Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels, Pflanzenr. IV. 94 (Heft 46): 236 1910. (syn: Cebatha hirsuta (L.) Kuntze; Cocculus aristolochiae DC.; Cocculus hastatus DC.; Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W. Theobald (ambiguous synonym); Cocculus hirsutus Diels (ambiguous synonym); Cocculus hirsutus Druce (ambiguous synonym); Cocculus holopeira-torrida Broun & Massey; Cocculus sepium Colebr.; Cocculus villosus (Lam.) DC.; Holopeira auriculata Miers; Holopeira laeviuscula Miers; Holopeira torrida Miers; Holopeira villosa Miers; Limacia villosa (DC.) W. Theobald; Menispermum hastatum Lam.; Menispermum hirsutum L.; Menispermum myosotis L.; Menispermum myosotoides L.; Menispermum myosuroides Hill; Menispermum villosum Lam.) as per Catalogue of Life;
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels, H. G. A. Engler, Pflanzenr. IV. 94(Heft 46):236. 1910 (syn: (≡) Menispermum hirsutum L. (basionym)) as per GRIN;
India: In bush land and semi-desert scrubs, from plains to 1100 m. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu; Tropical Africa and Asia as per BSI Flora of India;
South Sudan, Sudan, Eritrea, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi, South Africa (Transvaal, KwaZulu-Natal), Botswana, Namibia,nSwaziland, Saudi Arabia (Asir), Bahrain, Oman (Mascat & Oman), Yemen (Tihama, W-Yemen), Pakistan (Sind, Pakistani Punjab), Sri Lanka, Nepal, India, Myanmar [Burma], SW-Thailand as per Catalogue of Life;
commonly known as: broom creeper, ink berry • Bengali: huyer • Hindi: फ़रीद बूटी farid buti • Kannada: ದಾಗಡಿ ಬಳ್ಳಿ daagadi balli, ದಾಗಡಿ ಸೊಪ್ಪು daagadi soppu, ಕಾಗೆ ಮಾರಿkaage maari • Konkani: वासनवेल vasanvel • Malayalam: പാതാളഗരുഡക്കൊടി paathaalagarudakkoti, പാതാളമൂലി paathaalamuuli • Marathi: वासनवेल vasanvel • Oriya: musakani • Punjabi: ਫਰੀਦ ਬੂਟੀ farid buti, ਵੱਲੂਰ wallur • Sanskrit: अम्बष्ठः ambastha, दीर्घकन्द dirghakanda, दीर्घवल्ली dirghavalli,गारुडी garudi, महामूल mahamula, पातालगारुडी patalagarudi, प्राचीनpracina, सौपर्णी sauparni, सोमवल्ली somavalli, श्रेयसी sreyasi, स्थपनीsthapani, वनतिक्तकः vanatiktaka, वत्सादनी vatsadani, विद्धकर्णीviddhakarni • Tamil: காட்டுக்கொடி kattu-k-koti • Telugu: చీపురుతీగ chipuru-tiga, దూసరితీగ dusaritiga, కట్లతీగె katlatige • Urdu: فريد بوٿي farid buti ;


(230509SCS-1-4) Wild Creeper with berries – indiantreepix | Google Groups : 7 posts by 4 authors. 4 images.

Saw this woody creeper covering an su-babul tree in Sonepat, Haryana today.
My search in the books and the net have so far produced no results.
ID request please.

that is Cocculus villosus of menispermaceae

Are the fruits edible? Did not any birds feeding on them.

‘Cocculus villosus’ is called ‘Vasan vel’ ‘वासनवेल’ in Marathi.
Leaves are used to made Bhaji (boiled and eaten mixed with salt and chili peppers) in Marathvada and Khandes area of Maharashtra.
The juce of riped berries were used to make a durable bluish-purple ink.
Stems and roots – used as in febrile conditions, dysentery, heart trouble and urinary disorders.

Thank you … for additional and useful information. Any idea about its Sanskrit name?

Here are the other names of… Cocculus villosus
English – Broom Creeper, Ink Berry
Sanskrit– Patalagarudga, Chilihindah पाताळगरूड,  छिलिहिण्‍डः
Hindi– Patalgarudi, Jaljamini पाताळगरूडी, जल‍जमनि
Kannad– Sogadiballi, Dusariballi
Malyalam– Patalgarudkkoti
Tamil– Kattukkoti
Telgu– Dusaratiga

Thank you …
I once again request all on this list to popularise the wonderful hobby of scientific ‘florawatching’ by giving/coining Common English Names as … does or by giving their local names as … and a few also provide.

Coculus hirtusa: 3 images.
Today at Kanakeshwar,Alibag
Coculus hirtusa
Marathi name: Vasanvel
Common Ink Berry

Cocculus hirsutus” will be the spelling !!

