Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 250 (1833).
Centrosis sylvatica Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822).
Bletia sylvatica (Thouars) Bojer, Hortus Maurit.: 318 (1837).
Alismorkis centrosis (Thouars) Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 49 (1840).
Centrosis corymbosa Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822).
Centrosis plantaginea Thouars, Hist. Orchid.: t. 35 (1822).
Amblyglottis emarginata Blume, Bijdr.: 369 (1825).
Bletia masuca D.Don, Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 30 (1825).
Zoduba masuca (D.Don) Buch.-Ham., Prodr. Fl. Nepal.: 30 (1825).
Centrosia aubertii A.Rich., Mém. Soc. Hist. Nat. Paris 4: 40 (1828).
Calanthe emarginata (Blume) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 249 (1833).
Calanthe masuca (D.Don) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 249 (1833).
Calanthe purpurea Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl.: 249 (1833).
Calanthe sylvestris Lindl. ex Steud., Nomencl. Bot., ed. 2, 1: 253 (1840).
Calanthe sylvatica var. natalensis Rchb.f., Linnaea 19: 374 (1846).
Calanthe natalensis (Rchb.f.) Rchb.f., Bonplandia (Hannover) 4: 322 (1856).
Calanthe corymbosa (Thouars) Lindl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 6: 129 (1862).
Calanthe wightii Rchb.f. in W.G.Walpers, Ann. Bot. Syst. 6: 932 (1864).
Calanthe textorii Miq., Ann. Mus. Bot. Lugduno-Batavi 2: 204 (1866).
Calanthe pleiochroma Rchb.f., Gard. Chron. 1871: 938 (1871).
Calanthe versicolor Lindl., Sert. Orchid.: 42 (1871).
Calanthe curtisii Rchb.f., Gard. Chron., n.s., 22: 262 (1884).
Alismorkis emarginata (Blume) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis masuca (D.Don) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis natalensis (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis plantaginea (Thouars) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis pleiochroma (Rchb.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis purpurea (Lindl.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Alismorkis textorii (Miq.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 650 (1891).
Calanthe sanderiana Rolfe, Gard. Chron., III, 12: 396 (1892), nom. illeg.
Calanthe delphinioides Kraenzl., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 17: 55 (1893).
Calanthe volkensii Rolfe in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 7: 46 (1897).
Calanthe masuca var. sinensis Rendle, J. Bot. 40: 310 (1902).
Calanthe violacea Rolfe, Bull. Misc. Inform. Kew 1913: 29 (1913).
Calanthe neglecta Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 570 (1915).
Calanthe stolzii Schltr., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 53: 569 (1915).
Calanthe sylvatica var. pallidipetala Schltr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 33: 166 (1924).
Calanthe longicalcarata Hayata ex Yamam., Trans. Nat. Hist. Soc. Taiwan 20: 39 (1930).
Calanthe seikooensis Yamam., J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 3: 237 (1931).
Calanthe schliebenii Mansf., Notizbl. Bot. Gart. Berlin-Dahlem 11: 808 (1933).
Calanthe kintaroi Yamam., J. Soc. Trop. Agric. 6: 550 (1934).
Calanthe okinawensis f. albiflora Ida, J. Geobot. 16: 99 (1969).
Calanthe furcata f. masuca (D.Don) M.Hiroe, Orchid Flowers 2: 87 (1971).
Calanthe furcata f. textorii (Miq.) M.Hiroe, Orchid Flowers 2: 88 (1971).
Calanthe masuca f. albiflora (Ida) K.Nakaj., Biol. Mag. 8: 77 (1971).
Calanthe textorii f. albiflora (Ida) Hatus., Fl. Ryukyus: 862 (1971).
Calanthe textorii var. longicalcarata (Hayata ex Yamam.) Garay & H.R.Sweet, Orchids S. Ryukyu Is.: 121 (1974).
Calanthe masuca var. purpurea (Lindl.) Rao & S.R.Rathore in S.K.Jain & A.Mehrotra, Prelim. Invent. Orchidac. India: 25 (1984).
Calanthe candida Bosser, Bull. Mus. Natl. Hist. Nat., B, Adansonia 11: 34 (1989).
Calanthe sylvatica var. geerinckiana Stévart, Syst. Geogr. Pl. 70: 147 (2000).
Tropical & S. Africa, W. Indian Ocean: Angola, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Comoros, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Réunion, Sierra Leone, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe as per POWO;
Common name: Forest Calanthe • Nepali: पाखा फूल Pakha phool;


Calanthe sylvatica by … from Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve II

Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. 
From gardens in our nursery at WII, Dehradun by …


Another picture for 140610 ET:
Avalanche near Nilgiri– May’10? by …

Reply to my mail 140610 ET: Reply to 140610ET

Yes this is Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl..

Orchids of Assam:
Calanthe sylvatica (Thou.) Lindl. is now flowering,
from Jeypur R.F., Assam.
Syn name,
Calanthe masuca (D. Don) Lindl. from Jeypur R.F., Assam.


To share 140610 ET:
This flowers picture I took on 13.5.10 during Nature camp to the
Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve – near Avalanche- Kunda Forest
Reserve-Mukurthi National Park.
Date/Time—-/13.5.10 —-7.00 am
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- —— Avalanche- Kunda Forest Reserve
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- ——Wild
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- ————-Shurb
Height/Length- —————–1 meter
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size—-
6 inch
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- — White—–10 mm

Looks like Calanthe sylvatica (Orchidaceae). Pl validate.

The plant do apparently looks like Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl. but its hard to confirm as in all the pictures the flowers are over exposed or distorted. I will kindly request … to post any other picture/s of the plant if available with him.

Another picture I am not able to resize, i send another mail as “Reply to 140610 ET”

Yes this is Calanthe sylvatica (Thouars) Lindl..


Orchidaceae fortnight :: Calanthe for ID:: Nilgiris :: MK01 : Attachments (9). 4 posts by 4 authors. 
Please help me to identify this ground Orchid. I noticed a good population as shady undergrowth. The habitat is an evergreen forest. Height of plant with scape is up to one metre.
Leaf: up to 30cm long
Place: Kothagiri RF, Nilgiris, TN
Date: 16 Aug 2013 (seen flowering in mid of July too)
Alt.: 2200 m asl

These are Calanthe sylvatica!!! Beautiful coloured orchid. Thanks a lot for sharing.

Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames SN Oct 16 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Calanthe triplicata (Willemet) Ames, terrestrial orchid observed from Nilgiri area of Tamilnadu

No sir, I think this is Calanthe masuca.

Calanthe sylvatica- Assam: 1 high res. image.
Calanthe sylvatica
Behali Reserve Forest, Biswanath, Assam, India