Argemone
mexicana L., Sp. Pl. 508 1753. (Syn: Argemone alba Raf. [Illegitimate]; Argemone alba var. leiocarpa Fedde; Argemone georgiana Croom; Argemone leiocarpa Greene; Argemone mexicana var. gynophora (Fedde) J.F.Macbr.; Argemone mexicana f. lanata Rob.; Argemone mexicana f. leiocarpa (Greene) G.B.Ownbey; Argemone mexicana var. leiocarpa Prain; Argemone mucronata Dum.Cours. ex Steud.; Argemone sexvalvis Stokes; Argemone spinosa Moench; Argemone versicolor Salisb.Echtrus mexicanus (L.) Nieuwl.; Echtrus trivalvis Steud.; Echtrus trivialis Lour.; Papaver mexicanum (L.) E.H.L.Krause; Papaver spinosum Bauhin);
Bahamas (I), Turks & Caicos Isl. (I), Cayman Isl., Cuba (I), Hispaniola (I),
Jamaica (I), Puerto Rico, Virgin Isl. (Guana, St. Croix, St. John, St. Thomas,
Tortola, Virgin Gorda), Lesser Antilles (Anguilla, Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda,
Dominica, Grenada, Grenadines, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Montserrat, Saba, St.
Barthelemy, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts, St. Lucia, St. Martin, St. Vincent),
Aruba, Bonaire, Curacao, Isla Margarita, Trinidad & Tobago (I), Bermuda (I),
Panama, Nicaragua, Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja
California Sur, Campeche, Chiapas, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Durango,
Guanajuato, Guerrero, Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos,
Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca, Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi,
Sinaloa, Sonora, Tabasco, Tamaulipas, Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas),
Galapagos Isl., Costa Rica, Peru, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador,
Peru, Surinam (I), French Guiana (I), Ecuador (I), Brazil (I), Bolivia (I),
Venezuela (I), Colombia (I), USA (I) (Alabama (I), Arkansas (I), Connecticut
(I), District of Columbia (I), Delaware (I), S-Florida, Georgia (I), Iowa (I),
Illinois (I), Indiana (I), Kansas (I), Louisiana (I), Massachusetts (I),
Maryland (I), Michigan (I), Missouri (I), Mississippi (I), North Carolina (I),
Nebraska (I), New Jersey (I), New York (I), Ohio (I), Pennsylvania (I), South
Carolina (I), Tennessee (I), Texas (I), Virginia (I), Vermont (I)), Canada
(Manitoba (I), Ontario (I)), Portugal (I), France (I), C-Europe (I), S-Europe,
Italy (I), Java (I), peninsular Malaysia (I), Lesser Sunda Isl. (I), Sulawesi
(I), Moluccas (I) (Ternate (I), Aru Isl. (I), Kei Isl. (I), Ceram (I)),
Philippines (I), Australia (I) (South Australia (I), Western Australia (I),
Queensland (I), New South Wales (I), Victoria (I)), South Africa (I), Swaziland
(I), Lesotho (I), Botswana (I), Zambia (I), Zimbabwe (I), Mozambique (I),
Guinea-Bissau (I), Guinea (I), Benin (I), Togo (I), Burkina Faso (I), Seychelles
(I), Somalia (I), Socotra (I), Sao Tome (I), Madagascar (I), Mauritania (I),
Angola (I), Sudan (I), New Caledonia (I), Nepean Isl. (I), Fiji (I), Norfolk
Isl. (I), Southern Marianas (I) (Tinian (I), Guam (I)), Niue (I), Mauritius (I),
La Runion (I), Rodrigues (I), Egypt (I) (Nile Delta (I), Nile Valley (I)),
Israel (I) (coastal W-Israel (I)), Lebanon (I) (C-Lebanon (I), coastal W-Lebanon
