Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh , Interpret. Rheede’s Hort. Malab. 106 1988. (syn. Baliospermum angulare Decne. ex Baill.; Baliospermum axillare Blume; Baliospermum indicum Decne.; Baliospermum montanum (Willd.) Müll.Arg.; Baliospermum moritzianum Baill.; Baliospermum pendulinum Pax; Baliospermum polyandrum Wight; Baliospermum raziana Keshaw, Murthy & Yogan.; Croton polyandrum Roxb.; Croton roxburghii Wall.; Croton solanifolius Burm.; Croton solanifolius Geiseler; Jatropha montana Willd.; Ricinus montanus (Willd.) Wall.);
China (SW. Yunnan) to Trop. Asia as per WCSP;
Assam; Bangladesh; China South-Central; East Himalaya; India; Jawa; Lesser Sunda
Is.; Malaya; Myanmar; Nepal; Sumatera; Thailand; Vietnam; West Himalaya as per Catalogue of life;
Keys from Flora of India Vol. 23:
1 a. Plants dioecious; upper leaves not appreciably smaller than leaves of lower nodes; inflorescences leafless; male disc glands distinct; ovary glabrous or sparsely pubescent; fruits depressed, not intruded at apex, 5 – 8 x 9 – 10 mm 1. B. calycinum
b. Plants mostly monoecious; upper leaves often appreciably smaller than leaves at lower nodes; inflorescences leafy; male disc glands connate into a cup; ovary tomentellous; fruits often turbinate-obovoid, intruded at apex, 8 – 10 x 11 – 13 mm 2. B. solanifolium
commonly known as: red physic nut, wild castor, wild croton, wild sultan seed • Bengali: দন্তী danti, দন্তিগাছ dantigaacha • Hindi: दन्ती danti • Kannada: ದಮ್ತಿ damti, ಕಾಡು ಹರಳು kaadu haralu, ನಾಗದಮ್ತಿ naagadamti • Konkani: baktumbo • Malayalam: ചെറിയദന്തി ceriyadanthi, നാഗദന്തി naagadanthi • Marathi: दंती danti, कातरी katari • Nepalese: अजय पाल ajaya pal, दुधे झार dudhe jhaar • Oriya: ଏକ ପ୍ରକାରର ଔଷଧ • Sanskrit: दन्ती danti, दन्तिका dantika, दीर्घ dirgha, एरण्डपत्रिका erandhapatrika, एरण्डफला erandhaphala, मकूलकः makulakah, नागदन्ती nagadanti, नागविन्ना nagavinna, निकुम्भः nikumbha, प्रत्यक्श्रेणी pratyaksreni, रेचनी rechani, रूक्षा ruksha, शीघ्रा shigra, विशल्य vishalya, उडुम्बरपर्णी udumbaraparni • Tamil: பேயாமணக்கு pey-amanakku • Telugu: అడవి ఆముదము adavi amudamu, కొండ ఆముదము kond amudamu, నేల జీడి nela jidi, నేపాళము nepalamu ;
I feel it is Chrozophora tinctoria. No more comment to offer
You may like to refer to plate no 256 of FLORA OF JAMMU AND PLANTS OF NEIGHBOR HOOD by Sharma and Kachroo. As a man without any formal training in botany I depend on plates in books for my purpose. I drew my conclusion from the plate I referred .
Kindly check for Baliospermum montanum.
The correct name of this plant is now Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh, B. montanum is a synonym
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Baliospermum solanifolium at Karnala Bird Sanctuary :: DV08 : 4 images. 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : 06112013 ARK-21 : Baliospermum montanum from Mumbai – February 2013 : Attachments (3). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Baliospermum solanifolium : MNP,Mumbai : 081113 : AK-46: Attachments (5). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Pictures of Red Physic Nut from Maharashtra Nature Park, Mumbai.
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Baliospermum montanum at Navi Mumbai :: PKA15:- : Attachments (11). 3 posts by 2 authors.
Bot. name: Baliospermum montanum
Date/Time: 16-02-2011 / 09:15AM
Now it is called Baliospermum solanifolium
Tree for ID (xii) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
It looks like Baliospermum solanifolium of Euphorbiaceae which is an undershrub. Not a tree.
