Bischofia javanica Blume, Bijdr. 1168 1827. (syn: Andrachne apetala Roxb. ex Wall.; Andrachne trifoliata Roxb.; Bischofia cummingiana Decne.; Bischofia javanica var. lanceolata Müll.Arg.; Bischofia javanica var. oblongifolia (Decne.) Müll.Arg.; Bischofia javanica var. toui (Decne.) Müll.Arg.; Bischofia leptopoda Müll.Arg.; Bischofia oblongifolia Decne.; Bischofia roeperiana Decne.; Bischofia toui Decne; Bischofia trifoliata (Roxb.) Hook.; Microelusroep erianus (Decne.) Wight & Arn.; Phyllanthus gymnanthus Baill.; Stylodiscus trifoliatus (Roxb.) Benn.);
Trop. & Subtrop. Asia to S. Pacific: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Philippines, Queensland, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Solomon Is., Sulawesi, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tonga, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya as per POWO;
Common name: Bishop Wood, Tiger tree • Assamese: Urium • Bengali: Kainjal • Garo: Asri, Bolasri, Thichri • Hindi: Bhillar, पनियाला Paniala, Kein, Kanji • Kannada: Goparini, ಗೊಬ್ರನೇರಳೆ Gobbara nerale, ನೀಲಿಮರ Neeli mara, ನಿಗುರುಳ್ಳೆ Nigurulle • Khasi: Dieng jamew, Dieng soh tung • Malayalam: Nili, Cholavenga, Thiruppu, Mlachethayan • Manipuri: ꯊꯩꯆꯥꯛ Theichak • Marathi: Boke • Mizo: Khuangthli, Khauangthli • Oriya: Dingiri • Tamil: Thondi, Milachityan • Telugu: Nalupu-musthi, Panta;
Bischofia javanica (bishop wood)
the tree is in flowering these days and its also the time for it to produce new leaves. but the inflorescence is all you will see on a tree as the tree flowers more than simply profusely…. attaching a closeup and a bunch
– find the plant (Bischofia javanica) in a vegitative stage to support .. reproductive view of the same species. I have taken the photograph from Baisipalli wildlife sanctuary, Nayagarh, orissa.
amit tree uid:
– This could perhaps be Bishofia javanica, supossed to be growing along streams, sub-himalayan region
– this plant is indeed Bischofia javanica
– Bischofia javanica is in honour of G.W. Bischoff, a professor at Heidelberg in the early 19th century; javanica
-Java, referring to its place of origin. Commonly called Bishop wood tree, Java Cedar, Euphorbiaceae family.
– Would like to inform the group that this tree Bischofia javanica Blume is now in Phyllanthaceae family as per Kewplant list. Earlier it was in Euphorbiaceae as also informed in my post.
ID No. 05042011 RD08:
Help me to identify this wild tree sp.
Date/Time- 5/4/2011- 11 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Buxa Tiger Reserve, West Bengal,
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type– Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tall-Moderate Tree
Inflorescence Type/ Size- as seen in the photos
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Greenish white,
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- not seen
SYMBIOSIS : 84:
Here is the image of the 84th member of the series. In this a Redvented Bulbul is on the fruits of Bischofia javanica.
Bischofia javanica : Confirm ID : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 210413 : AK : Attachments (3). 5 posts by 3 authors.
A huge tree at Lalbagh Botanical Gardens.
Pictures taken in March,2013.
Name suggests Bischofia javanica.
Experts kindly validate.
Yes it is
Not aware of the tree so far.
On searching it belongs to family Phyllanthaceae and is found in Assam China South east Asia and Australia.
Euphorbiaceae fortnight :: Phyllanthaceae :: Bischofia javanica at Anshi :: DV09 : 3 images. 6 posts by 4 authors.
Bischofia javanica Blume … Phyllanthaceae, Euphorbiaceae s. l.
at Anshi on 25 MAY 13
Good posting and correctly identified.
