Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg, J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 31: 95 1941. (syn. Artocarpus altilis var. non-seminiferus (Duss) Fournet; Artocarpus altilis var. seminiferus (Duss) Fournet; Artocarpus blancoi (Elmer) Merr.; Artocarpus camansi Blanco; Artocarpus communis J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.; Artocarpus communis var. pungens J. J. Sm. ex Heyne; Artocarpus horridus Jarrett; Artocarpus incisifolia Stokes; Artocarpus incisus (Thunb.) L.f.; Artocarpus incisus var. bipinnatifida Seem.; Artocarpus incisus var. blancoi Elmer; Artocarpus incisus var. integrifolia Seem.; Artocarpus incisus var. laevis (Hassk.) Miq.; Artocarpus incisus var. muricata Becc.; Artocarpus incisus var. non-seminiferus Duss; Artocarpus incisus var. pinnatifida Seem.;  Artocarpus incisus var. seminiferus Duss; Artocarpus laevis Hassk.; Artocarpus leeuwenii Diels; Artocarpus mariannensis Trec.; Artocarpus multifidus Jarrett; Artocarpus papuanus Diels ; Artocarpus pinnatisectus Merr. ; Artocarpus rima Blanco; Nangha amplifolia Zipp.; Radermachia incisa Thunb.; Saccus communis (J. R. & G. Forst.) Kuntze; Saccus heterophyllus (Lam.) Kuntze; Saccus mariannensis (Trec.) Kuntze; Sitodium altile Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn); 

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(introduced) (Upolu (introduced), Savaii (introduced)), Mauritius (introduced),
Réunion (introduced), Andamans (introduced), Nicobars (introduced)
as per Catalogue of Life;
 
ar-toe-karp-us — from the Greek artos (bread) and carpus (fruit)
al-TIL-iss — fat

commonly known as: breadfruit • Hindi: bakri-chajhar • Kannada: ದೀವಿ ಹಲಸು divi halasu, ರೊಟ್ಟಿ ಹಲಸು rotti halasu, ಸೀಮೆ ಹಲಸು sime halasu • Konkani: जिवी कडगी jivi kadgi • Malayalam: കടച്ചക്ക kataccakka, ശീമച്ചക്ക seemachakka • Marathi: नीरफणस nirphanas, विलायती फणस vilayati phanas • Tamil: ஈரப்பலா irppla • Telugu: కూర పనస kura panasa • Tulu: ಜೀ ಗುಜ್ಜೆ jee gujje
Native to: New Guinea and s Pacific islands 

 

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Breadfruit is a tree and fruit native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands.  
Breadfruit trees grow to a height of 20 m.  
The large and thick leaves are deeply cut into pinnate lobes. All parts of the tree yield latex, a milky juice.
The trees are monoecious, with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. The male flowers emerge first, followed shortly afterwards by the female flowers, growing into a capitulum. These can be pollinated three days later. The pollinators are fruit bats.  
The compound, false fruit develops from the swollen perianth and originates from 1,500-2,000 flowers. These are visible on the skin of the fruit as hexagon-like disks. When fully ripe the fruit is cream colored and fragrant on the inside.  
The mature fruits are high in carbohydrates and low in fat and protein. They are also a good source of B vitamins. 

Artocarpus altilis Syn. Artocarpus incisus.
Family : Moraceae
A very common tree in Goa.
Fruits are used as vegetable even in Mumbai


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Please validate. Moraceae -Artocarpus altilis.130914 RT-3 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2).
Place-Cochin
Height-tree of medium height
Fruits-edible; round to oval; 500 gms. to 1.500 GMs.


Could this be Artocarpus altilis?


Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg 


Uploading mine from Lakshdweep. Attachments (2)


Images by tspkumar 

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TSPNOV2015-85-128: Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae) : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Artocarpus altilis (Moraceae) 

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Kadur, Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 25-02-2015


 

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Artocarpus AltilisNir phanas in Marathi..
Family : Moraceae
fruits are used for vegetable, also plant is beautiful so cultivated as ornamental plant


– Nice photo …, where is the fruit?  I think it is not the season. We use the unripe fruit as vegetable.  


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Moraceae (mulberry, fig family) » Artocarpus altilis
Synonyms: Artocarpus incisus, Artocarpus communis
ar-toe-karp-us — from the Greek artos (bread) and carpus (fruit)
al-TIL-iss — fat

commonly known as: breadfruit • Hindi: bakri-chajhar • Kannada: ದೀವಿ ಹಲಸು divi halasu, ರೊಟ್ಟಿ ಹಲಸು rotti halasu, ಸೀಮೆ ಹಲಸು sime halasu • Konkani: जिवी कडगी jivi kadgi • Malayalam: കടച്ചക്ക kataccakka, ശീമച്ചക്ക seemachakka • Marathi: नीरफणस nirphanas, विलायती फणस vilayati phanas • Tamil: ஈரப்பலா irppla • Telugu: కూర పనస kura panasa • Tulu: ಜೀ ಗುಜ್ಜೆ jee gujje
Native to: New Guinea and s Pacific islands 
Edible use:
… unripe fruit as VEGETABLE … Wikipedia<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breadfruit>
… ripe fruit as FRUIT, also as VEGETABLE …  Purdue
University<http://www.hort.purdue.edu/newcrop/morton/breadfruit.html>  


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Artocarpus altilis (Z). Fosberg syn. Artocarpus communis Forst & Frost. Seen at Sagar upavan, Mumbai in Nov.2010.
Accordig to Trees of  Mumbai, pg : 31 -” …. the whitish pulp is consumed as a vegetable  and is used in other preparations. It can be baked, bolied and fried like potatoes.” It further adds “The green fruits when roasted look like bread, giving its common name Bread fruit tree. It is also used for preparing salads and soups“.  
2 images.

