1 Branches 4-angled
 2 Leaves obtuse or acute at apex ….. C. quadrangularis
 2 Leaves acuminate at apex … …. C. glyptocarpa
1 Branches terete, not angled
 3 Plants with setose hairs …. C. setosa
 3 Plants without setose hairs
  4 Leaves compound …. C. elongata     
  4 Leaves simple
   5 Leaves deep red beneath …. C. discolor (syn. of Cissus javana)
   5 Leaves not deep red beneath
    6 Leaves obtuse or acute, rarely shortly acuminate
     7 Leaves glabrous or hairy beneath; fruiting peduncle thick. erect …. C. paliida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)
     7 Leaves tomentose beneath; fruiting peduncle slender. recurved …. C.vitiginea
    6 Leaves prominently acuminate
     8 Branches tomentose
      9 Leaves densely tomentose beneath when young; flowers pink  ….. C. repanda
      9 Leaves pubescent beneath; flowers greenish-yellow …. C. adnata
     8 Branches glabrous or glaucous 
        10 Branches glabrous …. C. gigantea (syn. of Cissus latifolia Lam.)
        10 Branches white-glaucous
          11 Blade ovate-elliptic …… C.glauca (syn. of Cissus latifolia Lam.)
          11 Blade broadly ovate-suborbicular …… C. repens

.

An Excursion Flora of Central Tamilnadu, India By K. M. Matthew (1995)- Details with keys
Cissus arnottiana B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh 
Cissus gigantea (Bedd.) Planch. (syn. of Cissus latifolia Lam.)


.
Keys in Flora of Bhutan
:

1. Leaves palmately 5-foliolate ……. 7. C. elongata
+ Leaves simple ………. 2
2. Small erect perennial herb to 60cm; tendrils absent; leaves 14 – 30cm broad …. 6. C. spectabilis
+ Large climbing shrubs usually over 1 m; tendrils present; leaves rarely over 15cm broad ……. 3
3. Leaves ovate-lanceolate, 3 — 6cm broad, blotched white on upper surface ….. 1. C. javana
+ Leaves broadly ovate, 4 — 18cm broad, without blotches ….. 4 
4. Young stems, leaves beneath and inflorescences densely pubescent or tomentose; calyx and petals (at least tips) hairy ….. 5
+ Young stems and leaves glabrous, or sparsely pilose and becoming subglabrous; calyx and petals glabrous …… 6
5. Leaves beneath, stems, petals and cymes reddish pubescent but not tomentose; leaves broadly ovate often suborbicular …. 2. C. repanda
+ Leaves beneath, stems, petioles and cymes softly red-brown tomentose; leaves ovate, often ovate-triangular ….. 3. C. simplex (syn. of Cissus aristata Bl.)
6. Stems glabrous, glaucous; leaves glabrous beneath …… 4. C. repens
+ Stems pilose when young, when older pilose only at nodes, not glaucous; leaves sparsely pilose on veins beneath …. 5. C. assamica

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Cissus arnottiana B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh (India (Gujarat, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life

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Cissus discolor Blume (Java, India (Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Laos, Vietnam, Nepal, Sikkim, Myanmar [Burma], Thailand, peninsular Malaysia (Perlis, Langkawi Isl. and Batu Caves, Selangor), Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Philippines (Mindanao), China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Taiwan (I), Hispaniola (I), Trinidad & Tobago (I), Honduras (I) as per Catalogue of Life)

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Cissus elongata Roxb. (Bhutan, India (Darjeeling, Assam, Meghalaya), Bangladesh, Myanmar [Burma] (Kachin, Sagaing), China (Guangxi, Hainan, Yunnan), Sikkim, Andamans as per Catalogue of Life (Cissus elongata subsp. elongata) (India (Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka) as per Catalogue of Life (Cissus elongata subsp. littoralis (Talbot) B. V. Shetty & P. Singh)

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Cissus repanda Vahl (India (Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Tripura, Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Andaman Isl. (South Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl.), Bhutan, Myanmar [Burma] (Bago, Kachin, Mandalay, Rakhine), China (Sichuan, Yunnan), Thailand, Nepal, Vietnam as per Catalogue of life)
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Cissus vitiginea L. (Sri Lanka, S-India (Orissa, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Thailand, Maldives, Bangladesh as per Catalogue of Life)