(I)), Saudi Arabia (I) (Hejaz (I)), Yemen (I) (Aden Desert (I), SW-Yemen (I),
W-Yemen (I)), Oman (I), Bahrain (I), Pakistan (I), Jammu & Kashmir (I),
Madeira (I) (Madeira Isl. (I)), Canary Isl. (I) (Gran Canaria (I), Tenerife (I),
La Palma Isl. (I)), Cape Verde Isl. (I) (Santo Antao Isl. (I), Sao Vicente Isl.
(I), Santa Luzia Isl. (I), Ilha de Sao Nicolau (I), Sal Isl. (I), Ilha da Boa
Vista (I), Ilha de Maio (I), Ilha de Sao Tiago (I), Fogo Isl. (I), Ilha Brava
(I)), Hawaii (I) (Kauai (I), Oahu (I), Maui (I)), Nicobar Isl. (I) (North
Nicobar Isl. (I), Great Nicobar Isl. (I), Little Nicobar Isl. (I)), Sikkim (I),
Myanmar [Burma] (I), Vietnam (I), India (I), Sri Lanka (I), Nepal (I),
Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives) (I), Maldives (I), Bangladesh (I),
China (I)
(Fujian (I), Guangdong (I), Yunnan (I)), Taiwan (I), Georgia [Caucasus] (I),
Taiwan (I), Ryukyu Isl. (I), Morocco (I)
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
1 Flowers yellow; stigma shallowly dissected; style absent in fruit   Argemone mexicana
+ Flowers white turning pale-yellowish with age; stigma deeply dissected; style 1-2 mm long in fruit   Argemone ochroleuca
We can distinguish Argemone ochroleuca from A. mexicana by small height, pale yellow flowers and deeply dissected stigma…!!!
A weed of waste places, Argemone ochroleuca is less common than A. mexicana, differentiated by low habit (usually less than 40 cm tall), poorly brached, smaller narrower leaves, white flowers turning pale yellow, deeply dissected stigma and distinct 1-2 mm long style.
AR-ge-mon-ee — white spot on the eye, for which Argmone was once a cure … Dave’s Botanary
meks-sih-KAY-nuh — of or from Mexico … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: gamboje thistle, Mexican prickly poppy, yellow thistleAssamese: শিয়ালকাঁটা siyalakantaBengali: শিয়ালকাঁটা siyalakantaGujarati: દારુડી darudi, પીળો ધતૂરો pilo dhaturo, સત્યાનાશી satyanashiHindi: भरभांड bharbhand, फिरंगी धतूरा phirangi dhatura, पीला धतूरा pila dhatura, सत्यानाशी satyanashi, सियालकांटा siyalkanta, तिल्मखार tilmakharKachchhi: દારુડી darudi, પીરીઓકંઢો piriokandho, ઉઝરકંઢો ujharakandhoKannada: ಅರಸಿನ ಉಮ್ಮತ್ತ arasina ummatta, ದತ್ತೂರಿ ಗಿಡ datturi gida, ಗೊಳಗೊಳಿಕೆ golagolike, ಹುಚ್ಚು ಬ್ರಹ್ಮದಂಡಿ huchchu brahmadandiKonkani: फिरंगी धोत्रा firangi dhotraMalayalam: ബ്രഹ്മദന്തി brahmadanti, എരുമക്കള്ളി erumakkalliMarathi: कांटे धोत्रा kante dhotra, फिरंगी धोतरा phirangi dhotra, पिवळा धोत्रा pivala dhotra, सत्यनाशी satyanashiNepali: काँडे kaande, सत्यानासी satyaanaasi, सुंगुरे काँडा sungure kaandaa, थाकल thaakalOdia: ଡେଙ୍ଗବେଜାରି dengabejari, କଣ୍ଟାକୁସୁମ kantakusuma, ଶିଆଳି କଣ୍ଟା siali kantaPunjabi: ਕੰਡਿਆਲੀ kandiali, ਸਿਆਲਕਾਂਟਾ sialkantaRajasthani: सत्यानासी satyanasi, ऊँटकांटालीया unt-kantaliaSanskrit: ब्रह्मदण्डी brahmadandi, हेमदुग्ध hemadugdha, हेमशिखा hemashikha, कान्चक्षीरी kanchakshiri, कटुपर्णी katuparni, पीतदुग्धा pitadugdha, सृगालकण्टक srgalakantaka, स्वर्णक्षीरी swarnakshiriTamil: எலியோட்டி eli-y-otti, குருக்கு kurukku, குடிக்குச்சகுனி kutikku-c-cakuni, குடியோட்டுப்பூண்டு kuti-y-ottu-p-pun-tu, பிரம்மத் தண்டு piram-mat-tantuTelugu: బలురక్కసి balurakkasi, బ్రహ్మదండి brahmadandiTulu: ಉಂಬುಗ umbugaUrdu: بهربهانڐ bharbhand, سيال کانٿا siyalkanta 