– In Malayalam we call it KadachakkaFrom the unripe fruit, nice dishes are made.


  
Top 20 Fruits You Probably Don’t Know:  Got this forwarded mail from my friend….


For me, I have seen the following species in India. not sure about other species..
*Annona squamosa*
*Artocarpus altilis*
*Nephelium lappaceum*
*Morinda citrifolia*
*Rubus spectabilis*
*Aegle marmelos*
*Chrysophyllum cainito*
*Averrhoa carambola*
Bread fruit and Bael (we call it as Koovalam in Kerala) is quiet common here in Kerala. Anyway, I didn’t knew that the fruits of Aegle marmelos can be eaten..!!!


Thanks .. for the useful information on the top 20 fruits. I have the 4th one – Star fruit or Carambola growing in a small pot and now it has flowered for the 2nd time.  A sharbat is made from Bael fruit which is good
for stomach problem.


thanks for the information about thses fruits. atleast I have eaten five-six type of fruits from this list. Being a fruit lover, my mouth started watering.


Thank you for sharing these wonderful fruits. I am familiar with a few of them.

Annona squamosa is a favorite fruit of mine. I have it in my garden and it fruits regularly.
We use breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis), unripe ones to make curries. We can make delicious chips with it. But I haven’t eaten the ripe ones.
Am familiar with Morinda citrifolia but never knew the fruits are edible.
We get plenty of Rambuttan fruits in Trivandrum during this season. The trees grow well here and bear fruits profusely.
Aegle marmelos is quite common here but am not familiar with the sharbat.
Averrhoa carambola is also  common in the gardens here. It is a beautiful tree and has very pretty flowers.

As what written by mant Annona squamosa is a delight. In Marathi is called as Sitaphal. In Thane and Mumbai we get delicious Sitaphal icecream! WOOOOO. Great taste. We also get Sitaphal Basundi. these are the favourate sweets in season in many marriages.
Other than curry Bread fruit Pakodas are very tasty. In Karnataka again the breadfruit pakodas is a delicasy to eat with sarum and rice, in marriages. It is called as Nirphanas.
Morinda or Noni fruits ar ehaving good medicinal value. The flowers are very fragrant. Few flowers on the tree makes their presence visible only by distant spreading fragrane. Has come before this on eflora.
Is Rambuttam a Ramphal? could not get it.
Ageal in Marathi Bel. Leaves are offered to lord Shankara. The fruits are edible. Other than Sharbat it makes a tasty jam, Barfi, and Chatani. Good for health. Has again a lot of medicinal value.
Averrhoa is Karmal. As said very tiny pinkish flowers, beautiful to look at. It is sour in taste and is aold ouside the schools by hawkers. Makes nice pickels.


I think the southern part of the country grows more number of fruits than the North.


 

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Artocarpus incisa – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)

Artocarpus incisa
A different kind of “Phanas” tree commonly found in Goa and south Konkan.
Family : Moraceae (Ficus family)
Incisa due to to its incised kind of leaves.
No photo of flower with me.
Location in Pune:
This tree is present near Karishma society in Kothrud Pune.
Another one is there in Prayag hospital compound on Apte road
I have one doubt.
The third photo shows an ovoid fruit used for food preparation like making subjee.
What is the other pod like longish structure? 

It”s marathi names are Nir-Phanas or Vilayati phanas


I am seeing it here in the plate, but not able to figure it out: Link
Here are some extracts from Wikipedia link for Breadfruit  Artocarpus altilis (syn. A. incisa, A. communis): http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Breadfruit
Breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis) is a tree and fruit native to the Malay Peninsula and western Pacific islands. It has also been widely planted in tropical regions elsewhere. It was collected and distributed by Lieutenant William Bligh as one of the botanical samples collected by HMS Bounty in the late 18th century, on a quest for cheap, high-energy food sources for British slaves in the West Indies.
Breadfruit trees grow to a height of 20 m (66 ft). The large and thick leaves are deeply cut into pinnate lobes. All parts of the tree yield latex, a milky juice, which is used for boat caulking.
The trees are monoecious, with male and female flowers growing on the same tree. The male flowers emerge first, followed shortly afterward by the female flowers, which grow into a capitulum, which are capable of pollination just three days later. The pollinators are Old World fruit bats (Family Pteropodidae). The compound, false fruit develops from the swollen perianth and originates from 1,500-2,000 flowers. These are visible on the skin of the fruit as hexagon-like disks.

Thanks everybody for sharing interesting informations !
I recently saw a big tree in Goregaon, Mumbai and also ate its subji after bringing the fruit home!
Any idea about the adjacent pod like structure ?(Sheng in Marathi)


the ref has been already send by … could not reply then.
in kokani cakked neerphanas.
bread fruit is correct.
bhaaji and bhaji both test fantastic.
found in karnataka, and other south sides too


 

Fwd: id please 030515BG1 : 3 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 2 MB.
id please

Location : Dattaji salvi garden, Thane. Maharashtra.
19.4.15


It is difficult to find exact species because this is small and very young sapling, but this plant is one of Artocarpus spp. Artocarpus spp. represent such kind of leaves more closer to the image attached are: Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson ex F.A.Zorn) Fosberg  or A. sericicarpus F.M.Jarrett


 

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SK1748 22 Jan 2019 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – 6 mb.
Location : Sentosa , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012

Elevation : 131 m.

Habit : Cultivated

Once check Artocarpus altilis


Thank you …! Artocarpus altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg

juvenile fruit of ?breadfruit

Yes …!

References:


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