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a-RAK-is — from the ancient Greek plant name arakis for legume … Dave’s Botanary
hy-poh-JEE-uh — under earth … Dave’s Botanary 

commonly known asearthnutgroundnutmonkey nutpeanut • Assameseচীনাবাদাম chinabadam • Bengaliচীনাবাদাম chinabadamমাটকলাই matakalai • Gujaratiમગફળી magaphaliસીંગદાણા singdana • Hindiचीनाबदाम chinabadamमूंगफली mungphaliविलायती मूंग vilayati-mung • Kannadaಕಡಲೆಕಾಯಿ kadalekaayiನೆಲಗಡಲೆ nelagadale • Konkaniभूंयीमूग bhunyimugaनेलकड्लो nelakadlo • Malayalamകപ്പലണ്ടി kappalantiനിലകടല nilakatala • Manipuriবদাম badam • Marathiबादामचिनी badamchiniभुईमूग bhuimugaभुईशेंग bhuishengaशेंगदाणा shengdanaविलायती मूग vilayati mug • Nepaliबदाम badamमूम फली mum phalee • Oriyaଭୂ ଚଣକ bhu chanakaଭୁଇ ଚଣା bhuin chana • Punjabiਮੂੰਗ ਫਲੀ mung phali • Sindhiکاڄو khaajjo • Tamilமணிலாக்கொட்டை manila-k-kottaiமனிலாப்பயறு manila-p-payaruநிலக்கடலை nila-k-katalaiவேர்க்கடலை ver-k-katalai • Teluguవేరుసెనగ veru-senaga • Tuluನೆಲಕಡಲೆ nelakadale
Native to: South America; widely cultivated


Ground nut plant; Peanut plant( Arachis hypogea): I could catche these tiny plants of भुईमूग or शेंगदाणा in a farm few weeks back in Pune
The common ground nut .
Arachis hypogea .
Small herb from Family :Fabaceae.
The flowers yellow near the ground. Yellow with red markings.
Leaves pinnate with two opposite pairs of leaflets.

Nice Mungphali!! called as the almond of Poors


06082011 Arachis hypogea: This is intended to be in continuation of … thread on the subject plant. In case some member is unaware of how the legumes grow under ground when the flowers are above ground, I am attaching a picture showing the part of branch that grows prostrate. The axillary flowers after maturity send& nbsp; fruiting peduncles with a pointed tip into the ground. The legumes grow under ground (hypo-gea). Hence the plants are prevented from being erect, they are usually rolled over using an empty barrel so that peduncles reach ground easily.

Its so clear. For many years even I use to wonder how roots bear the pods. Then in college heard about Hypogea. But again it was not known that hypogea was produced from fertilized flower. But instead was thought that it is a stem outshoot. Then use to wonder how seeds come in it? Then once I had also thought of underground flowers.
Gone are those days when we could not get the knowledge with a click on th emouse.

Minor correction, correct spellings are hypogaea and not hypogea.


Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week :: Arachis hypogaea at Yeoor Hills: Arachis hypogaea L.
Trivia: Often found written as Arachis hypogoea, derived from old English spelling Arachis hypogœa … note the ligature œ used in the older spelling.

a-RAK-is — from the ancient Greek plant name arakis meaning legume
hy-poh-JEE-uh — under earth

Aug 30, 2009 … in a small farm, Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park)
commonly known as: earthnut, groundnut, monkey nut, peanut • Assamese: চীনাবাদাম chinabadam • Bengali: চীনাবাদাম chinabadam, মাটকলাই matakalai • Gujarati: મગફળી magaphali, સીંગદાણા singdana • Hindi: चीनाबदाम chinabadam, मूंगफली mungphali, विलायती मूंग vilayati-mung • Kannada: ಕಡಲೆಕಾಯಿ kadalekaayi, ನೆಲಗಡಲೆ nelagadale • Konkani: भूंयीमूग bhunyimuga, नेलकड्लो nelakadlo • Malayalam: കപ്പലണ്ടി kappalanti, നിലകടല nilakatala • Manipuri: বদাম badam • Marathi: बादामचिनी badamchini, भुईमूग bhuimuga, भुईशेंग bhuishenga, शेंगदाणा shengdana, विलायती मूग vilayati mug • Punjabi: ਮੂੰਗ ਫਲੀ mung phali • Sindhi: کاڄو khaajjo • Tamil: மணிலாக்கொட்டை manila-k-kottai, மனிலாப்பயறு manila-p-payaru, நிலக்கடலை nila-k-katalai, வேர்க்கடலை ver-k-katalai • Telugu: వేరుసెనగ veru-senaga
Native to: South America; widely cultivated
some views: Aug 30,, 2009 … in a small farm, Yeoor Hills (part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park)

Mungfali or शेंगदाणा, Bhuimung
Your uploads are always special…..
You have explained the meaning of the name too.


Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week : Shrubs/Herbs :Arachis hypogaea(Bhui-mug); Pune: Arachis hypogaea (Bhui-mug);
Attaching the images of a pea plant.

Wow!! so beautiful Pea plant_MG_3322.jpg looks like a butterfly 



ovules in an Arachis hypogaea (pea nut) ovary: A great good evening to everyone….
Considering that we sometimes see only 1 seed,sometimes 2 seeds in a peanut pod,sometimes 3 or even 4….then the question arises is it not decided that how many ovules does an ovary contain as in case of peanut?

