Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook., Bot. Mag. 74: t. 4388 1848. (Syn: Arum murrayi J.Graham);
Murray’s Cobra Lily • Marathi: पांढरा सापकांदा Pandhra sap-kanda;

white Chiense cobra lily from Balwantgad IN Kasara REGION Taluka SHAHAPUR Dist THANE OF MAHARASHTRA:  After sharing Bridals Bouque, churchgate mumbai; ID COURTSEY:
…, I share herewith another beauty of White first saw at slopes and also later roadside of Balwantgad,
Name OF FLOWER : Arisaema Candidissimum, common name: WHITE CHINESE COBRA LILY
Color of Flower: White
place:  Blawantgad(fort), situated at (APPRX. 6KM)  Kasara(Nearest railway station and last railway station for Locals of Central Railway from CST,Mumbai) Taluka SHAHAPUR, Dist.: THANE,  State: MAHARASHTRA
Camera: Digicam -Kodak
Date & time: 26th June, 2011 Sunday, noon
Id courtsey: Search engine: <>

This is Arisaema murrayi.

identification no170811sn2: Kindly identify this flora. Is it Arisaema murrayi? (Murrayi’s Cobra Lily)
location: mulshi, pune. 3500ft above msl.
plant habit:herb
height/lenght:about 1ft.

Commonly it should actually be called Murray’s Cobra lily and not Murrayi’s !!
Named after either Andrew Murray or William Murray.


Arisaema murrayi flowering: Photographed at Khandala over the weekend.

Thanks for sharing.. This is the type variety of Arisaema murrayi (J. Graham) Hook.

This is one of the most beautiful species of Arisaema I have encountered in Western Ghats.
In fact, for me, all the species looks very pretty :-). I myself have collected this species from Lonavala, Sinhagad, Panchgani as well as Mahabaleshwar regions of Maharashtra. This species is in flowering in my garden right now. It is coming well in lower altitudes too..

I am planning a trip to Maharashtra soon this month to collect the var. sonubineae, described by Lakshminarasimhan & Punekar

you may be the right man to answer my questions. I live in Central Scotland. I have been trying to grow this from very rare and expensive bulbils for 2 or 3 years now.

The bulbils seem to grow, they get leaves and roots I overwintered them with others, utile, ciliatum, Flavum in my garage frost free. In spring however when the others grow, nothing. When I check the pots there’s nothing either, maybe a bit “skin“ is all that’s left of the bulb. This year I put the bulbils in my greenhouse and just recently one has formed a leaf, however there’s not much good weather left.

What temperature range do they like and do you think I should remove them from the soil to overwinter them ?


KAS Week::(Arisaema murrayi – 03/10/2012 – NJ):
Arisaema murrayi (Sap Kanda – Marathi)


Kas week:: PKA28:: Arisaema murrayi:
Arisaema murrayi (Family: Araceae).


Arisaema murrayi – Matheran : Attachments (1).  4 posts by 3 authors.

June, 2013

Beautiful picture … They bloom with the first showers?

Thanks … you are right, it probably blooms after first shower.

Arisaema murrayi from Matheran MN090713 :  Attachments (1).  5 posts by 3 authors.
Seen this Arisaema sp  at Matheran forest.
Date :  7th July ’13

Parda Nashin plant.

Thanks … for the Hindi name.  In Marathi we call it Pandhra sap kanda.

Came across this Tuberous herb on the way to Lohagad fort, Lonavala region.
Bot. name: Arisaema murrayi
Family: Araceae
Date/Time: 20-06-2010 / 07:30AM
Location: Lohagad, Lonavala region

Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Herb



Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight::Arisaema murrayi (NSJ-04) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).

Arisaema murrayi – (Sap Kanda) Photo taken at Mahabaleshwar.

AAZ Fortnight :: Araceae :: SMP3 :: Arisaema murraei Mahabaleshwar :  3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Arisaema murraei


Requesting to please validate ID of this Araceae member captured near Satara, Maharashtra in October 2014.