Tree for ID (xii) : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).
It looks like Baliospermum solanifolium of Euphorbiaceae which is an undershrub. Not a tree
Yes it is Baliospermum solanifolium (Euphorbiaceae). A small perennial herb hardly reaching to 1m here in Pantnagar.
Thank you … this particular plant was much bigger than that. Located at FRLHT, Bangalore.
It is a common plant all over India.
medicinal plant for ID26082014VRW 2 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- north gujarat
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- university garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- shrub, may be tree?
Other Information like Fragrance, Pollinator, Uses etc.-medicinal plant? ficus?
Looks like Baliospermum montana (Euphorbiaceae).
wonders of seeds and stories ! : Attachments (3)
I noticed the capsules the day before yesterday. Fortunately, I didn’t have camera with me. “Fortunately”! You ask me why? If I had the camera with me I would had taken the pictures of all parts except those seeds. So, I returned home empty handed but with details of the plant in my brain cells. Started reading my copy of treasures – Roxburgh, Prain….. A few words of Flora Indica caught my attention, “Seeds exactly like those of Ricinus communis, but much smaller.” So, next day, i.e. yesterday I took camera with me and returned to that place I didn’t forget to take seed picture. Here is the seed of Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh.
yes … a minute or two ago I saw the full case you submitted, and I did think the seeds look uncannily like bherenda seeds/ castor beans… and now you say it here… great…
Feb2015sk19/39Hooghly : Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh / (Baliospermum axillare Blume) : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (16)
Thank you for showing the range of variation.
It is surprising that Sir Prain gave its distribution in “Chota Nagpur; Behar; Tirhut; N. Bengal; Chittagong”, not in our area. But there is a small community in a bamboo thicket near Dankuni.
Thank you very much for confirming.
It is a widespread species. I have seen specimens from South Bengal.
Once I thought I have covered most of the wild flowering plant species found in Hooghly, but now I am thinking that there must be more surprises awaiting for me to unfold in future.
when did Prain write and publish the book?
‘Bengal Plants’ was published in 1903.
The plant is, however, rare in South Bengal.
It is sad that this is the time when dry leaves and other dried weeds in bamboo thickets are burned to clear the places, and perhaps serve as manure. I have already seen patches of burned portion in that thicket. Since this is an annual practice I hope they will survive this year too.
Also, Sir, I have noticed that once common Croton bonplandianus Baill is now uncommon in our area!
ID request 140415SG : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4)
Requesting ID of following wine, about 5-7ft long. Photo taken on 13Mar15 near Pandharpur, Maharashtra.
Looks like a Dalechampia (Euphorbiaceae). Near D. tamnifolia but I have some doubts.
The last three pictures look very much like Baliospermum solanifolium. Not sure but…
The leaves are very similar to B. solanifolium but please consider that here it is a climber and the female pedicels are very short. I am myself puzzled about the identity and we have to look into other families also.
At present it is appearing interesting but we need further details and more suggestions about the possible identity.
May I request you to pl. send the original image of the first attachment.
Please note that the first image is of a climber.
location of plants from North India : 5 posts by 3 authors.
can anyone please guide me to the location of the following plants in Northern part of India?
i need these plants for extraction of some phytochemicals. can anyone please guide me where i can find these plants in North India?
Thanks, … I do not know if the relevant pages in EFI has any observations on these plants from North India.
thank you … according to my search also these plants have not been reported from North India. anyway let us wait for some observations from other members
“Northern India” or “North India” denote a vast area. Kindly specify the areas or States from where you want to know about the records of these plants!
Only first two plants from this list are reported to occur in H.P.
Croton ? SN 200218 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Wild herb from the margin of Agriculture field from sahdol area of MP
Yes, can be either Croton or Baliospermum sp.
Yes Sir. Baliospermum solanifolium.
Yes from me also.
Baliospermum montanum plant seeds : 2 posts by 1 author.
Can i know from where i could get Baliospermum montanum plant seeds ?
