IUCN Red List Status: Vulnerable (VU)

 
 
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Chloroxylon swietenia DC., Prodr. 1: 625 1824.;
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klor-oh-ZY-lon — from the Greek chloros (green) and xylon (wood)
swee-TEEN-ee-uh — named for Gerard van Swieten, Dutch botanist and physician to the Empress Maria TheresaDave’s Botanary
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commonly known as
: Ceylon satinwood, East Indian satinwood • Malayalam: പുരുഷ് purus, വരിമരം varimaram • Marathi: ¿ बेहरु ? behru, हेद heda, हेद्रू hedru • Oriya: ଭେରୁ bheru • Sanskrit: पीतदारु pitadaru, पीतकाष्ठ pitakastha • Tamil: கன்முதிரை kan-mutirai, கரும்புரசு karum-puracu, முதிரை mutirai, புரசு puracu • Telugu: బిళ్లు billu
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Native to: s India, Sri Lanka
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That’s how Traditional Allelopathic Knowledge is practiced:
Yesterday I was in forest with Traditional Healers. They collected bark of Koriya tree. One of them started collecting bark whereas other started crushing of Bhirha tree leaves. After bark collection, Bhirha leaf paste was applied on injured part. They informed that now tree wound will heal within no time. Please see the attached pictures.
As you know, thousands of my research documents on Traditional Allelopathic Knowledge <http://www.google.com/search?22tr…> are online. I dream of tree care services/units equipped with this unique concept to provide relief to injured trees in our metros. In forest, Healers are practicing it but there is need to educate young herb collectors as well as greedy herb traders about it. 

Bhirha is Chloroxylon swietenia and Koriya is Wrightia sp. You can see Bhirha growing in back of Koriya.
   Koriya plant parts play vital role in treating many troubles of Bhirha. The Healers say-  that’s why they are growing in same system in Nature’s experimental fields.
Both species are used as medicine in Traditional Healing. Its combination continues as medicine also. In many diseases when Bhirha stops giving good results Koriya plant parts are added with it in order to make it more effective and vice-versa.  The Healers accept humbly that they have learnt it from Mother Nature.

– Not taken many pictures as it is common practice I observe during forest visit specially with senior Healers. Many times young Healers miss this important work. In such situation I perform it based on my knowledge
gathered from the seniors.

   I presented a lead paper in International Biodiversity Conference, Mysore last year that how Wild Curcuma based solution is used by the innovative Healers one week before collection of Parthenium hysterophorus roots for use as medicine.
During this visit Leopard saved our lives in forest. I have written about it in my Hindi blog.
http://pratikriyaa.blogspot.com/2011/01/blog-post.html



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Chloroxylon swietenia:
Two large trees with similar looking panicles were observed in Pune University Bot. garden recently.
The second one is from Family Rutaceae
Chloroxylon swietenia



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Chloroxylon swietenia at Pench:
I had seen this big tree at Pench (MP). Entire forest was found to be blooming with these flowers. Trees were leafless when photographed.
Bot. name: Chloroxylon swietenia
Family: Rutaceae


This was photographed in March.



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Rutaceae week: Tree’s sporting the summer look – Chloroxylon swietenia from Mamandur:
Ceylon satinwood

27 Mar 2010, 11:06:48
Mamandur forest, Thirupati, Andhra Pradesh,
Wild, Eastern ghats
Tree height 30 feet, No leaves found
http://www.flowersofindia.Ceylon%20Satinwood.html

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Rutaceae Week :: Chloroxylon swietenia at Sutagatti:  Chloroxylon swietenia DC.
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While compiling notes for this plant, found it to be very intriguing …
Chloroxylon swietenia is also placed in a family called FlindersiaceaeNPGS / GRIN — not much information on the internet; not yet listed in The Plants List
A rare binomial — the epithet is strangely a name of genus – Swietenia.
Its synonym is Swietenia chloroxylonNPGS / GRIN
In The Plants List, Swietenia chloroxylon is synonym of Chloroxylon chloroxylon (unresolved).
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klor-oh-ZY-lon — from the Greek chloros (green) and xylon (wood)
swee-TEEN-ee-uh — named for Gerard van Swieten, Dutch botanist and physician to the Empress Maria Theresa
Dave’s Botanary

Apr 22, 2011 … at Sutagatti, near Belgaum, Karnataka
commonly known as: Ceylon satinwood, East Indian satinwood • Malayalam: പുരുഷ് purus, വരിമരം varimaram • Marathi: ¿ बेहरु ? behru, हेद heda, हेद्रू hedru • Oriya: ଭେରୁ bheru • Sanskrit: पीतदारु pitadaru, पीतकाष्ठ pitakastha • Tamil: கன்முதிரை kan-mutirai, கரும்புரசு karum-puracu, முதிரை mutirai, புரசு puracu • Telugu: బిళ్లు billu
Native to: s India, Sri Lanka
References: Flowers of IndiaNPGS / GRINENVIS – FRLHTDDSAFurther Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
more views: Apr 22, 2011 … at Sutagatti, near Belgaum, Karnataka


Yes … I have also observed it mentioned in Family Meliaceae….?


is it sweitenia because its fruits sort of resemble other swietenia tree fruits? I wonder…



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Tree for Id—- 040112 -NS1- Flora of MP.:
I photographed this tree at the forest of Betul. I was told d local name of dis z- Dheriya.
In an research article I found that d tree wid local name Dheriya z- Eriolaena quinquelocularis. ( in d table under “Results ” )
( http://www.ecology.kee.hu/pdf/0501_109121.pdf )
But the leaves doesnt match wid dat of Eriolaena quinquelocularis.
Plz help …….Plz Id.
Tree Height- abt 20 Mts
Leaves- Pinnately compound leaves wid 10-11 pair of leaflets.
No flowers or fruits .


looks like Chloroxylon swietenia


I agree with … id: Chloroxylon swietenia (Rutaceae).



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Tree for ID : 20102013 : RV 2 : Attachments (5). 2 posts by 2 authors.
One more request to identify this tree…….. seems to be planted in the resort in Hampi……. when I crushed the leaflets, it has nice fragrance.


Chloroxylon swietenia.



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ANAPR54 Chloroxylon swietenia DC. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (11).

Family: Rutaceae
Date: 19th March 2015
Place: Kollegala, Chamrajanagar, Karnataka
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Deciduous forest


… of NBRI, Lucknow is the best person to comment on this.


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ID24042015PHK 1 : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Id Please
A big sized tree at Nallamala forest, AP
25March, 2015


Chloroxylon swietenia DC.


It looks like Lagerostroemia parviflora



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11082017BHAR2 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Found in Javadhu hills of Eastern ghats.

This appears to be Chloroxylon swietenia DC. [Rutaceae].



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Pench NP, MP, March 2022 :: Chloroxylon swietenia :: ARK2022-072: 8 images.

Chloroxylon swietenia, locally called ‘bhirra’.
The entire park was flush with these beautiful blossoms.
It was a sight to behold.
It was difficult to pinpoint the highlight of the visit – sighting the tiger or seeing these trees all over the park
Clicked at various places inside Pench National Park, MP in March 2022.

Simply superb …!

This is seen in the scrub jungle near by Mysore.


It did look like a magical show!!!



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References:

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