I think, it is Arisaema dracontium

Given the length of the peduncle and the presumed size of the plant I would say it is most likely the infrutescence of murrayi. Arisaema ghaticum occurs in the same area and has a similar shaped infrutescence but is generally smaller in size with a shorter peduncle


Arisaema murrayi—-for sharing and validation : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Pic taken at Ambyvalley rd., lonavala, pune in june 14.


everywhere in Panchgani and Mahabaleshwar.22 Jun 2008; 30th June., 2009: Panorama point trail, Matheran, Raigadh; Kolvan to Tikiona Fort, with BNHS on 28th June, 2009; 20-06-2010 / 07:30AM: Lohagad, Lonavala region; 25/6/2010- khandala  hill station-near Old Mumbai -Poona Road- Maharashtra; June 27, 2010: near Pavana lake 030709 ET – indiantreepix | Google Groups

DV – 27JUN10 – 0320 :: Arisaema ¿ species ? – efloraofindia | Google Groups
ID Request – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Arisaema murrayi – efloraofindia | Google Groups
Nag ka phan – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Arisaema murrayi, Panchgani – indiantreepix | Google Groups

Arisaema murrayi var. sonubeniae;
21st June 2010, 12.40 p.m.- Ratanwadi, Tahasil- Akole, Dist. Ahmadnagar, Maharashtra ;  Request for ID – Ratanwadi 21st June – efloraofindia | Google Groups


… two instances of Arisaema murrayi:
While wanting to compile common names for Arisaema murrayithe basic exercise of settling on the botanical name came to these two instances: 1) … Arisaema murrayi Hooker Hook. ex Blatter … … International Aroid Society
2) … Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook. … syn.: Arum murrayi J.Graham
… …The Plants List
Naive query: are these both one and the same ?

Yes sir, actually both names are pointing towards the same plant but I believe there is some mistake on both links.
Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook. — Bot. Mag. 74: t.4388. 1848.
Arisaema murrayi Hook. & Blatt. — J. Proc. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 26: 365, descr. emend. 1931.
In the second name most probably Blatter has added some more  points to the description hence it is mentioned, but with reference to botanical nomenclature, first one should be accepted second is just an
additional information.
By the way this is endemic to South India.

Names of Plants in India :: Arisaema murrayi:  Arisaema murrayi
[image: Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook.]<>
[image: Flowers of India]<flowersofindia>
[image: Discussions at efloraofindia]<>
[image: more views in flickr]<>
[image: more views on Google Earth]<>
commonly known as: Murray’s cobra lily • Marathi: पांढरा सापकांदा pandhra sap-kanda
botanical names: Arisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook. … synonym: Arum murrayi J.Graham

murrayi in context of Arisaema murrayi is named for J A Murray, 18th century Swedish student of Linnaeus … that was my belief, until one of my friends, .. corrected me that it would be Dr Murray, much associated with flora of Mahabaleshwar, a contemporary of Graham.
     Searching internet for Dr Murray leads to Dr. John Murray (1809-1898), a surgeon with the Bengal Medical Service of East India Company … also was into photography of Mughal architecture in India.
Cannot find any mention that he was present in Western Ghats.
    Please give some idea about the Dr Murray in whose honour Arisaema murrayi was named.
The first Superintendent of Mahabaleshwar – Dr. James Murray 1831 to 1839

Genus Murraya was honoured to J A Murray, 18th century Swedish student of Linnaeus

air-uh-SEE-muh or air-uh-SAY-muh — name refers to the plant’s resemblance to the arum family and haima (blood); referring to some species bearing red blotches … Dave’s Botanary
mer-RAY-yee — named for Dr. James Murray, Superintendent of Mahabaleshwar (1831 to 1839) … Taiwania 61(1): 58-60, 2016

commonly known as: Murray’s cobra lily, the snake lilly of Mahableshwur • Marathi: पांढरा सापकांदा pandhra sap-kanda

botanical namesArisaema murrayi (J.Graham) Hook … synonymsArum murrayi J.Graham … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
Murray’s cobra lily
the snake lilly of Mahableshwur
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
पांढरा सापकांदा pandhra sap-kanda
  • Flowers of Sahyadri, a field guide to flowers of north Western Ghats of India by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at dineshvalke.blogspot

Arisaema murrayi, Mahabeleshwar : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Arisaema murrayi
third week of june 2018, Mahabeleshwar
we saw maybe five or six of these beautiful Arisaemas, growing in clearings on the edges of clumps of bushes and trees

Arisaema murrayi : Nasik : 03JUL19 : AK-10 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Seen on a mountain slope on 25th June in Nasik.


Lonavala, MH :: Arisaema murrayii :: ARK2021-039: 3 high res. images.
Seen Arisaema murrayii for the first time near Lonavala, MH in June 2021.
Requested to please validate.

Yes !



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