Canarium ovatum Engl., Monogr. Phan. 4: 110 1883. (syn: Canarium melioides Elmer; Canarium pachyphyllum G.Perkins);

Canarium ovatum, commonly known as pili (/pl/ pee-LEE), is a species of tropical tree belonging to the genus Canarium. It is one of approximately 600 species in the family Burseraceae. Pili are native to maritime Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea, and Northern Australia. They are commercially cultivated in the Philippines for their edible nuts.

The pili tree is an attractive symmetrically shaped evergreen, averaging 20 m (66 ft) tall with resinous wood and resistance to strong winds. It is dioecious, with flowers borne on cymose inflorescence at the leaf axils of young shoots. As in papaya and rambutan, functional hermaphrodites exist in pili. Pollination is by insects. Flowering of pili is frequent and fruits ripen through a prolonged period of time. The ovary contains three locules, each with two ovules, most of the time only one ovule develops (Chandler 1958).

The pili fruit is a drupe, 4 to 7 cm (1.6 to 2.8 in) long, 2.3 to 3.8 cm (0.91 to 1.50 in) in diameter, and weighs 15.7 to 45.7 g (0.035 to 0.101 lb). The skin (exocarp) is smooth, thin, shiny, and turns purplish black when the fruit ripens; the pulp (mesocarp) is fibrous, fleshy, and greenish yellow in color, and the hard shell (endocarp) within protects a normally dicotyledonous embryo. The basal end of the shell (endocarp) is pointed and the apical end is more or less blunt; between the seed and the hard shell (endocarp) is a thin, brownish, fibrous seed coat developed from the inner layer of the endocarp. This thin coat usually adheres tightly to the shell and/or the seed. Much of the kernel weight is made up of the cotyledons, which are about 4.1 to 16.6% of the whole fruit; it is composed of approximately 8% carbohydrate, 11.5 to 13.9% protein, and 70% fat. Kernels from some trees may be bitter, fibrous or have a turpentine odor.

(from Wikipedia on 2.3.16)

Tree for ID 210710 SI : 8 posts by 7 authors. Attachments (2)
Posting this tree again with some more info. Large erect tree, 10-15 m tall. Roots butressed, bark light coloured. Leaves pinnate, 30-40 cm, stipules foliaceous, 3 cm, oblong; leaflets opposite 3-5 pairs, elliptic, 10-15 cm, acuminate, rounded at base. Flowers not seen, possibly in high canopy. Fruits ellipsoid, 3 cm, pointed at apex, with 3 lobed persistent calyx; seed 3 ribbed.
Location Empress Garden, Pune

I hope some kind of Terminalia sp!!

I think this is a Meliaceae member

Could it be Canarium (C. album)? Not sure but…

is it ‘Melia dubia’ ? In marathi it is called as ‘Kadu Khajur’. Fruits are quite similar that I have seen before. May be! Discription and photos of the bark may also helpful

i think all meliaceae members have asymmetrical leaves and this plant have pretty symmetrical leaves. correct me please for i may be wrong.

Is it Canarium ovatum? Family: Burseraceae.

Yes, it is Canarium ovatum of Burseraceae. Thank you for solving the pending mystry, but I would like to know how you reached to this species.


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