Chloranthus elatior Link, Enum. Hort. Berol. Alt. 1: 140 1821. (Syn: Chloranthus elatior R. Br. (ambiguous synonym); Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) B. Verdcourt (ambiguous synonym); Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) Sweet (ambiguous synonym); Chloranthus inconspicuus Blanco; Chloranthus officinalis Bl.; Chloranthus salicifolius Presl; Chloranthus sumatranus Miq.; Cryphaea erecta Buch.-Ham.);
China (Guangxi, Guizhou, Sichuan, Yunnan), Tibet, Bhutan (Sikkim), India, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, peninsular Malaysia (Penang, Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Negeri Sembilan, Melaka, Johor), Singapore, Nepal, Andamans, New Guinea, Indonesia, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi, Borneo, Philippines (throughout), Moluccas, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life;


Arunachal flora-9. : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Id pl, a shrub.

Chloranthus elatior Link.


Thanks, …,

I think correct name for Chloranthus elatior Link may be Chloranthus erectus (Buchanan-Hamilton) Verdcourt as per FOC :

“The authors have followed B. Verdcourt (Kew Bull. 40: 217. 1985), who rejected the name Chloranthus elatior R. Brown ex Sims as a nomen nudum, and C. elatior Link as too poorly known to be usable; the latter was based on a sterile cultivated plant and the type was destroyed in Berlin.”

Yes …! You are right. It should be C. erectus.

ID_Herb 001 : Attachments (3). 11 posts by 5 authors.
Plz help me to identify this sp.
Date/Time- 02/10/2010- 12:30 AM
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Kokrajhar, Assam, Alt 90m
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild Type
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Herb
Plant Height/Length- 45-60cm
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- 9-11-5-6.5cm
Inflorescence Size- 5-6 cm
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- White

Very vague guess, is that a gymnosperm…Gnetum?

It is not Gnetum, Is it a member of chloranthaceae ????

Chloranthus spicatus?

Chloranthus spicatus

Could it be Chloranthus erectus? I m considering the leave shape and inflorscence.

I think you are right …

I know only Sarcandra chloranthoides of Chloranthaceae. It was very similar to this species that is why said it may be chloranthaceae member.

Yes …,
You have rightly identified this plant as Chloranthus erectus (Buch.- Ham.) Verdc.

It is commonly found in NE India.
Pl have a look on the key provided by Fl. China
1a. Flowers yellowish green; leaves 5-11 × 2.5-5.5 cm, apex acute or obtuse, margin crenate-serrate; central connective 3- toothed ……………….. Chloranthus spicatus
1b. Flowers white; leaves 10-20 × 4-8 cm, apex gradually narrowed to caudate, margin glandular serrate; central lobe of connective entire …………………. Chloranthus erectus
Moreover, please check for the portion of inflorescence (Fig. 145: 2 & 7) in the following link
Further, Fl China and Tropicos have not reported C. spicatus from India.
I think C. erectus is matching completely with your plant.

Chloranthus erectus (Buch.-Ham.) Verdc. Kew Bull. 40(1): 217 (1985) Syn: Cryphaea erecta Buch.-Ham. in Brewst. Edinb. Journ. Sc. ii. 11. (1825)

Protologue attached.

Please suggest identification of this small tree/shrub, recorded from Biswanath Chariali Distt., Assam..
The eFI database points to Chloranthus erectus, another input received on PWOI (an FB group) is suggesting Sarcandra glabra..
I hope the identification is very near to being correct..

It is not Sarcandra glabra whose fruits are bright red.

Thanks …, I think the identification should be Chloranthus elatior (syn. C. erectus)..


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