao; Ailanthus altissima f. rubra (Dippel) Geerinck; Ailanthus cacodendron (Ehrh.) Schinz & Thell.; Ailanthus erythrocarpa Carrière; Ailanthus giraldii Dode; Ailanthus giraldii var. duclouxii Dode; Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.; Ailanthus glandulosa var. erythocarpa (Carrière) Mouill.; Ailanthus glandulosa var. spinosa Vilmorin & Bois; Ailanthus guangxiensis S. L. Mo; Ailanthus japonica K.Koch; Ailanthus japonica Dippel; Ailanthus macrophylla hort.; Ailanthus mascula hort.; Ailanthus peregrina (Buc’hoz) F.A.Barkley; Ailanthus pongelion J.F.Gmel.; Ailanthus procera Salisb.; Ailanthus purpurascens Hort.; Ailanthus rhodoptera F.Muell.; Ailanthus rubra Hort.; Ailanthus vilmoriniana Dode; Ailanthus vilmoriniana var. henanensis Jian Y.Chen & L.Y.Jin; Albonia peregrina Buc’hoz; Choerospondias auriculata D.Chandra; Pongelion cacodendron (Ehrh.) Farw.; Pongelion glandulosum Pierre; Pongelion vilmorinianum Van Tiegh.; Rhus cacodendron Ehrh.; Rhus peregrina F. A. Barkley; Rhus sinensis Houttuyn; Toxicodendron altissimum Mill.);
Native to: China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Inner Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet, Xinjiang; Introduced into: Afghanistan, Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Austria, Azores, Belgium, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Colorado, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., France, Free State, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hawaii, Hungary, Illinois, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Kentucky, Korea, Kriti, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Lebanon-Syria, Lesotho, Libya, Madeira, Mexico Northeast, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northern Provinces, Palestine, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Vietnam, Yugoslavia as per POWO;
Caucasus (I), Georgia [Caucasus] (I), Turkmenistan (I), China (widespread),
Taiwan (I), Japan (I), Ryukyu Isl. (I), Korea (I), Ukraine (I), Crimea (I),
Tajikistan (I), Uzbekistan (I), India, Pakistan (Baluchistan), Pakistani Kashmir
(Gilgit, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir (Kashmir),
Vietnam, Malesia to Solomon
Isl., Albania (I), Austria (I), Belgium (I), England (I), Bulgaria (I), Corsica
(I), Czech Republic (I), Slovakia (I), France (I), Germany (I), Switzerland (I),
Spain (I), ?Andorra (I), Baleares (I), Gibraltar (I), Hungary (I), Italy (I),
Slovenia (I), Croatia (I), Bosnia & Hercegovina (I), Portugal (I), Romania
(I), Sardinia (I), Sicily (I), Anatolia (I), Greece (I) (incl. Kiklades (I)),
Crete (I), East Aegaean Isl. (I), Rhodos (I), Cyprus (I), Australia (I) (South
Australia (I), Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)), Chile (I),
Argentina (I), Mexico (I), Azores (I) (Santa Maria Isl. (I), Sao Miguel Isl.
(I), Graciosa (I), Pico (I)), Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Canary Isl. (I)
(Gran Canaria (I), Tenerife (I)), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Arizona
(I), California (I), Colorado (I), Connecticut (I), District of Columbia (I),
Delaware (I), Florida (I), Georgia (I), Iowa (I), Idaho (I), Illinois (I),
Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Kentucky (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I),
Maryland (I), Maine (I), Michigan (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), North
Carolina (I), Nebraska (I), New Jersey (I), New Mexico (I), Nevada (I), New York
(I), Ohio (I), Oklahoma (I), Oregon (I), Pennsylvania (I), Rhode Island (I),
South Carolina (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Utah (I), Virginia (I), Washington
State (I), Wisconsin (I), West Virginia (I)), Canada (I) (Ontario (I), Quebec
(I)), Morocco (I), Algeria (I), Tunisia (I), Libya (I)
as per Catalogue of life;
Common name: Tree of Heaven, China-sumac


Ailanthus altissima tree from Kashmir:  Ailanthus altissima, The Tree of Heaven, a common tree in Kashmir along roadsides was uploaded by me last year with flowers only. I am including fruits this time.
Photographed from Balgarden in June and Rambagh in August, both in Srinagar Kashmir.

Nice Pics Sir. Fruits somewhat similar to Dalbergia sissoo

A medium sized tree seen at Pahalgam and many places on the National Highway.
No flowers seen, only pods in bunches.

Picture taken during Sept,11.

Kindly validate.

Yes …, you are right

Very common in Kashmir.

Ailanthus altissima? ABMAY01/14 : 8 posts by 4 authors.
I saw this on my way back from Saturday’s trek.
I crushed a leaf and it had a rank smell reminding me of the reputation of Tree of Heaven.
Could this be Ailanthus altissima?
Above Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP

09 May 2015

Yes. it is Ailanthus altissima

I think, it is Ailanthus altissima. Kindly observe separate male and female plants in this species.

Thank you … How can I tell which one is which?

later it would be nice see its flowers and see if its female plant

it may already be a unwanted weedy tree in indian highlands as in many western countries

I have photographs of all the stages of male and female plants.

Tree for ID : New Windsor, New York : 10OCT19 : AK-13 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Tree seen in New Windsor in June, 17.

This was in the woods. Couldn’t get closer.
Could be Ailanthus Species?

yes. Ailanthus altissima. a tall towering tree. grows very large.

bought in to USA in 1899 or so as an ornamental from England where it was brought by mistake by a missionary as a source of varnish resin (???) and later nursery trade pushed it as a tree for easy shade in NY city and its boroughs and even USDA it seems gave out seeds grows anywhere and everywhere but, now considered a noxious weed.
twist of fate: its call tree of heaven. may be because of its full mature tree height?
its even banned now to be planted imported etc to Massachusetts.

its flowering and the leaves were clearly seen in this picture, otherwise its difficult to distinguish when young from staghorn sumac which grows in the same kind a soils esp in NY and NJ

Many thanks for the id. To me also it looked like Ailanthus altissima.

But since I’m not familiar with US plants, wasn’t very sure.



Tree for ID : New Windsor,New York : 22NOV17 : AK-23 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Tree seen in thick woods on the 22nd June,17 in New Windsor.

Looks close to Ailanthus Species from Kashmir.

Please look at Rhus. It is some type of Sumac, don’t know which one.

Could this tree also be Ailanthus altissima?

It was clicked in the same location.

yes. the same. its prolific seed maker and it also grows all over. that’s why its a weed.

noxious enough that some states have now banned its sale. see the earlier thread where I gave some more info
Tender Leaves For ID : Srinagar : 16JUN16 : AK-25 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Tender leaves of a young tree seen in Srinagar during April.

Ailanthus altissima?

Yes it is Ailanthus altissima, new branches sprouting from a cut back tree

It is an invasive tree and stops other vegetation to grow.

ID seems to be correct, however better to wait for flowers or fruits.

By the way trunk looks ok !


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