Calotropis procera (Aiton) W. T. Aiton, Hortus Kew. 2: 78 1811. (Syn: Apocynum syriacum Garsault [Invalid]; Apocynum syriacum S.G.Gmel. (Unresolved); Asclepias gigantea Jacq.; Asclepias gigantea Willd. [Illegitimate]; Asclepias patula Decne.; Asclepias procera Aiton; Calotropis busseana K.Schum.; Calotropis gigantea var. procera (Aiton) P.T.Li; Calotropis heterophylla Wall.; Calotropis heterophylla Wall. ex Wight; Calotropis inflexa Chiov.; Calotropis persica Gand.; Calotropis procera (Aiton) R. Br.; Calotropis syriaca Woodson; Calotropis wallichii Wight; Madorius procerus (Aiton) Kuntze);
commonly known as: apple of Sodom, auricula tree, calotrope, Dead Sea apple, desert wick, giant milkweed, king’s crown, rooster tree, rubber bush, small crownflower, Sodom apple • Bengali: আকন্দ akanda • Gujarati: આકડો aakdo • Hindi: अर्क arka, अर्की arki, मुदर mudar, सफ़ैद आक safed-ak • Kannada: bili yekkada gida, kempu ekka • Malayalam: ചിറ്റെരിക്ക് chiterikk • Marathi: अर्क arka, अर्की arki • Sanskrit: अलर्क alarka, अर्क arka, अर्की arki, श्वेतार्क shwetarka • Tamil: வெள்ளை எருக்கு vellai erukku, வெள்ளெருக்கு vellerukku • Telugu: అలర్కశాకము alarkasakamu, జిల్లేడు jilledu ;
C. procera: Flower buds subglobose; corolla 1.5-2 cm across; lobes broadly ovate or ovate-triangular, 0.7-1 cm long; corona lobes equalling or exceeding gynostegium, straight on back above spur; apex bifid without auricles.
C. gigantea: Flower buds cylindrical; corolla 2.5-3.5 cm across; lobes long ovate or oblong, 1-1.5 cm long, reflexed; corona lobes shorter than gynostegium, curved on back above spur; apex rounded with two auricles.
The corona highly elevated like a pyramid sometimes even above the petals…..C.gigantea.
Petals high above the corona which is near bottom of the flower…………………..C. procera
Flower buds like “modak” (during Ganesha festival, modaks are made) – C. gigantea
Flower buds like “pedha”. (I am sure every one knows the shape of Pedha) ………….C. procera..

Calotropis procera from Panipat : Calotropis procera from Panipat


SYMBIOSIS: This the time one can see butterflies on Calotropis. Attaching an image of Plain Tiger on Calotropis.

– it looks like Calotropis procera., akondo in Bengali , and akdo in gujaratithe flowers of which are garlanded for Shiv Pujas.


ID request: (mixed thread): Taken at road side in Gurgaon (Haryana). June 2011. Kindly Id. 

yes it is Calotropis procera (Ait.) R.Br. of family Asclepediaceae,

Taken at Uttrakhand
kindly Id.

I think this pic is of Oenothera rosea, a plant commonly seen in the hills during summer



Calotropis procera from Panipat: Calotropis procera from Panipat

In Hindi it is Aak or akoawa.


041111PD03 Calotropis procera Flora of Orissa: during an interaction with tribal healers, i came across the use of this plant though very common, the flowers are very sweet. It has got lot of important medicinal uses in tribal therapy in Ranpur

Name of the species: Calotropis procera
place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa

Altitude: 100 to 400 m above msl

lovely capture again. Reminds me of Rui leaves the garland of which is offered to Lord Hanuman.


Flora of Madhya Pradesh: Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. from RDU Jabalpur and Bhedaghat Jabalpur:

Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand. from RDU Jabalpur and Bhedaghat Jabalpur
Two varieties seen in Jabalpur both treated as Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand
But looks little diffrent from each other
A. Small shrub flowering bud broader than length
B. Large shrub like C gigantea Flower bud longer

Pls clarify


I think it is C. gigantea

Please see this mail of mine

Last five are C procera except last one. Some people in Tirupati as well as in Jabalpur told me this as C procera so thought like This. Now point is cleared that C gigantea may also be in violet color

Yes all six marked (A) are C. procera

thanks for confirmation Sir

More Pics from Maihar MP

Yes … Thanks for another complete set.

SYMBIOSIS SPECIAL ( CALOTROPIS ) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)

In the attached collage there is one butterfly visiting flowers of Calotropis gigantia and 7 butterfly species visiting flowers of Calotropis procera.

Calotropis for ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Please identify the calotropis in the picture.

Calotropis procera

Calotropis procera :: all Jodhpur :: 24 OCT 18 : 10 posts by 6 authors. 3 images.

Jodhpur  urban

Date: October 24, 2018 … Altitude: about 230 m (750 feet) asl
Calotropis procera  (Aiton) Dryand.

Simply SUPERB !  By the by I wish to know simple ID clues to differentiate C.procera  and C.gigantea. Though there are keys to differentiate, I want to know how one can ID in the filed without the help of keys.

Thanks … for the appreciation. Please see if following picture of comparison between two species is helpful …

Calotropis procera :: all Jaisalmer :: 25 OCT 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 2 images.

Jaisalmer  … the golden city

Date: October 25, 2018 … Altitude: about 225 m (740 feet) asl
Calotropis procera  (Aiton) Dryand.


466 ID wild plant Calotropis: 9 high res. images.
Please ID wild plant,
Location: bloomed at Amritsar Railway Station Punjab INDIA
Altitude: 770fsl
Flower date: 15APR2023, 12.55pm
Habitat: wild moisture wasteland
Plant habit: shrub, erect, branches, semi hard cylindrical stem 08 inches base circumference, silverish old bark, latex, strange smelling, perennial
Height: 02 meters
Leaves: opposite elliptic acute fleshy soft smooth flexible size upto:15×10cm
Flower: axillary/terminal umbel inflorescence, 04 petals, diameter:25mm, white with violet shade, non fragrant
Camera: CANON EOS1500D +FL10x

Calotropis procera (Aiton) Aiton fil.

Yes, it is Calotropis procera, dear Saroj ji, thank you very much for ID my plant


Apocynaceae: Calotropis procera (Aiton) W.T. Aiton: 2 high res. images.

synonym: Calotropis procera (Aiton) Dryand.
location/date: (1) Tarubanda village, Melghat Wildlife Sancuary, Amravati Distr., Maharashtra, November 1994; (2, fruit) Tumkur Distr., Karnataka, July 1997