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Cissus woodrowii (Stapf ex Cooke) Santapau (Maharastra as per Catalogue of Life)
  1. Cissus adnata Roxb.
  2. C. aristata Blume
  3. C. arnottiana B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  4. C. assamica (M.A.Lawson) Craib
  5. C. discolour Blume [synonym of C. javana DC.]
  6. C. elongata Roxb. [ssp. elongata; subsp. littoralis (W.A.Talbot) B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh]
  7. C. glyptocarpa Thwaites
  8. C. heyneana Planch.
  9. C. kerrii Craib
  10. C. latifolia Lam.
  11. C. nodosa Blume
  12. C. quadrangularis L.
  13. C. repanda (Wight & Arn.) Vahl
  14. C. repens Lam.
  15. C. rotundifolia Vahl (cultivated)
  16. C. spectabilis Hochst. ex Planch.
  17. C. striata Ruis & Pav subsp. argentina (Suess.) Lombardi
  18. C. subramanyamii B.V.Shetty & Par.Singh
  19. C. trifoliata (L.) L.
  20. C. trilobata Lam. [synonym of Cyphostemma trilobata (Lam.) M.R.Almeida]
  21. C. vitiginea L.
  22. C. woodrowii (Stapf ex T.Cooke) Santapau

References:

  1. Shetty, B.V. and Singh, P. 2000. Vitaceae. In; Singh, N.P., Vohra, J.N., Hajra, P.K. and Singh, D.K. (eds.) Flora of India Vol-5. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta. Pp. 246-324.
  2. eFI page (and references therein) 

.
Binomial Habit Notes Ref. Distrib.
Cissus
adnata
Roxb.
Climber Western Ghats,
Evergreen Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Nilgiri
Cissus arnottiana B.V.Shetty &
P.Singh  
 
Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
B.V.Shetty
& P.Singh, 1989, Matthew, 1999
Dindigul, Dharmapuri,
Kanniya kumari, Madurai, Nilgiri, Salem,  Theni, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai,  Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhu nagar
Cissus discolor Blume is a synonym of Cissus javana DC. Climber Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Madurai, Nilgiri
Cissus glyptocarpa (Thw.) Planch. Shrub Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Cissus heyneana (Wall. ex Lawson) Planch. Climber Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Gamble, 1957; Matthew, 1983
Dindigul,
Nilgiri, Tiruchchira ppalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruvanna malai,  Viluppuram
Cissus latifolia Lam. Large
climber
Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul , Madurai, Nilgiri,
Salem, Theni, Tiruvanna malai, Tirunelveli, Vellore
Cissus quadrangularis L. Shrub Plains
to Low Altitude
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts
Cissus repanda Vahl Shrub Western
Ghats, Dry Deciduous  to Moist
Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Madurai, Kanniya kumari, Nilgiri, Tirunelveli
Cissus repens Lam. Shrub Western
Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous to Evergreen Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Matthew, 1983
Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni 
Cissus vitiginea L. Shrub Dry
Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
All
districts

.  

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Cissus javana Cissus discolor, Vitis discolor Vitaceae Climbing Begonia
Cissus quadrangularis Cissus quadrangula, Cissus tetraptera, Vitis quadrangularis Vitaceae Veldt Grape
Cissus repanda Vitis repanda, Vitis pallida Vitaceae Pani Bel
Cissus rotundifolia Vitis crassifolia, Cissus crassifolia, Saelanthus rotundifolius Vitaceae Venezuelan Treebine
Cissus woodrowii Vitaceae Woodrow’s Grape Tree


.

.   
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON syn. Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)
.
Cissus javana
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON syn. Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details-
Cissus japonica (Thunb.) Willd. is a synonym of Cayratia japonica (Thunb.) Gagnep


.
Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details with keys
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON syn. Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)

.

Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India (2000)- Details with keys
Cissus quadrangularis
Cissus vitiginea


.
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2000)- Details with keys
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON syn. Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)

Cissus quadrangularis
Cissus vitiginea


.  

Flora of Medak District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, Chintala Prabhakar, B. Ravi Prasad Rao (2000)- Details with keys

Medicinal Plants in Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2002)- Details-
Cissus pallida (WIGHT & ARN.) PLANCHON syn. Vitis pallida Wight & Arn. (syn. of C. repanda)
Cissus quadrangularis


.

Cissus (Vitaceae) :  3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cissus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.


I have added the list of Indian species.


.

Pl. go throughCissus ‎(Vitaceae) page with images of species in efloraofindia.

I request you to pl. go through & point out mistakes, if any. I hope this will aid in identifications in future. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.


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