Brassica juncea (L.) Czern., Consp. pl. charc. 8. 1859 Mar (E. Cosson, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 6(8):609. 1860 Jan)

 (syn: (=) Brassica besseriana Andrz.m; Brassica cernua (Thunb.) F. B. Forbes & Hemsl. [= Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; (≡) Brassica chenopodiifolia Sennen & Pau; Brassica integrifolia (H. West) Rupr. [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. integrifolia]; Brassica juncea var. agrestis Prain [= Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; “Brassica juncea var. capitata M. Tsen & S. H. Lee, nom. nud.” [= Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; Brassica juncea var. cuneifolia (Roxb.) Kitam. [= Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; Brassica juncea var. foliosa L. H. Bailey [= Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. subintegrifolia]; Brassica juncea var. gracilis M. Tsen & S. H. Lee [= Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; Brassica juncea var. megarrhiza M. Tsen & S. H. Lee [= Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]; Brassica juncea var. multisecta L. H. Bailey [= Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; Brassica juncea var. napiformis (Pailleux & Bois) Kitam. [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]; (previously associated with 9 accessions); Brassica juncea var. oleifera Prain [= Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; Brassica juncea subsp. rugosa (Roxb.) Prain [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa] (previously associated with 10 accessions); “Brassica juncea var. tsatsai ined.” [= Brassica juncea subsp. tsatsai var. tumida]; Brassica napiformis (Pailleux & Bois) L. H. Bailey [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis] (previously associated with 2 accessions); Brassica rugosa (Roxb.) L. H. Bailey [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; (previously associated with 4 accessions); (≡) Brassica timoriana (DC.) F. Muell.; Sinapis cernua Thunb. [= Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; Sinapis cuneifolia Roxb. [= Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; Sinapis integrifolia H. West [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. integrifolia]; Sinapis japonica Thunb. [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. japonica]; Sinapis juncea L. [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. juncea]; Sinapis juncea var. napiformis Pailleux & Bois [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. napiformis]; Sinapis rugosa Roxb. [≡ Brassica juncea subsp. integrifolia var. rugosa]; (≡) Sinapis timoriana DC.);

 
brown mustard, Indian mustard, leaf mustard • Assamese: jatilai • Bengali: সর্ষপ sarsapa • Hindi: सर्षप sarshap, सरसों sarson • Kannada: ಸಾಸಿವೆ saasive, ಸರ್ಷಪ sarshapa • Kashmiri: सर्शफ् sarshaph • Konkani: सास्सम sassama • Malayalam: സര്‍ഷപം sarshapam • Manipuri: hangam • Marathi: मोहरी mohari, राई rai • Sanskrit: राजिका rajika, सर्षप sarshapa • Tamil: கடுகு katuku • Telugu: సర్షపము sarsapamu, సాసువులు sasuvulu • Urdu: سرشف sarshaf; 

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SK1376 21AUG 2018 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (8) – around 400 kb each.

Location: Godavari, Nepal
Altitude : 5000 ft.
Date: 24 July 2018

Habit :  Wild  

Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J. Koch  ???


You have become a distinguished Flora photographer with such beautiful black backgrounds and superb details of the plant parts.


I am not sure. Pl. check:
Also check keys at
http://www.efloras.org/object_page.aspx?object_id=115451&flora_id=5


Seed pods are at an early stage and young and somewhat resembles with your link: 

but I am not sure too.


Looks different from images of Brassica nigra as per … thread at Three similar crucifers with appressed fruits  


Brassica campestris is possible. 


Does not look like match to with Brassica rapa L. …!


Oh I meant B. juncea.


You may be right …!
Brassicaceae (mustard, or cabbage family) » Brassica juncea
… many subspecies and varieties 
BRAS-ee-ka — from the classical Latin name for cabbage
JUN-kee-uh — rush-like
Distribution: widely naturalized; widely cultivated
Edible use:
… leaves
, the seeds, and the stem are edible Wikipedia<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brassica_juncea>


 
fruits & Vegetables Week: Brassica juncea, Brown mustardBrassica juncea (L.) Czern, the brown mustard, Indian mustard, oilseed mustard, rai or raya,
commonly cultivated for leaves used as vegetable and seeds as oil seed.


 

 

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02/11/2012 Pune
Requesting identification of this plant growing wild along the wall of a well in a private society.

Approx dimensions as the well is fenced, height about 10 cm above the wall, leaf 3 cm x 2.5 cm, flower 4-5 mm with 4 petals. Is this Brassica napus?


I hope Brassica juncea

leaves not amplexicaule, pedicel longer than calyx.


 

 

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I found this plant on railway track.


Species : UNKNOWN


H & H : herb on rail-tracks


Date : 28/2/12
Place : Hooghly


I hope Brassica juncea


 

 

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Brassicaceae week : !!! mustard and ghost !!! (Hooghly): We have a Bengali saying, “SORSHE-R MODHYE BHUT !”

