Images by J.M.Garg, Balkar Arya, Mahadeswara Swamy & Narendra Joshi (Inserted by J.M.Garg) 

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klih-TOH-ree-uh — from the Greek kleitoris; referring to the form of the flower
tern-AH-tee-uh — referring to the island of Ternate, where a specimen was collected

commonly known as: butterfly pea • Bengali: অপরাজিত aparajita • Hindi: अपराजिता aparajita, गोकर्णी gokarni, khagtu • Kannada: ಅಪರಾಜಿತೆ aparajite, ಗಿರಿಕರ್ಣಿಕೆ girikarnike, kantisoppu • Konkani: गोकर्ण gokarna, शंख पुष्प shankha pushpa • Malayalam: സന്ഗ പുശ്പമ sangu pushpam • Manipuri: অপরাজিতা aparajita • Marathi: गोकर्ण gokarna, शंख पुष्प shankha pushpa, विष्णुक्रान्ता vishnukranta • Sanskrit: अद्रिकर्णी adrikarni, अपराजित aparajita, गिरिकर्णिका girikarnika, घृष्टिः ghrstih, राधा radha • Tamil: காக்கணம் kakkanam, காக்கட்டான் kakkattan, சங்கு கன்னிக்கொடி kannikkodi, karkokartun, கரிசன்னி kricnni, கருவிளை kruvilai, உயவை uyvai • Telugu: గెంటన gentana, శంఖపుష్పము sankhu-pushpamu

Native to: tropical America; cultivated elsewhere 

Slender twiner with alternate pinnate leaves with 5-7 ovate-oblong leaflets; flower solitary, dark blue with lighter markings, about 5 cm long, standard large, emarginate; pod flat, -10 cm long.
Form with white flowers also grown.
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– Yes, we get it in two colours here: white and bluish-purple


we get three colors white purple and pink


 

 

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MS 140711 -41- Ornamental Clitoria ternatea -Double flower variety: I am attaching the photographs of Ornamental Clitoria ternatea -Double flower variety.  
Papilionaceae, from Mysore city.  Photographed on 7.7.2011.  Place. Ramakrishnashrama.



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Clitoria ternatea:  Pics taken from Bhavnagar, Gujarat


I think it is Gokarna in Marathi.


Yes it is indeed Clitoria ternatea Linn. family Fabaceae
It is climber.


Yes, Clitorea ternataan important herb of both academic ayurvedic and ethnobotanic significance….
In Sanskrit, Hindi, and  Bengali is called APARAJITA
Sanskrit: Vishnukanta
Gujarati: Garani ગરણી
Color variations I have seen and recorded… white, light mauve and various shades of Blue to bluish violet, and comes in single and double petaled cultivars….

Which is the correct Clitoria ternatea?: Could you explain to me about the correct Clitoria ternatea please. I am not sure about the 2nd one.


The second picture is of Centrosema pubescens of Leguminosae family.


You are right.  The first one is C.turnatea


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Flora of Panipat: Clitoria tarnatea from Arya P G College Panipat: Clitoria tarnatea from Arya P G College Panipat

Cultivated vine 

We have one with blue flowers and one with white in our colony. 


love this flower…there is bangla adhunik gaan … that goes something like… neel aparajita and neel butterfly (prajapati) under the neel sky … one of my favorite from my childhood.. wish I knew how to embed music that may be on public domain..


Yes i have also plant with white and blue flowers,,
i always have a doubt, why Ayurvedic people treat white flower plant more important than the colour ones in the same species,,, pls if anyone can explain..
eg.. Plant with white flowers:
Butea
Erythrina
Clitoria
Bombax / Salmalia
Abrus (seeds white)

Yes same is true for Catharanthus roseus (Vinca rosea), the white flowered form is sought after by ayurvedic practitioners. 


we too have blue and white flowers on different individuals. 


