Casuarina equisetifolia L., Amoen. Acad. 4: 143 1759 (Syn: Casuarina africana Lour.; Casuarina brunoniana Miq.; Casuarina equisetifolia var. souderi Fosberg; Casuarina excelsa Dehnh. ex Miq.; Casuarina indica Pers.; Casuarina lateriflora Poir.; Casuarina litorea L. ex Fosberg & Sachet; Casuarina littorea Oken; Casuarina littorea var. souderi (Fosberg) Fosberg & Sachet; Casuarina mertensiana Rupr. ex Miq.; Casuarina repens Hoffmanns.; Casuarina truncata Willd.);
Casuarina is the word taken from Cassowary, a bird, refers to the supposed resemblance of the twigs of the species to the plumage of bird), equisetifolia (“equinus”= horse, + “folium” = leaf, refers to the drooping twigs, which are suggestive of coarse horse hair)
Horse-tail tree, Whistling Pine, Casuarina, Common Ironwood, Beefwood, Bull-oak • Hindi: Junglisaru • Marathi: Sura • Bengali: Belati-Jhau • Kannada: Kyasurina • Malayalam: Sampirani • Telugu: Saruguda • Urdu: Jahbuko • Konkani: Phiramgi saro • Tamil: Savukku;
It has thin leaves in bunches with whitish glassy shiny tips. they look like green fibre glass whorls. The lowest branch had tiny red flowers all along. The tree was full of round small berry like fruits.
Very hard tree, cultivated these days for use as scaffolding in the construction industry. The timber is so hard and so full of knots that it is impossible to be used in furniture. An enthusiastic carpenter found to his woe that not possible to be used in furniture after breaking a handful of chisels.
The plant is planted as wind breaker…; It is mostly grown for poles and firewood.
efloraofindia:”For Id 22082011MR1’’ tall tree with spiky seeds at Pune:
kindly identify the tree with following specifications. I could not photograph it well as it is a very tall tree amongst other trees. It has thin leaves in bunches with whitish glassy shiny tips. they look like green fibre glass whorls. The lowest branch had tiny red flowers all along. The tree was full of round small berry like fruits. The spiny seeds (i think) had fallen down which I have photographed
Date/Time- August 2011
This looks like a ‘She Oak’ or Casuarina.
Am from Goa. Was told this and have no reason to believe it is not true…
I have seen these trees on almost all beeches of India including Goa. The simple reason being this grows well on beeches as it has its own nitrogen fixing fungus in the roots. I cant imagine beeches of Goa to be dangerous (may be at some particular sites they are dangerous) otherwise you can walk kms in water as the slope is very gentle, in comparison to Beeches of Chennai where U cant even go 5m in water as the slope is very steep.
Also found in Haryana Wildly particularly wastelands. Quite common here and also planted by Forest deptt
For me the fruits look somewhat different from the C.equisitifolia I have seen in Chennai and other places. Need to check the foliage and other characters for confirmation. Casuarina sps are native to Australia.
Casurina for sure. Have a handful of it at my place. Very hard tree, cultivated these days for use as scaffolding in the construction industry. The timber is so hard and so full of knots that it is impossible to be used in furniture. An enthusiastic carpenter found to his woe that not possible to be used in furniture after breaking a
Its planted along river banks and we have some along Dhakuria lakes in Kolkata… not allowed to photograph around the lake itself in Kolkata… it was allowed when we were Calcutta !!!
Casuarina equisetifolia the plant is planted as wind breaker…
I am no expert, however, I have not seen any adverse results in my farm even after over 50 years of growing Casurina. Coffee and other plants are thriving in its proximity. I am not sure that erosion can be controlled though, by planting Casurina. Eucalyptus however I have heard, inhibits growth of other plants in its vicinity. Again, I have not seen any evidence of it at my farm. In fact the weeds grow luxuriously at its feet. The logical reason behind growing Casurina on the beaches may be because it leaves very little leaf litter, easier to keep it clean. This though is my conclusion, I am not aware of the reasons the authorities have opted for it on the beaches. I am afraid, I have not answered your question.
It is mostly grown for poles and firewood. A related species Casuarina junghuhniana, which is fast growing is being promoted by Tamil Nadu Forest Department in recent times.
Gymnosperms fortnight :: Tree for ID-3 from Sagar upwan- Mumbai. :: PKA11:: : Attachments (2). 3 posts by 3 authors.
Yes Casuarina, not a Gymnosperm.
Shibpur Bot. : looks like Casuarina equisetifolia L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).
I agree with you …
Thank you very much Sir. I thought if their can be any lookalike!
ANSEPT14 Please identify this Gymnosperm : 6 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).
Cropped photo of the same-Attachments (1)
This is Casuarina equisetifolia (a flowering plant, not gymnosperm).
Thank you for the correction sir. Are any gymnosperms found at all in the western ghats?
Pl. check the following in efi site:
Zamiaceae- Dioon Zamia
Pinaceae- Abies Cedrus Picea Pinus
Cupressaceae- Cryptomeria Cupressus Juniperus Platycladus Sequoiadendron Thuja
Taxodiaceae- Cunninghamia Taxodium
Araucariaceae- Agathis Araucaria
Growing on a Casuarina Tree : Mahabaleshwar : 12AUG15 : AK-24 : 24/24 : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
Seen growing on a Casuarina tree in Mahabaleshwar.
Pictures taken on 20th July,15.
It was very difficult to take better pictures due to very heavy rain, ground slippery and water logging.
Had sent these pictures to Tanay……he feels they are “young adventitious roots which are sometimes brightly colored.”
And to … who feels it could be some kind of Fungus.
These are adventitious roots. The tree has suffered an injury / insult and is trying to save itself. I will most likely die. Have encountered this phenomena in a few of my trees
Thanks for your feedback and explaining so well as to what could have lead to this phenomena.
You are most welcome. Sending a few photographs to showcase the slow death of one of my Pongam trees.
TSP-MAY2016-43-371:Images of Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)
It is my pleasure to present few images of Casuarina equisetifolia (Casuarinaceae)
Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1200 msl
Date: 20-08-2014, 06-10-2014 and 07-03-2015
Casuarina equisetifolia L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.
Yes. Nice images.
Casuarina equisetifolia ♂ L.
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 11:18 AM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl
Many thanks to Radha Veach for validating the ID at iNaturalist
Please ignore the ? in the subject line: Casuarina equisetifolia ? L. :: Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · JUN23 DV455
Casuarina equisetifolia L. :: Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · JUN23 DV464: 11 images.
Casuarina equisetifolia ♀ L.
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 10:34 AM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl