Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari (Images by Gurcharan Singh & Aarti S Khale & Surajit Koley (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))


Artabotrys zeylanicus Hook.f. & Thomson (Images by Navendu Page, Prashant Awale & Dinesh Valke (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))


A conspectus of Indo-Burmese Annonaceae by I. M. Turner- Nordic Journal of Botany 33: 257–299, 2015-

Species in India with distribution:
Artabotrys burmanicus A. DC. India [Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya]; Burma

Artabotrys caudatus Hook. f. & Thomson India [Assam, Meghalaya] 

Artabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari India; Sri Lanka

Artabotrys nicobarianus D. Das India [Andamans, Nicobars] 

Artabotrys speciosus Kurz ex Hook. f. & Thomson India [Andamans and Nicobars]; Burma 

Artabotrys zeylanicus Hook. f. & Thomson India; Sri Lanka


FLOWERING PLANTS OF INDIA, DICOTYLEDONS, Vol-I (Acanthaceae-Avicenniaceae) authored by S. Karthikeyan, M. Sanjappa and S. Moorthy and published by BSI, Kolkata in 2009 is an important document for names, authority and distribution of Annonaceae species in India.
As per this document (Karthikeyan et al., 2009) following species of Artabotrys occur in India:
1- Artabotrys burmanicus A. DC. [Manipur]
2- A. caudatus Wall. ex Hook.f. et Thomson [Northeast India]
3- A. cubittii Chatterjee [Northeast India]
4- A. hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari [Throughout India, cultivated and naturalized]
5- A. nicobarianus D. Das [Nicobar Islands]
6- A. speciosus Kura ex Hook.f. & Thomson [Andaman Islands]
7- A. zeylanicus Hook.f. & Thomson [South India]
A scrutiny of these names in Plant List indicates them correct.
Artabotrys nicobarianus is mentioned as “Rare” in Red Data Book of Indian Plants by Nayar & Sastry (1987-90).

A synopsis of Annonaceae in Indian subcontinent by SR KUNDU (pdf-23 pages)- Thaiszia – J. Bot., Košice, 16: 63-85, 2006. :

Artabotrys caudatus Hook. f. & Thoms. , Fl. Ind. 129. 1855. : India, Bhutan, Bangladesh.
A. cubittii Chatterjee, J .Bombay Nat. Hist. Soc . 19 :1. 1940. : India, Myanmar .
A. hexapetalus (L. f .) Bhandari, Baileya 12 : 147. 1964.: India, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar , Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, China.
A. nicobarianus D.Das , Bul l . Bot . Surv. India 11 : 194. 1969.: India.
A. speciosus Kurz ex Hook. f. & Thoms. In Fl. Britt. India 1 : 55. 1872.: India.
A. zeylanicus Hook. f. & Thoms. , Fl. Ind. 128. 1855.: India, Sri Lanka.

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
(L. f.) Bhandari
Straggler Plains,
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All districts
Artabotrys zeylanicus Hook. f. & Thoms. Woody
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Artabotrys hexapetalus Annona hexapetala, Artabotrys odoratissimus Annonaceae Hari Champa
Artabotrys zeylanicus Annonaceae Ceylon Green Champa

Species with description in Flora of Pakistan :
Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) Bhandari


1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett-
Artabotrys nicobarianus D.Das- R- Nicobar Is.


Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002)- Details-
Artabotrys hexapetalous


Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details-
Artabotrys zeylanicus Hook.f. & Thomson


Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except … edited by Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (2001)- Details-
Artabotrys hexapetalous


Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Artabotrys hexapetalous



Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Brief details-
Artabotrys odoratissimus R.BR. = Artabotrys hexapetalus (L. f.) Bhandari


Artabotrys :  3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Artabotrys

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added list of Indian species of Artabotrys. It also contains the name of a species not included in Dr Kundu’s document.


Pl. go through Artabotrys (Annonaceae) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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