Balanophora dioica R.Br. ex Royle (Images by Navendu Page (1), Prashant Awale (2-ID by Navendu Page) and Karuna Kant Das (3,4))


Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (Images by T. Badri Narayan (ID by Santhosh Kumar) & Ritesh Kumar Choudhary (from Vietnam- Validation by Tanay Bose))



Balanophora harlandii Hook.f. (Image by Pankaj Kumar, photographed in Hong Kong)




Images by Sid (1,2,3- ID by Tapas Chakrabarty & Prabhu Kumar K.M.)


Balanophora polyandra Griff. (Image by Late M.K.Pathak, provided by Tapas Chakrabarty)


Species as per Flora of India Vol 23 (Editors N. P. Balakrishnan, T. Chakrabarty, M. Sanjappa, P. Lakshminarsimhan & P. Singh by Botanical Survey of India (2012)) (Distribution):
Balanophora abbreviata Blume (India: Subtropical evergreen forests, 500 – 1000 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Nagaland, Manipur, Mizoram, Tripura, Meghalaya, Orissa, Karnataka and Andaman Islands; Africa (Congo, Madagascar), Nepal, Bhutan, SW. China, Vietnam, Thailand and Myanmar to Malesia, up to Tahiti Islands)
Balanophora dioica R.Br. ex Royle (India: Tropical and subtropical Himalayas, common in Meghalaya, between 500 – 2500 m. Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar and China)
Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. & G.Forst. (India: Dense primary rain forests, up to 1000 m. Manipur; China, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Indonesia, Philippines, New Guinea, NE. Australia and Pacific Islands)
Balanophora harlandii Hook.f. (India: At about 2300 m altitude in Nagaland; China, Japan, Taiwan and Thailand)
Balanophora indica (Arn.) Griff. 
  var. agastyamalayana M.B.Viswan. (India: Evergreen tropical to subtropical forests of southern Western Ghats, at about 1200 m altitude. Tamil Nadu)
var. indica (India: Evergreen subtropical forests, in shaded forest floors, between 500 – 2500 m; NE. India and W. Ghats of Peninsular India. Assam, Manipur, Andhra Pradesh, Mahara-shtra, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu; Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Myanmar, SW. China, Vietnam, Laos, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Australia and Pacific Islands)
var. minor Eichl. (India: Evergreen subtropical forests, 1500 2000 m. Tamil Nadu; Thailand)
var. tirunelveliensis M.B.Viswan. (India: Evergreen tropical or subtropical forests of southern Western Ghats, at about 1200 m altitude. Tamil Nadu)
Balanophora involucrata Hook.f. (India: Cool montane coniferous forests, 1500 – 4500 m on Himalayas from Kashmir to NE. India and Peninsular India; Nepal, Bhutan, Tibet, China to E. Asian subcontinent)
Balanophora polyandra Griff. (India: Subtropical forests, 1000 – 3000 m. Sikkim, West Bengal, Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur and Maharashtra; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, SW. China)


Pl. go through Balanophora page (Balanophoraceae) with images of species in efloraofindia (mainly done by D S Rawat ji).

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

All images are correctly identified as per my knowledge.