Don’t know the correct answer. But no harm in scraching the head.
1. Sometimes the pigments are bad, r also found to be carcinogenic
2. A case was found of albino pig. Here when the albino pig was fed with some specific plant and was exposed to sunlight it developed skin rashes, which latter  developed skin cancers. But Black pig if fed was not affected. It was found that the plant pigments were bad as when exposed to sunlight were reacting with UV and were producing some toxins resulting into skin cancers. In black pigs the melanin pigments were absorbing those UV hence no bad effect was seen.
3. Plant spents energy in pigment formation, hence production of other material can/will be less. Where as in white flower plant, less expenditure of enrgy on pigment formation hence more production of other materials.
These other materials can be the alkaoids produced,or the secondary metabolities, which actually have the medicinal values.
Hence in white revolution the milking cow is made to stand at one place so that gives more milk.
4. Some pigments like red / orange are of Tamasi type that is they increase the temperament. Which may affect hormone production in body creating bad effects.
Any other gueses???? 



Re: aparajita:  Charak talks of the swet variety..several times… many properties and disease specific uses are in charak samhita… mainly roots and sometimes seeds…   my notes are about 30 pages long… too much to type with my speed… suffice it to say that:
swet is Pungent, bitter and cooling, and drying effect  … used often for detox and skin, headaches etc neel is Bitter , cooling and “wet” snigdha effect…  used often for removing mental illness “unmaad”,  asthma, lung disorders etc… and even in clearing the aura of possessions by disembodied entities  !!!…
Re white abrus… is used in magic spells in villages… besides the leaves etc have all the three colors (bl,   wh . and red) have same effects…
Re:   as for vinca rosea var alba is used, even i prefer white…non- hybrids… but i have forgotten where i filed the reason(s)…    but there were definite differences in micro-constituents and elements…. but there is a definite reason.. I would not follow any thing blindly…

I had collected some pods from my friend’s garden in fall of 2005 . since then they have gone back to England.. and sold.. so I no longer have access to their garden.. dont even know if their plants have survived the new Indian owners and their dogs… The seedpods I left at rt for a month or so in  home, then stored in acid free envelope  in an airtight plastic box… of course it has been undergoing the heat then , normal, cold temp cycles since then… pods are solid (not eaten away)   seem intact… many many years ago a Patel family had taught me that if you save the seeds in their own pod they will survive a long time.. how much long they could not say… several years was their shoulder shrugging answer… i have about 6 pods.  am willing to send 3 to you if if want to take a chance and try them out… but it will get cold very soon up north, do you have a hot house? 


I have seen this white variety in Sri Venkateshwera College Tirupati. But i could not collect any seed at that time (December End of 10) as no pods were there. only few flowers i could see. 


ID Request 160911 SS1 Variety of Clitoria ternatea?:  Please see the attached pictures. Is this a variety of Clitoria ternatea? Photographed from a garden in Trivandrum today.
These flowers have 5 overlapping petals all of the same size about 4cm in length. All other floral features seem similar to Clitoria ternatea.

Yes this is indeed a variety of Clitoria ternatea 


Yes, its called a double variety… 


 

Date/Time-Sep 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Climber
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts- Pale blue flower

This is undoubtedly Clitoria ternatea of Leguminosae family 
Please check the following link for character description. Leaflets can be 3-7 foliolate. http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=200012053


oh… I must have missed this yesterday.. it is undoubtedly Clitorea..
I must say   a very nice light color…
more I see clitorea… more colors  i am seeing…
a couple of days ago I photographed a very light violet.. almost white…the gardener insisted it was white…


 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Clitoria Ternatea: Attaching photos pf Clitoria ternateaButterfly bean (Gokarni in Marathi)


Again good series including a hybrid Gokarna.


klih-TOH-ree-uh — from the Greek kleitoris; referring to the form of the flower
tern-AH-tee-uh — referring to the island of Ternate, where a specimen was collected
Aug 23, 2008 … along Ghodbunder Road near Gaimukh, Thane, Maharashtra
commonly known as: butterfly pea • Bengali: অপরাজিত aparajita • Hindi: अपराजिता aparajita, गोकर्णी gokarni, khagtu • Kannada: ಅಪರಾಜಿತೆ aparajite, ಗಿರಿಕರ್ಣಿಕೆ girikarnike, kantisoppu • Konkani: गोकर्ण gokarna, शंख पुष्प shankha pushpa • Malayalam: സന്ഗ പുശ്പമ sangu pushpam • Manipuri: অপরাজিতা aparajita • Marathi: गोकर्ण gokarna, शंख पुष्प shankha pushpa, विष्णुक्रान्ता vishnukranta • Sanskrit: अद्रिकर्णी adrikarni, अपराजित aparajita, गिरिकर्णिका girikarnika, घृष्टिः ghrstih, राधा radha • Tamil: காக்கணம் kakkanam, காக்கட்டான் kakkattan, சங்கு கன்னிக்கொடி kannikkodi, karkokartun, கரிசன்னி kricnni, கருவிளை kruvilai, உயவை uyvai • Telugu: గెంటన gentana, శంఖపుష్పము sankhu-pushpamu
Native to: tropical America; cultivated elsewhere
some views: Dec 20, 2009 … in a resort garden at Jawahar, Maharasht 

Really nice, both white and blue flowers.


Pods upto 5cm and 4-6 seeded in C.annua (C.biflora)
Pods upto 10 cm and 6-10 seeded in C.ternatea (Mostly cultivated)
The number of seeds seen here.

Local name: Kala Aparajita
Family: Fabaceae
Place of collection: Ranpur, Nayagarh, Orissa
Habit: Climber
Habitat: Wild, near perennial streams and road side nalas near villages
Altitude: 100 to 300 m above msl


 

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Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week: Clitorea ternatea from Delhi:  Clitoria ternatea L., Sp. pl. 2:753. 1753  
Common names: blue-pea, butterfly-pea, cordofan-pea
Slender twiner with alternate pinnate leaves with 5-7 ovate-oblong leaflets; flower solitary, dark blue with lighter markings, about 5 cm long, standard large, emarginate; pod flat, -10 cm long.
Form with white flowers also grown.
Photographed from Vikas Puri, New Delhi, climbing on fence and hedges.


 

 

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Common names: butterfly-pea
Photographed at Assam


Clitoria ternatea
Must be having a large distribution up to Assam. Gokarna in Marathi as it looks like Ear of a cow



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Fabaceae-F​aboideae (Papiliona​ceae) Week: Mixed thread. 4 images.

Sharing the images of Clitoria ternatea from Coimbatore.
Location: CODISSIS Complex, Coimbatore.
Sep. and October.2011.


Again this shows good data of wide distribution of the plant….

 

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efloraofindia:”09112011MR1’’ Fabaceae-Faboideae (Papilionaceae) Week Clitoria ternatea Pune: Sharing pictures of Clitoria ternatea at Pune in Sep and Oct 2011

Common name: butterfly-pea
Marathi Gokarna


 

 

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Clitoria ternatea from SV Arts College Tirupati: Clitoria ternatea


Yes, we get it in two colours here: white and bluish-purple


we get three colors white purple and pink


 

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Fabaceae week-32.: Clitoria -blue and having many petals. Id of the sp. pl.
This climber was seen near Omkareshwar in M.P.


I thinkthis one is just a hybrid of Clitorea ternatea. It is seen in privete bungalows in Pune too.
Let us wait for other comments too.


I go with …


 

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Flora of Haryana: Clitoria ternatea L. from CCSHAU Hisar:

Clitoria ternatea L. from CCSHAU Hisar
Fabaceae


In Traditional Entomotherapy (and Entomophagy), Toxicity due to excess consumption of Helopeltis antonii is treated with the help of Clitoria based formulations.
Some related References
Oudhia, P (1997). Evaluation of host specificity of Blumea leaf beetle (Chrysolina sp. nr. madrasae Jackoby). Insect Environment. 3 (3): 80.
Oudhia, P (1998). Medicinal insects and spiders. Insect Environment.4(2) : 57-58
Oudhia P., Pandey N., Tripathi R.S. and Ganguli R.N. (1999). Gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) infestation in hybrid rice as affected by Agronomical practices.Insect Environment. 4 (4) : 123-124.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Effect of some botanicals on hatchability of Blumea leaf beetle eggs.Insect Environment. 4(4) : 154.
Oudhia, P. (1999). Record of Orange Banded Blister Beetle Zonabris pustulata Thunb.(Coleoptera: Meloidae) on Safed Moosli(Chlorophytum borivilianum). Insect Environment.6(3):138
Oudhia, P. (2000). Traditional medicinal knowledge about green leaf hopper, Nephotettix spp. in Chhattisgarh (India). International Rice Research Notes.25(3):40.
Oudhia, P. (2001). Traditional medicinal knowledge about Pod borer Helicoverpa armigera in Chhattisgarh, India. International Chickpea and Pigeonpea Newsletter.8:14-15.