 
Seeds yield a nauseous, bitter, non-edible oil, used in cutaneous troubles; it is cathartic. Presence of Argemone oil in edible mustard oil is probably responsible for outbreaks of epidemic dropsy; mixed with drying oi, such a linseed oil, it may be used in paint industry; also used for soap-making;
 

 

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Request Species id 21032011 DKV-1: clicked in Mhow, Dist Indore, MP


Argemone mexicana (Mexican Poppy) from the family Papavaraceae


– Yes .., a very common spring weed in Delhi also.


– I remember to have seen these flowers in plenty in my childhood in Pune. We used to call it Pivla Dhotra    पिवळा धोतरा  


Very common weed in Mysore.  Yesterday I took a photograph of this weed near my house and thought of uploading it. What a coincidence.


– The relevant page on flowers of india dot net is very informative:
http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Mexican%20Prickly%20Popp…

and so is the wikipedia page esp with regards to mustard oil becoming toxic on adulteration with just 1% oil of mexican poppy. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argemone_mexicana


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Argemone mexicana :: 2012-03-08 :: Hooghly (WB) SK:  Sharing images of Argemone mexicana that was once very common on village roadside, but is hard to find one these days.

Species : Argemone mexicana L.


Type : wild herb


Date : 06-March-2012, 2.16 p.m.


Place : Hooghly, West Bengal

ID help : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argemone_mexicana


 

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Argemone mexicana–sharing picture: Sharing my picture of Mexican Prickly Poppy.


 

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common weed for ID – Andhra Pradesh – 09022014-NAW1 : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Kindly identify this common weed with yellow flowers and leaves with spiny margin. Height of plant 30-40 cm. Photographed on the roadside near Markapur, Prakasham District, Andhra Pradesh on the 3rd of Feb, 2014.

Argemone mexicana.


yes it is Argemone mexicana


Solanaceae Fortnight- Dhatura PC-01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

mailing pictures of Dhatura from Firozabad, UP. Please Identify the vars.


This is not Datura..

I think this is Argemone mexicana


Images by tspkumar

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TSP-DEC2015-62-235: Images of Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae) : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Waste lands by road sides and vacant sites 

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, about 1000 msl and 800 msl respectively


Complete pictures, thanks …


agree with … when did this weed get to india or was it imported for some purpose, do you or anybody else know of this?


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Argemone mexicana ABMAR2017/01 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.

This is from my recent trip to Andhra Pradesh. Several plants were growing on the verges of cultivated fields. I believe this is the Mexican Poppy, Argemone mexicana. Please correct me if I am wrong.
Argemone mexicanaMexican Poppy
Madanapalle, Andhra Pradesh,
25 Feb. 2017 


I think you are right. 


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Argemone mexicana L. (accepted name) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

Location: Kurintar, Nepal 

Date : 12 April 2012

Altitude : 900 ft.

Nepali Names : सत्यानासी Satyaanaasi / थाकल Thaakal / सुंगुरे काँडा Sungure Kaandaa / काँडे  Kaande 


 

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Argemone mexicana L. : Attachments (5)

Location: Siliguri, India
Date: 25 May  2017
Altitude: 400 ft. 
Nepali Names : थाकल Thaakal  / काँडे Kaande / सत्यानाशी Satyanaashee / सुँगुरे काँडा Sungure Kaandaa


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IDENTIFICATION OF WILD FLOWER (mixed thread): 1 correct image as above.