Pl. check Baliospermum solanifolium
ID request -16022011-PKA1: I had seen this climbing herb at CBD Belapur hills, Navi Mumbai.
Date/Time: 16-02-2011 / 09:15AM
– Baliospermum montanum … commonly known as: red physic nut, wild castor, wild croton, wild sultan seed • Bengali: দন্তী danti, দন্তিগাছ dantigaacha • Hindi: दन्ती danti • Kannada: ದಮ್ತಿ damti, ಕಾಡು ಹರಳು kaadu haralu, ನಾಗದಮ್ತಿ naagadamti • Konkani: baktumbo • Malayalam: ചെറിയദന്തി ceriyadanthi, നാഗദന്തി naagadanthi • Marathi: दंती danti, कातरी katari • Nepalese: अजय पाल ajaya pal, दुधे झार dudhe jhaar • Oriya: ଏକ ପ୍ରକାରର ଔଷଧ • Sanskrit: दन्ती danti, दन्तिका dantika, दीर्घ dirgha, एरण्डपत्रिका erandhapatrika, एरण्डफला erandhaphala, मकूलकः makulakah, नागदन्ती nagadanti, नागविन्ना nagavinna, निकुम्भः nikumbha, प्रत्यक्श्रेणी pratyaksreni, रेचनी rechani, रूक्षा ruksha, शीघ्रा shigra, विशल्य vishalya, उडुम्बरपर्णी udumbaraparni • Tamil: பேயாமணக்கு pey-amanakku • Telugu: అడవి ఆముదము adavi amudamu, కొండ ఆముదము kond amudamu, నేల జీడి nela jidi, నేపాళము nepalamu
– I had spotted 2 beetles on it and both gave good pose to my camera.
– They are not beetles but Jewel bugs [Chrysocoris stolli].
– This herbaceous shrub is not a climbing herb as much have observed in forests around Thane … though of course, the plant often grows slant up to a metre or two.
– This is very strange. Does this bug love Euphorbiaceae plants? If anyone can throw some light on this. May be it loves Euphorbian latex :))
– This bug and other relatives of this bug is a florivore. Generally they love to feed on flower buds at its tender stage sometimes I saw them feeding the nectary as well. My present study on Syzygium involves predation as
– Sending some of my photographs of the Jewel Bug [Chrysocoris stolli] taken at my farm at Shahapur.
Euphorbiaceae week- Baliospermum montanum – PKA1:
Bot. name: Baliospermum montanum
Common names: red physic nut, wild castor, wild crotonI
Date/Time: 16-02-2011 / 09:15AM
Location: CBD Belapur Hills, Navi Mumbai
Plant Habit: Shrub (around 1m long)
Flowers: Yellow, Flower head around 3 to 4mm.
This is definitely not a Barlaria. It belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae.
Thanks a lot … You guided me in correct direction. I searched the net and at the moment it looks close to Euphorbia dentata. but 3 sided seed pod on my plant is at leaf node. I am still searching.
uploading one more image here.
The photographs are bad. However, they look like Baliospermum solanifolium.
Yes, I too believe now it is Baliospermum solanifolium.
Baliospermum solanifolium :: Nagla block of SGNP :: 21 DEC 19 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 4 images.
Nagla forest … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 21, 2019 … Altitude: sea level to about 600 ft asl
Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh
Plant for ID : Flower Show, Mumbai : 02NOV20 : AK-03 : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Plant seen at the Flower Show in Feb this year.
237 ID wild plant: 18 images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: near Vannappuram Thodupuzha Idukki Dist. Kerala PIN:685607
Flower date: 13.12.2021, 02.55pm
Habitat: wild, moisture, waste land, roadside
Plant habit: creeping or erect obliquely branches, weak semi-fleshy green stem 01cm base diameter, perennial
Height: 03 meters feet
Leaves: alternate, ovate, apex, soft, serrated margins, size:20×10cm
Flower: racemose, size, diameter:03mm, yellow, lite fragrance
Fruit: triangular green into brown, diameter:11mm
Camera: mobile Samsung Galaxy A21s
My plant is Baliospermum montanum,
It is an important medicinal plant used in Ayurveda !