Asparagus aethiopicus L. (Images by (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Arving Kadus) & (Neha Singh – identified by Giby Kuriakose), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


Asparagus asiaticus L. (Image by Santhan P (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 



Asparagus capitatus Baker (E. Afghanistan to W. Himalaya: Afghanistan, Pakistan, West Himalaya as per POWO)


Asparagus curillus Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb. (W. Central & Central Himalaya to India (Punjab): India, Nepal, West Himalaya as per POWO)

Asparagus densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop (Images by (Aarti Khale – identified by Ajinkya Gadave & Pankaj Kumar) & Prashant Awale, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Asparagus dumosus Baker (Images by Paresh Churi – identified by Rohit Kumar (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Asparagus falcatus L. (Image by Aarti Khale – identified by Giby Kuriakose (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))



 (Images by Alok Mahendroo – validation by Pankaj Kumar & Gurucharan Singh, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 

(Images by Balkar Singh (Identified and Inserted by J.M.Garg))


Asparagus gonoclados Baker (Images by Anurag Sharma – identified by Santhan P & Vinayak Upadhya, (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


(Images by Balkar Singh (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


Asparagus racemosus Willd. ((Arjun – identified by Vijayasankar Raman), Rashida Atthar, (Aarti Khale – identified by Pankaj Kumar) & (Nidhan Singh – validation by Radha Veach), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade))


Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop (Images by Surajit Koley & (Bhagyashri Ranade – identified by Gurcharan Singh), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


Asparagus species in India-
  1. Asparagus acerosus Roxb. (synonym of A. racemosus Willd.)
  2. A. adscendens Roxb.
  3. A. aethiopicus L. [ornamental]
  4. A. africanus Lam.
  5. A. asiaticus L.
  6. A. capitatus Baker
  7. A. curillus Buch.-Ham. ex Roxb.
  8. A. densiflorus (Kunth) Jessop [ornamental]
  9. A. dumosus Baker
  10. A. filicinus Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don
  11. A. fysoni J.F.Macbr. 
  12. A. hajrae Kamble
  13. A. gonoclados Baker
  14. A. griffithii Baker
  15. A. karthikeyanii (Kamble) M.R.Almeida
  16. A. laevissimus Steud. ex Baker
  17. A. lycopodineus (Baker) F.T.Wang & T.Tang
  18. A. neglectus Kar. & Kir.
  19. A. officinalis L. [ornamental]
  20. A. penicillatus H.Hara
  21. A. punjabensis J.L.Stewart
  22. A. racemosus Willd.
  23. A. retrofractus L. [ornamental]
  24. A. rottleri Baker
  25. A. rubricaulis (Kunth) Baker
  26. A. sarmentosus L.
  27. A. setaceus (Kunth) Jessop


1. Karthikeyan, S., Jain, S.K., Nayar, M.P. & Sanjappa, M. 1989. Florae Indicae Enumeratio: Monocotyledonae, Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, pp.90-91.  
2. efi page (other references on this page)


Importance of vegetative characters in the classification of the Indian species of the genus Asparagus L. (sensu lato). by Kamble SY (1997)- Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 21, 161-5.

New Combinations in Indian Asparagaceae by Kamble SY (1991)-  Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 15, 707-10.

Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Climber Western Ghats,
Moist Deciduous Forests 
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
Asparagus fysonii Macbr. Herb Western
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989; Gamble & Fischer, 1957
Dindigul, Nilgiri
Asparagus gonoclados Baker Climber Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
Namakkal, Nilgiri, 
Asparagus laevissimus Steud. ex Baker Climb ing
Ghats, Evergreen Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
Asparagus officinalis L. Herb Western
Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region
Asparagus racemosus Willd. Climb ing
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989
Asparagus setaceus (Kunth) Jessop Climber Plains
to Low elevation, Cultivated, Native of Africa 
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. III, 1989


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Asparagus densiflorus   Asparagaceae Asparagus Fern
Asparagus filicinus Asparagaceae Fern Asparagus
Asparagus officinalis Asparagaceae Garden Asparagus
Asparagus racemosus Asparagus volubilis Asparagaceae Satawari
Asparagus retrofractus Protasparagus retrofractus Asparagaceae Ming Fern
Asparagus setaceus Asparagaceae Lacy Asparagus Fern

Asparagus dumosus Baker (No distribution given in India)
Asparagus gharoensis Blatter (No distribution given in India)
Asparagus monophyllus Baker (No distribution given in India)
Asparagus neglectus Kar. & Kir (No distribution given in India)
Asparagus persicus Baker (No distribution given in India)

Asparagus penicillatus H. Hara (No distribution given in India)





Practical Gardening In India By R. Barton West (1999)- Details-
Asparagus officinalis

Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)-Details-

Cultivation Of Medicinal And Aromatic Crops By Farooqi A.A., B.S. Sreeramu, B.S. Sreeramu (2010)- Details-
Asparagus racemosus  

Asparagus (Asparagaceae) : 4 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Asparagus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added the list of species which is mainly based on Karthikeyan et al 1989 but added with the species mentioned in the references given by you on the page.

Thanks a lot, … In that case I have added one more reference as below:
2. efi page (other references on this page)

Thanks, … It is good to see almost complete list at the top.

Re: completed insertion of images of identified species of Asparagus : 1 post by 1 author.
1 species was already done by you


Pl. go through ‎‎Asparagus page (Asparagaceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (done by Bhagyashri ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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