This is interesting question.
Arachis I think can have upto 4 seeds. But, to form a proper fruit any ovary doesnt need all its ovule to be fertilized. The number of ovules should be genetic but it can also depend on the health (if the number
is not 1 or 2) of plant as well as the type of inflorescence and type of fruit. How many ovules will turn into fruit is not genetic but a matter of chance. Usually plants prolong the viability of the stigma to be pollinated if they are virgin. But once pollinated the viability reduced drastically.



2015april_sk12/12 : Arachis hypogaea L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

chinabadam, wow. did you plant these?

No Didi, this is from my neighbour’s field. While I was on my way to bazaar today I noticed this plant flowering. The field has a fence around it, else I could have get some more details.

Attachments (4)

Arachis hypogaea L.
at Yeoor Hills on August 30, 2009 

Excellent images …


Names of Plants in India :: Arachis hypogaea L.:
Arachis hypogaea L.

a-RAK-is — from the ancient Greek plant name arakis for legume … Dave’s Botanary
hy-poh-JEE-uh — under earth … Dave’s Botanarycommonly known as: earthnut, groundnut, monkey nut, peanut • Assamese: চীনাবাদাম chinabadam • Bengali: চীনাবাদাম chinabadam, মাটকলাই matakalai • Gujarati: ભોંયમગ bhonyamaga, મગફળી magaphali, સીંગદાણા singdana • Hindi: चीनाबदाम chinabadam, मूंगफली mungphali, विलायती मूंग vilayati-mung • Kannada: ಕಡಲೇಕಾಯಿ kadalekaayi, ನೆಲಗಡಲೆ nelagadale • Konkani: भूंयीमूग bhunyimuga, नेलकड्लो nelakadlo • Malayalam: കപ്പലണ്ടി kappalanti, നിലകടല nilakatala • Manipuri: ꯕꯗꯥꯝ badam, ꯂꯩ ꯕꯥꯛ ꯍꯋꯥꯢ leibak hawai • Marathi: बादामचिनी badamchini, भुईमूग bhuimuga, भुईशेंग bhuishenga, शेंगदाणा shengdana, विलायती मूग vilayati mug • Nepali: बदाम badam, मूम फली mum phalee • Odia: ଭୂ ଚଣକ bhu chanaka, ଭୁଇ ଚଣା bhuin chana • Punjabi: ਮੂੰਗਫਲੀ mungphali • Sanskrit: भूचणक bhuchanaka, कलाय kalaya • Sindhi: کاڄو khaajjo • Tamil: மணிலாக்கொட்டை manila-k-kottai, மனிலாப்பயறு manila-p-payaru, நிலக்கடலை nila-k-katalai, வேர்க்கடலை ver-k-katalai • Telugu: నేలశనగలు nelasanagalu, వేరుసెనగ verusenaga • Tulu: ನೆಲಕಡಲೆ nelakadalebotanical namesArachis hypogaea L. … synonyms: read at POWO

Bibliography / etymology
~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
monkey nut
~~~~~ ASSAMESE ~~~~~
চীনাবাদাম chinabadam
  • Many thanks to Jogesh Das fot this name in his post … facebook
~~~~~ BENGALI ~~~~~
চীনাবাদাম chinabadam
মাটকলাই matakalai
  • Many thanks to Goutam Panda for this name in his post … facebook
~~~~~ GUJARATI ~~~~~
ભોંયમગ bhonyamaga
મગફળી magaphali
સીંગદાણા singdana
~~~~~ HINDI ~~~~~
चीनाबदाम chinabadam
मूंगफली mungphali
विलायती मूंग vilayati-mung
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
ಕಡಲೇಕಾಯಿ kadalekaayi
ನೆಲಗಡಲೆ nelagadale
~~~~~ KONKANI ~~~~~
भूंयीमूग bhunyimuga
  • my mother tongue
  • भूंयी bhunyi = earth or ground; मूग muga = gram, bean
नेलकड्लो nelakadlo
  • my mother tongue
  • नेल nela = earth or ground; कड्लो kadlo = nut
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
കപ്പലണ്ടി kappalanti
നിലക്കടല nilakkatala
~~~~~ MANIPURI ~~~~~
ꯕꯗꯥꯝ badam
ꯂꯩ ꯕꯥꯛ ꯍꯋꯥꯢ leibak hawai
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
बादामचिनी badamchini
भुईमूग bhuimuga
भुईशेंग bhuishenga
शेंगदाणा shengdana
विलायती मूग vilayati mug
~~~~~ NEPALI ~~~~~
बदाम badam
मूम फली mum phalee
~~~~~ ODIA ~~~~~
ଭୂ ଚଣକ bhu chanaka
ଭୁଇ ଚଣା bhuin chana
~~~~~ PUNJABI ~~~~~
ਮੂੰਗਫਲੀ mungphali
~~~~~ SANSKRIT ~~~~~
भूचणक bhuchanaka
कलाय kalaya
~~~~~ SINDHI ~~~~~
کاڄو khaajjo
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
மணிலாக்கொட்டை manila-k-kottai
மனிலாப்பயறு manila-p-payaru
நிலக்கடலை nila-k-katalai
வேர்க்கடலை ver-k-katalai
~~~~~ TELUGU ~~~~~
నేలశనగలు nelasanagalu
వేరుసెనగ verusenaga
~~~~~ TULU ~~~~~
ನೆಲಕಡಲೆ nelakadale
~~~~~ x ~~~~~

Santali name(s) of Arachis hypogaea:
Please help with the name(s) of Arachis hypogaea in Santali.

Arachis hypogaea commonly called Badam in Santali. It’s Santali language transcription will be “ᱵᱟᱫᱟᱢ