Could your group of experts please help identify and describe this wild flower i photographed in the foothills of chandigarh, ie the Lower Shiwaliks. I am writing about these flowers in the newspaper and would require your expertise.


Argemone mexicana, family Papaveracea

Local names: Pila dhatura, Bhat katia

English names: Pickly poppy
Plant of West Indies and Mexico now naturalized in many parts of world.


It seems that you missed to quote the source of above mentioned information. It is

Please note that Bhat Katia is wrongly mentioned in that link. Bhatkatiya or Bhat Katia is Hindi name for Solanum xanthocarpum. Argemone is known as Satyanashi in general.


Here are more names from Useful Plants of India (CSIR).
Sans. & Tel: Bramhadandi
Hindi: Bharband
Beng: Siyal kanta
Tam: Kudiyoetti
Kan: Datturi
Mal: Ponnummattam


The most commonly used Tamil names for Argemone mexicana are: பிரம்ம தண்டு ‘Birammha thandu’ and நாய் கடுகு ‘Nai kadugu’
I think the seeds are poinonous (?) and can easily be confused with mustard.
Traditional healers in Tiruvannamalai district (Tamil Nadu) use the seeds for treating blackened skins near eyes in some just-delivered women, to regain the normal skin colour.
They also use the petal-juice for the treatment of any eye infection or injury.
(Disclaimer: This is just for information, and not to use without consulting expert healers/doctors).


If you were to google it… you’ll see that the seeds are a deliberate adulterant of mustard seeds, even as little as 1 gram per hundred grams of oil leads to capillary leakage of protein rich fluids into soft tissues of the body and hence the name Dropsy… which has no specific therapy, once a diagnosis is made … treatment is only supportive…. and a definitive diagnosis can be made by detecting the exact toxin sanguinarine in Urine… such dropsy most recover but there are instances where death/deaths occur.. and hence is a public health hazard…
What i find fascinating is that the tradesmen try to pass the buck and say the adulteration was accidental… most often its intentional .. since the Sheyal Kanta oil is very cheap… compared to Mustard oil…
There is a very strongly put forward argument at this URL , that I found to the point and very informative http://www.itg.be/itg/distancelearning/lecturenotesvandenendene/47_Medical_problems_caused_by_plantsp8.htm of about 4000 pages that show up on google.
Good luck
and please send us a reprint or scanned article when you do write this up….


It is really surprising that the dropsy caused by Argemone seed oil is successfully treated with the help of other plant parts of Argemone itself. I have reported this unique Traditional Knowledge.
Seeds are poisonous but used as traditional medicine as such and also after purification by the Healers. Argemone plant parts are used in hundreds of Formulations in Traditional Healing and most of these Formulations are still waiting for proper documentation.


Many many thanks … for the more common names in Tamil.
Many thanks … for pila dhatura.
Following in my notes:
commonly known as: Mexcian prickly poppy • Bengali: barashil-kantal • Hindi: सत्यानाशी satyanashi • Kannada: ದತ್ತೂರಿ ಗಿಡ್ಡ datturi gidda, ಗೊಳಗೊಳಿಕೆ golagolike • Konkani: फिरंगी धुतरो phirangi dhutro • Malayalam: ponnummattu • Marathi: फिरंगी धोतरा phirangi dhotra • Sanskrit: कनकक्षीरी kanakkshiri, काञ्चनक्षीरी kanchankshiri, क्षीरिणी kshirini, स्वर्णक्षीरी swarnakshiri • Tamil: குடியோட்டி kudiyotti • Telugu: బ్రహ్మదండి brahmadandi


How do such alien plant species come into India? Possible ways?
What is Sheyal Kanta oil?
I will send the write-ups on scan, once these are published.


I am attaching a scan of my sunday column in the hindustan times, which carried the piece on argemone mexicana. the full text is pasted below for ready reference.


“Argemone oil is much cheaper than mustard oil.”
In fact, there is no Argemone oil as such in market. Argemone seeds are adulterated with Mustard seeds due to similarity. Argemone oil is not mixed with Mustard oil, its seeds only (with Mustard seeds).


