Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook.f. & Thomson (Images by Prashant Awale & Mahadeswara Swamy (Placed here by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))




Cananga odorata var. fruticosa (Craib) J.Sinclair (Images by Satsih Phadke (Id by Vijayasanakr Raman & Tabish) & Aarti S Khale (Validated by Mahadeaswara Swamy) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos click on the links))


Differences as per efi thread:
Cananga odorata var. fruticosa, dwarf ylang-ylang, grows as small tree or compact shrub with highly scented flowers
dwarf variety is called Cananga odorata var. fruticosa

Differences as per efi thread:
The main difference is size: var. odorata being a tree 3-6 m tall whereas var. fruticosa is a shrub only 1-2 m tall.

A conspectus of Indo-Burmese Annonaceae by I. M. Turner- Nordic
Journal of Botany 33: 257–299, 2015-

Species in India with

Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook. f. & Thomson Burma: Kurz (1877), otherwise widely cultivated throughout the region and possibly naturalizing locally in Sri Lanka

A synopsis of Annonaceae in Indian subcontinent by SR KUNDU (pdf-23 pages)- Thaiszia – J. Bot., Košice, 16: 63-85, 2006. :
Cananga odorata (Lam.) Hook . f . & Thoms. in Fl . Ind. 130. 1855.: India, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Philippines, Laos , Australia, New Zealand.


Floral Database of Tamilnadu


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name English name

(Lam.) Hook. f. & Thoms.
Tree Plains,
Cultivated, Native of Indo – Chinese Region
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All districts Siru Shenbhagam Perfume Tree,
Cananga Tree, Ylang-Ylang

FRLHT Indian
Medicinal Plants Nomenclature Database with images/ herbarium, distribution,
local names etc.


Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name

Cananga odorata Uvaria odorata Annonaceae Ylang Ylang
Cananga odorata var. fruticosa Cananga fruticosa, Cananga kirkii Annonaceae Dwarf Ylang Ylang
Mansfeld’s Encyclopedia of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: (Except … edited by Peter Hanelt, Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (2001)- Details-

Cananga 2 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cananga

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

Cananga genus is represented by only one species (C. odorata) in India.

Pl. go through Cananga (Annonaceae) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.