 

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4 pictures for you, to share:  1 correct image.

You have been sent 4 pictures, flowers from Konkan (Maharastra, India)


The first photograph is Mimosa pudica (touchme not), second one is Clitoria ternatea ( Butterfly pea, Sangu poo), Third one is one of the varieties of powder puff (Calliandra species). 

March 2014,Pune
Sharing images of Clitoria ternatea growing wild flower with more than 2 keel petals. is this common or an mutation? Also saw open keel petals first time


 

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Flora of Kaiga_Sharing_Clitoria ternatea1602015 PK2 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Date/Time-:13/09/2015   –    11:30,
Location- Place, Altitude – Kaiga , Uttar Kannada, Karnataka, 380 mtrs
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-  Garden
Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Climber 

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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Clitoria ternatea :: cultivated :: DVOCT30 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 8 images. 

Clitoria ternatea L.
at Jawahar on December 20, 2009 
along Ghodbunder Road on September 13, 2008
along Ghodbunder Road on August 23, 2008 
along Ghodbunder Road on November 11, 2007


very nice to see. both white and the blue flowers. of non-hybrid type. white seems in someone’s garden


Yes, all from garden. 
Widely cultivated; exact native range not known. Not sure whether we find this plant growing wild in India.


 

 

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Fabaceae (Faboideae) Fortnight :: Clitoria ternatea :: Panipat :: NS OCT 15/15 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (4)

An ornamental climber with beautiful flowers..!!
Clitoria ternatea

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Fabaceae Fortnight: Clitoria ternatea:: Thane: NAOCT8 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)
Aka Butterfly Pea
Photographed in Thane, Maharashtra 
Date: October and November’ 2014
A climber, with flowers in blue or white colors
Also attached image of Grass Demon butterfly visiting the flowers of Butterfly Pea

 

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Attached images are Clitoria ternatea L. from Assam.


 

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Clitoria ternatea from Mumbai.


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SK739 19 SEP-2017:ID : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)

Location:  Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden,
                 Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.


Pl. check 

https://sites.google.com/site/efloraofindia/species/a—l/f/fabaceae/clitoria/clitoria-ternatea


Thank You … Clitoria ternatea L.

Nepali Names : अपराजिता Aparaajitaa / गोकर्ण Gokarna / शंखपुष्पी Shankhapushpee 


 

 

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Fwd: Aparajita (Clitoria ternatea) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 2 MB.  

 

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Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane

Date: May 5, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Clitoria ternatea  L.
Dear friends,
Please validate whether this double-petalled variety be known as Clitoria ternatea var. pleniflora Fantz.  

I think matches with images at Clitoria ternatea L.

Many thanks … I hope someone validates this posted plant to be variety pleniflora.

seems the double petaled blue violet clitoria flowers are this:  var pleniforum /pleniflora
check this pdf 
page number 44 of the pdf esp
ready pdf i had downloaded is below
Attachments (1)- botany classification CLIMBING PLANTS OF GUJARAT chapter 13_chapter4.pdf 


Yes …, I have asked the same name Clitoria ternatea var. pleniflora Fantz. for validation (in subject line as well as in post).

Many thanks for validating the ID.


great. then we will have these as refs in the data

 

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Clitoria ternatea L. : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3) – 1, 2 & 3 mb.

Location: Gundu, Kathmandu
Date: 17 October 2019
Elevation: 1519 m.

Habit : Cultivated


Nepali Names : अपराजिता Aparaajitaa/  शंखपुष्पी Shankhapushpee/ गोकर्ण Gokarna


Attachments (2)- 2 & 4 mb.  


Attachments (1)- 5 mb. 


Attachments (1)- 7 mb. 


References:

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