I based my statement on the following info provided by … in the earlier discussion on this flower:

What i find fascinating is that the tradesmen try to pass the buck and say the adulteration was accidental… most often its intentional .. since the Sheyal Kanta oil is very cheap… compared to Mustard oil…


It is always good to take second opinion specially in technical issues.


Surprised to read the statement

“In fact, there is no Argemone oil as such in market. Argemone seeds are adulterated with Mustard seeds due to similarity. Argemone oil is not mixed with Mustard oil, its seeds only (with Mustard seeds)” 
I think this quote from Useful Plants of India (CSIR, I don’t find any reason to doubt this publication) should clarify:
Seeds yield a nauseous, bitter, non-edible oil, used in cutaneous troubles; it is cathartic. Presence of Argemone oil in edible mustard oil is probably responsible for outbreaks of epidemic dropsy; mixed with drying oi, such a linseed oil, it may be used in paint industry; also used for soap-making.”


 

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via Species‎ > ‎A‎ >
Argemone mexicana L. … family: Papaveraceae 
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
AR-ge-mon-ee — white spot on the eye, for which Argmone was once a cureDave’s Botanary
meks-sih-KAY-nuh — of or from MexicoDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: gamboje thistle, Mexican prickly poppy, yellow thistleAssamese: শিয়ালকাঁটা siyalakantaBengali: শিয়ালকাঁটা siyalakantaGujarati: દારુડી darudi, પીળો ધતૂરો pilo dhaturo, સત્યાનાશી satyanashiHindi: भरभांड bharbhand, फिरंगी धतूरा phirangi dhatura, पीला धतूरा pila dhatura, सत्यानाशी satyanashi, सियालकांटा siyalkanta, तिल्मखार tilmakharKachchhi: દારુડી darudi, પીરીઓકંઢો piriokandho, ઉઝરકંઢો ujharakandhoKannada: ಅರಸಿನ ಉಮ್ಮತ್ತ arasina ummatta, ದತ್ತೂರಿ ಗಿಡ datturi gida, ಗೊಳಗೊಳಿಕೆ golagolike, ಹುಚ್ಚು ಬ್ರಹ್ಮದಂಡಿ huchchu brahmadandiKonkani: फिरंगी धोत्रा firangi dhotraMalayalam: ബ്രഹ്മദന്തി brahmadanti, എരുമക്കള്ളി erumakkalliMarathi: कांटे धोत्रा kante dhotra, फिरंगी धोतरा phirangi dhotra, पिवळा धोत्रा pivala dhotra, सत्यनाशी satyanashiNepali: काँडे kaande, सत्यानासी satyaanaasi, सुंगुरे काँडा sungure kaandaa, थाकल thaakalOdia: ଡେଙ୍ଗବେଜାରି dengabejari, କଣ୍ଟାକୁସୁମ kantakusuma, ଶିଆଳି କଣ୍ଟା siali kantaPunjabi: ਕੰਡਿਆਲੀ kandiali, ਸਿਆਲਕਾਂਟਾ sialkantaRajasthani: सत्यानासी satyanasi, ऊँटकांटालीया unt-kantaliaSanskrit: ब्रह्मदण्डी brahmadandi, हेमदुग्ध hemadugdha, हेमशिखा hemashikha, कान्चक्षीरी kanchakshiri, कटुपर्णी katuparni, पीतदुग्धा pitadugdha, सृगालकण्टक srgalakantaka, स्वर्णक्षीरी swarnakshiriTamil: எலியோட்டி eli-y-otti, குருக்கு kurukku, குடிக்குச்சகுனி kutikku-c-cakuni, குடியோட்டுப்பூண்டு kuti-y-ottu-p-pun-tu, பிரம்மத் தண்டு piram-mat-tantuTelugu: బలురక్కసి balurakkasi, బ్రహ్మదండి brahmadandiTulu: ಉಂಬುಗ umbugaUrdu: بهربهانڐ bharbhand, سيال کانٿا siyalkanta
botanical names: Argemone mexicana L. … synonyms: … status at The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 
April 7, 2007, Malavali, near Lonavala

  

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