Here SORSHE = mustard, MODHYE = inside, and BHUT = ghost. 
First, something about ghosts, our ghosts are not the European or Sam type! Ours are very much human, sans body, and often humane too! After death men become BHUT (BRAHMODOTYI, if he is a Brahmin) and women become PETNI (SANKHCHUNNI, if she belongs to Brahmin caste)!!! In those older days there were also some other ghosts, MECHO-BHUT (fish loving type), GECHO-BHUT (always stays on trees), PENCHO-BHUT (crazy type), SIRINGE-BHUT (tall lamboo ji type), SKANDO-KATA (without head) etc!
Sometimes one or two Bhut become wicked and they enter into the body of good people. Then the affected person goes crazy and you need to call a OJHA to get rid of that wicked Bhut. I have heard that an OJHA burns mustard seeds to drive away the wicked Bhut out of the affected body!
But what happens when the Bhut stays inside the mustard seed itself ?
Nobody can answer! Or, maybe men-in-power do have an answer!
Well, everybody knows how important oil-seed it is, and condiment. SORSHE is essential in our everyday life –
  • the only oil used in our cooking
  • Hilsa cannot be a hilsa without mustard oil and/or seeds
  • there won’t be any pickle except some bland tasted sweet ones
  • no mouth watering Kasundi without mustard
  • leaves are used as SHAK sometimes
  • mustard oil is believed to keep your skin afresh & smooth, hair strong & black, clear mucus from nasal channel, give relief from cough & cold when applied by gentle massage on the chest & back etc
  • babies were kept in pillows made from mustard seeds, replacing the cotton fibres ( i forget why, possibly to maintain symmetry of the skull shape)
  • ……and many many more that i fail to remember now
Let’s move now to botanical aspect of this species. I found a few plants today (10/11/12) on a railway platform, perhaps some employee sowed some seeds there, along with a few other vegetables.


Species : Brassica juncea L. ?


H & H : cultivated plant of about 5 feet high
Date : 10/11/12


Place : Hooghly
Lastly, what ghosts become after death? No prize for guessing…….. good night


Yes Brassica juncea


 

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Brassicaceae Week: Brassica juncea from Gurgaon:  Brassica juncea (Linn.) Czern. et Coss. in Czern., Conspect. Fl. Chark. 8. 1859.

Syn: Sinapsis juncea L.
Cultivated.
The species is characterised by hairy and sparsely bristly lower leaves green, with 1-3 pairs of very small basal lobes, terminal lobe with sharply toothed margin, upper leaves narrowed at base not auricled, flowers with 8-11 long yellow petals, fruiting pedicel divaricate, fruit 3-5 cm long, beak 5-15 mm long, seedless; seed 1-1.7 mm.
Photographs of Brassica juncea from Gurgaon,

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Brassicaceae Week :: Brassica juncea at Vaghbil: Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. 

BRAS-ee-ka — from the classical Latin name for cabbage
JUN-kee-uh — rush-like

commonly known as: brown mustard, Indian mustard, leaf mustard • Assamese: jatilai • Bengali: সর্ষপ sarsapa • Hindi: सर्षप sarshap, सरसों sarson • Kannada: ಸಾಸಿವೆ saasive, ಸರ್ಷಪ sarshapa • Kashmiri: सर्शफ् sarshaph • Konkani: सास्सम sassama • Malayalam: സര്‍ഷപം sarshapam • Manipuri: hangam • Marathi: मोहरी mohari, राई rai • Sanskrit: राजिका rajika, सर्षप sarshapa • Tamil: கடுகு katuku • Telugu: సర్షపము sarsapamu, సాసువులు sasuvulu • Urdu: سرشف sarshaf
Distribution: widely naturalized; widely cultivated

References: Flowers of IndiaWikipediaENVIS – FRLHT  
at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra on 15 NOV 08 


Wow, Nice one. (Even though the meaning of the Muhawara “Rai ka Pahad Banana” is “to make an issue of things which could be very well left alone”, here in this week with so many beautiful, informative and interesting post of Mustard (Rai), we had made a big mountain of Rai…”

 

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MNP, Apr 2014 :: Requesting ID of this plant :: 16JUL14 :: ARK-14 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4).   

Requesting to please ID this plant captured in MNP, Mumbai in Apr 2014.


Brassica sp. [Brassicaceae].


Thank you …, hoping to get species level ID…


Brassica juncea I hope


 

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ARJUL40 Brassica sp.? : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).  


My mother planted this mustard plant but not able to find its scientific name
Bangalore 22nd July


Brassica juncea


The plant is Indian Mustard whose botanical name is Brassica juncea


 

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Crucifer for ID from Delhi-GS27012020-1 : 2 posts by 1 author. Attachments (3)
Please help with the ID of this crucifer, barely 15-20 cm tall, pod 3-4 cm long, thick, 5-7 segmented and long beak slightly shorter than main body, growing in a pot, Delhi, January 8, 2014.  


Appears to be stunted form of Brassica juncea


 

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For ID12022020RK1-please help in identification : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2)
Please help in identification of this. It’s a local green leafy vegetable consumed in Arunachal Pradesh.
Local name- Gya Hama
Date- 11th February, 2020
Place- Village Old Ziro, Arunachal Pradesh

Looks like a kind of lettuce.


Lettuce (Lactuca sativa )- a variety


Learn Tanii gives as
Gyiyañ Hamañ : Brassica juncea var.


the prominent white wide vein in the leaf basal half is a dead giveaway that we are dealing with Brassicaceae leaf, often at the very early leaves.
look ar Bok choy, mustard varieties, some early cabbage, cauliflower leaves, even collard greens have this same kind of wide white soft to touch vein,
I do not know what this will turn out to be when it grows, the upper leaves will develop differently.
I will go with Brassicaceae leaf in early life of the plant and I have found the learn tani site to be useful.
so i will go with them. they know their local life and flora.


Brassica juncea. Very common and important vegetable of Nepal !

Raayo Saag in Nepali !




References:


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