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Bischofia javanica, Blume <=> Bishopwood Tree – Bangalore – RA: Attachments (8 + 4). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Bishop Wood is an evergreen or semi evergreen woody tree with a maximum height of 40 m and diameter of 2.3 m.
The relatively short trunk is erect, but branches are low. Though coarse at maturity, the bark is nearly smooth, grayish brown to brown, and 1 cm thick, and contains a red milky sap that becomes a resinous semi-solid when dried.
Leaves are trifoliate, rarely palmate, with stalk 8-20 cm in length. Each papery leaflet may be ovate, elliptic, subovate, or elliptic-ovate, 7-15 cm long and 4-8 cm wide, pointed and broadly wedge-shaped to obtuse at base, with two to three teeth per centimeter along the serrated margin. The stalk of the terminal leaflet is 2-5 cm in length, while that of lateral leaflet is 5-20 mm.
Small greenish-yellow flowers are borne on dioecious panicles in leaf axils. The male inflorescence is 8-13 cm long and pubescent to glabrous, while the female inflorescence is 15-17 cm long and pendant.
Appearing in August to October, berry-like fruits are light brown, globular or subglobular, 6-13 mm in diameter, containing oblong seeds 5 mm in length.
EUPHORBIACEAE FORTNIGHT: Bischofia javanica from Uttarakhand_DSR_05 : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Bischofia javanica Blume is a large tree occurring in Tarai region and up to mid hills of Uttarakhand.
Photographed near Kathgodam, Uttarakhand
Euphorbiaceae Fortnight : Bischofia javanica : Lalbagh,Bangalore : 141113 : AK-90 : Attachments (3). 2 posts by 2 authors.
Bischofia javanica , commonly known as ‘Toog Tree’ seen at Lalbagh Botanical Gardens, Bangalore.
The identity is written on the board.
Its huge tree seen at Anshi WLS (Karnataka).
Bot. Name: Bischofia javanica
Fwd: [efloraofindia:188308] Tree Id from Bangladesh 130514SM1 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Some details from another thread:
Habitat: Swamp place along the water bodies
I have collected the sample. I have seen it several location of Barisal city and Barisal district environs. The local people known as the tree is Uri Aum. The tree always prefer wet place. I found all of the trees near pond, canal. The wood is using for making Boat and its lasting very long. “
Yes, I also think so, and it took much time to decide that leaves can be trifoliolate!
Anshi Ghat :: Bischofia javanica :: DVFEB28/61 : 5 posts by 3 authors. 5 images.
Anshi Ghat … Karnataka
Date: 25 MAY 2013 … Altitude: 340 – 380 m asl
Bischofia javanica Blume … (family: Euphorbiaceae, Phyllanthaceae)
Seems to be Bischofia javanica
Wonderful photography once again.
BISCHOFIA JAVANICA : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Bischofia javanica (KAINJAL).
nice collage. do you have flower pictures, …?
Tree for id from AJCB Garden, Howrah :: NS March 2020-05 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
Can identification for this tree be suggested based on the attached pics, which were recorded from Acharya Jagdish Chandra Bose Botanical Garden, Howrah, West Bengal, recorded in February, 2020??
Bischofia javanica, Phyllanthaceae,
BISCHOFIA JAVANICA : 1 image.
Attaching a collage of Bischofia javanica (KAINJAL). The fruits are relished by Green pigeon, Blue throated Barbet, Bulbuls and other birds.
Bischofia javanica from Lal Bagh Bangalore-GS17052022-1: 4 very high res. images.
SK 3845 29 August 2023: 9 high res. images.
Location: Tulsipur – Purandara-Botechaur Road, Surkhet, West Nepal
Date: 30 May 2023
Habit : Wild
Bischofia javanica Blume [Phyllanthaceae]. Female tree.
POWO Catalogue of Life WCSP Flora of China FOC illustration Annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal Flora of Peninsular India Flowers of India