Cichorium endivia L. (Images by Gurcharan Singh (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links)) 


Cichorium intybus L. (Wild & Cultivated cultivar) (Images by Gurcharan Singh, D S Rawat, Prashant Awale (Id by Balkar Singh & Gurcharan Singh) & R Kannan (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more photos & complete details, click on the links))


The pappus scales do occur in Cichorium but they are very minute. In C. intybus they are 1/8 to 1/10 as long as achene according to Bailey Manual….(that goes perfect with Flora of China achene 2-3 mm, pappus 0.2-0.3 mm). In C. endivia they are slightly longer 1/6 to 1/4 of achene length.

In C. endivia, the plant is totally glabrous with much more softer leaves (having seen the plant in California stores.). The species C. endivia , inspite of variation in cultivars is supposed to be totally glabrous, whereas C. intybus bristly hairy  


Pl. go through Cichorium (‎‎‎‎‎Asteraceae (Compositae)‎) page with images of species (done by me) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.

Please check whether the third image which is something like pink and white cabbage like structures is derived from Cichorium intybus. 

Thanks, … It’s a cultivar of Cichorium intybus posted by Singh ji.
But I agree with you to better delete it to remove any confusion.

its radicchio, a chikory relation, now classified as one of the chicorium intybus. but you have to plant the specific seeds. it was written up as far back as Pliny the elder in his natural history essays. and known throughout the history down to us as a liver and blood purifier.

Thanks for clarification. Now I have a request to … 

Cichorium intybus which is being cultivated to harvest root is a variety for which seeds are imported from France, and the plants does not have any difference to differentiate them from the indigenous cultivar which is being cultivated to harvest leaf as fodder and seeds for cultivation of this fodder crop. Similarly the radicchio (Cichorium intybus var. foliosum Radicchio Group) is the another cultivar.

My request is to have this varietal information in the Cichorium intybus page for more clarity to our future generation. Please….

Please do not delete it. if necessary : a separate small square window of its own … as Radcchio. if in doubt please see this essay by UC Davis genome group and their composite picture. to people who are newcomers to the endives, chikory and radicchio eating and buying all this is exotic and problematic but it is not really.
with a little perseverance even this  type of newcomer can learn. no need to delete any of it.

Thanks, … Done the needful pl.



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