Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. ( Syn: …………………); as per Catalogue of Life;

Balanophora fungosa subsp. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen, Dansk Bot. Ark. 28: 100 1972. (Syn: Balaniella pedicellaris (Schltr.) Hosok.; Balaniella sphaerica Tiegh.; Balanophora annamensis S.Moore; Balanophora bonii Tiegh.; Balanophora burmannica Griff.; Balanophora cryptocaudex S.Y.Chang & P.C.Tam; Balanophora decurrens Fawc.; Balanophora elkinsii Blatt.Balanophora fungosa var. indica (Arn.) B.Hansen; Balanophora gracilis Tiegh.; Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff.; Balanophora indica var. agastyamalayana M.B.Viswan. & Prem Kumar & N.Ramesh; Balanophora indica var. tirunelveliensis M.B.Viswan. & Prem Kumar & N.Ramesh; Balanophora latipes Tiegh.; Balanophora pedicellaris Schltr.; Balanophora pentamera Tiegh.; Balanophora picta Griff.; Balanophora picta Miq. ex Eichler; Balanophora pierrei Tiegh.; Balanophora saxicola W.F.Xing & Z.X.Li; Balanophora simaoensis S.Y.Chang & P.C.Tam; Balanophora sphaerica (Tiegh.) Lecomte; Balanophora splendida P.C.Tam & D.Fang; Balanophora thwaitesii Eichler; Balanophora typhina Wall. ex Fawc. [Illegitimate]; Bivolva gracilis Tiegh.; Langsdorffia indica Arn.) as per The Plant List Ver.1.1; 
China (SE-Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), India (Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh,
Maharashtra, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu),
Philippines (Luzon), Vietnam,
peninsular Malaysia (fairly widespread), Sumatra, Australia (N-Queensland: Cape
York peninsula), Sri Lanka, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia, Micronesia (Truk, Moen,
Tol), Southern Marianas (Guam), Myanmar [Burma] (Chin, Kayin, Mandalay,
as per Catalogue of Life;

Dioecious, parasitic herbs, 10-25 cm high. Rootstock warted with lenticels. Stem stout, short, cylindric, 1.5-2 cm diam. Leafy bracts 2.5-3.5 x 1.5-2 cm, ovate to sub orbicular, obtuse at apex, purple. Male inflorescence obovoid, dense raceme, 5-10 cm long, 3-6 cm wide. Flowers small, 0.4-0.6 cm long. Perianth lobes 2-6, white. Stamens 2-6 or more; filaments united. Female inflorescence globose heads, 2-5 cm diam., bright red in colour. Perianth 0. Ovary ellipsoid, minute. 
Flowering and fruiting: January-March 
Evergreen forests
Indo-Malesia and Australia
(Attributions- Dr. N Sasidharan (Dr. B P Pal Fellow), Kerala Forest Research Institute, Peechi


Images by Sid (1,2,3- ID by Tapas Chakrabarty & Prabhu Kumar K.M.)


For ID 170320014 – SS- Is it Balanophora :

11 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (3).
Location: Kalakkad Mundanthurai WLS, Tamilnadu

Date : unknown

Is it a species of Balanophora ? Pls. validate.

Probably B. abrreviata

Please consider Balanophora indica.

But as per Plantlists and IPNI which is synonymized under B. fungosa J. R. & G. Forst. ssp. indica (Arn.) Hansen.

It looks like Balanophora fungosa….

Balanophora fungosa J. R. Forster & G. Forster

This seems to be Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. var. agastyamalayana Visw. et al., in Rheedea 10(2): 121, f.1. 2000, which has been discovered and described from Kalakkad – Mundandurai Tiger Reserve, in Tirunelveli dist. of Tamil Nadu.




Balanophora from Mahabaleswar : 7 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (4).

Seen this Balanophora plenty @ Mahabaleswar

Balanophora species so far in efi  

Please check with Balanophora fungosa

The plant should be: Balanophora fungosa J.R. & G. Forst. ssp. indica B. Hansen

this must surely qualify as a mimicker .. a plant life that looks like an animal form, at least at the first glance
I so very much reminds me of a hedge hod all rolled up

Have you found out this recently or in some other season?



Balanophora fungosa (Balanophoraceae) : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)- around 1 mb each.
The parasitic plant grows on host plants grows in the undergrowth of dense canopy 

Balanophora fungosa, (Balanaphoraceae)
Karnataka Coorg 2018 December

I think more closer to images at Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. rather than those at Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. 


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