Cardamine flexuosa With. 


Cardamine hirsuta L. (Images by Surajit Koley (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade), (For more photos & complete details, click on the link))


Cardamine yunnanensis Franch. (Himalaya to S. Central China: China South-Central, East Himalaya, Nepal, Tibet, West Himalaya as per POWO)


Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Cardamine africana L. Herb Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Native of Africa
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957 
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Cardamine hirsuta L.  Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Native of Europe
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Fischer, 1921
Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem
Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A.
Herb Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Native of Europe
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri, Salem

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Cardamine flexuosa Cardamine hirsuta ssp. flexuosa, Cardamine muscosa, Cardamine sylvatica Brassicaceae Wood Bitter Cress
Cardamine hirsuta Brassicaceae Hairy Bitter Cress
Cardamine impatiens Cardamine apetala, Cardamine basisagittata, Cardamine saxatilis Brassicaceae Narrow-Leaved Bittercress
Cardamine macrophylla Cardamine polyphylla Brassicaceae Toothwort
Cardamine subumbellata is a synonym of Cardamine trichocarpa Hochst. ex A.Rich. Brassicaceae Umbelled Bitter Cress

Cardamine flexuosa With. (Europe and Asia, introduced in N. America) 
Cardamine impatiens Linn. (Europe and Asia)
Cardamine loxostemonoides O.E. Schulz (Endemic to Himalayas)
Cardamine macrophylla Willd. (Throughout Himalayas, Tibet and C. Asia)

Cardamine elegantula Hook. f. & Thomson (E. Himalaya (Nepal, Bhutan))
Cardamine flexuosa Withering (Europe and Asia, introduced in N. America)
Cardamine griffithii Hook. f. & Thomson (E. Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), S. Tibet, W. China) 
Cardamine impatiens L. (Temperate Eurasia, Himalaya east to Japan) 
Cardamine loxostemonoides O. E. Schulz (Himalaya (Kashmir, Garhwal to Bhutan), Tibet) 
Cardamine macrophylla var. polyphylla (D. Don) T. Y. Cheo et R. C. Fang (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), N. Assam. E. Tibet, China, N. Korea)
Cardamine nepalensis Kurosaki & H. Ohba (No distribution given)
Cardamine trifoliolata Hook. f. & Thomson (Himalaya (Kumaun to Bhutan))
Cardamine violacea (D. Don) Wall. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan))
Cardamine yunnanensis Franch. (Himalaya (Kashmir to Bhutan), W. China)

Cardamine circaeoides J. D. Hooker & Thomson [India, Laos, Myanmar, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam].
Cardamine flexuosa Withering [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Japan, Kashmir, Korea, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sikkim, Thailand, Vietnam; native to Europe; naturalized in Australia and North and South America].
Cardamine fragariifolia O. E. Schulz  [Bhutan, India, Myanmar].
Cardamine griffithii J. D. Hooker & Thomson [Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim].  
Cardamine hirsuta Linnaeus [India, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, New Guinea, Pakistan, Philippines, Sikkim, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Turkmenistan, Vietnam; SW Asia, Europe; naturalized in S Africa, Australia, North and South America]. 
Cardamine impatiens Linnaeus [Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Sikkim, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan; SW Asia, Europe; naturalized in S Africa and North America].
Cardamine loxostemonoides O. E. Schulz  [Bhutan, India, Kashmir, Nepal, Sikkim].
Cardamine macrophylla Willdenow [Bhutan, India, Japan, Kashmir, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Sikkim].
Cardamine trifoliolata J. D. Hooker & Thomson [Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim].
Cardamine violacea (D. Don) Wallich [Bhutan, Nepal, Sikkim].
Cardamine yunnanensis Franchet [Bhutan, India, Nepal, Sikkim].

Vegetables edited by G. J. H. Grubben (2004)- Details-
Cardamine trichocarpa




Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D.Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2003)- Details-
Cardamine trichocarpa



Flora of Sikkim: ranunculaceae-moringaceae by Ramesh Chandra SrivastavaOriental Enterprises, 1998 – Nature309 pages-


Cardamine (‎Brassicaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cardamine (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


Re: completed insertion of images of identified species of Cardamine :  1 post by 1 author.
1 page was already done by you

Pl. go through Cardamine (‎‎‎Brassicaceae) page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.
Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


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