Cocculus hirsutus: 2 images.
Species: Cocculus hirsutus
Family :Menispermaceae
Habit : Lianas, Straggler
Habitat : Dry Deciduous Forest, Wastelands

Leaf Arrangement: Alternate
Leaf Shape :Ovate
Inflorescence:Panicle, Axillary
Flower Colour :Yellow
Anther :2 – celled
Stamen :6
Flowering Month:September-March
At Kanakeshwar,Alibag
01 Feb,2010


More pics from Karnal roadside area. 8 images.


Wild Climber for ID : Nasik,Maharashtra : AK-2: 1 image.
A very commonly found wild climber photographed in our home garden at Nasik on 8/8/12.
Haven’t come across any flowers or fruits.
id please.

Though the leaves are a bit different I think it is Cissampelos pareira ‘Pahadvel’ Menispermaceae

I hope this should be Cocculus hirsutus from the same family…

Thanks … I was completely wrong. I had actually Cocculus hirsutus in my mind for this species. Thanks for the ID. It is Cocculus hirsutus also called as Pahadvel.

please find the images of another key medicinal plant from Ranpur.
Name: cocculus hirsutus
Family: Menispermaceae
Habit: Climber
Habitat: Wild in deciduous forest growing on Bamboo and Soymida tree
Place of collection: Ranpur, nayagarh, Odisha

I thought this to be Pachygone sp.

Yes a very common but often dirty looking Menispermaceae member with inconspicuous flowers (Male and female different) also observed growing wild even in cities like Pune on roadside.


forgot to add the fruits. Attaching the fruits of Cocculus hirsutus to complete the set.

What is the size of fruit?

the size of Cocculus is 1 to 1.5 cm.


Hooghly Today : Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.:
This seems to be the Cocculus villosus DC. (of “Bengal Plants”) = Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels. (of FoP) = Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. = HUYER / DADAYA / DOIKHOIYE in Bengali.

Very nice pictures …
Cocculus hirsutus. from Menispermaceae family.
The male and female flowers are different in this family.
The sepals are hairy, the leaves are villous/hairy too. Male flowers in short axillary panicles.
As against:: the leaves at length are glabrous. Male flowers are in axillary fascicles and the sepals are glabrous too in Cocculus pendulus. Looking forward to find it from you some day.


Climber for ID : SPC-030 : 10-05-2013 : Baroda : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 3 authors.
Please help to identify this climber with fruits as seen in the attached photo. The fruits are not very big, about 1 cm at the most.

This looks like Cocculus hirsuitus – the Ink Berry Climber. Sending a few photographs.

Cocculus hirsutus


efloraofindia:”For Id 19022014MR1” climber with green flowers at Pune :19022014: MR-1 : Attachments (7).  5 posts by 3 authors.
Requesting identification of this climber on a fence of a housing society at Pune.
leaves soft, flowers-tiny pale green. could not make out if it is ornamental or wild

I think Cocculus hirsutus..

Yes Cocculus hirsutus पहाड वेल


ARJUL53 Climber for ID : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Bangalore July 2014

Cocculus hirsutus, I guess.

Cocculus hirsutus पहाड वेल


Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae & Nelumbonaceae Fortnight 11-24Oct.2014: Cocculus hirsutus (Menispermaceae) from Uttarakhand_DSR_2 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Cocculus hirsutus is an evergreen twiner restricted to few locations in Pantnagar (Uttarakhand).

Thanks … it is very well represented in plains..

Yes, probably one of the commonest species in the family.

Yes  …, it is common throughout India in plains but here in Uttarakhand I saw few plants in Pantnagar only. May be it will be common in adjacent plains. I have not seen it in Himalayan terrain in Uttarakhand.

Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae and Nelumbonaceae Fortnight :SN 03 . : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob, male climber from Chandapura area of Bangalore


Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae and Nelumbonaceae Fortnight :SN 05 . : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1).
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels – fruiting female twig

I found this last year, not posted earlier. But what will be the accepted name –

Good pictures … I would prefer to go with GRIN





Cocculus hirsutus

Yes …, nice pictures..

/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5920-5.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5937.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5934.jpg/wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5917-4.jpg /wp-content/uploads/2020/10/IMG_5930c.jpg
Menispermaceae, Berberidaceae, Nymphaeaceae and Nelumbonaceae Fortnight:: Menispermaceae:: – Cocculus hirsutus at Mumbai – -PKA1: : 1 post by 1 author. 5 images.
Came across this climber with tiny flowers and globuse fruits in Mumbai.

Botanical name:

Cocculus hirsutus




21-03-2010 /09:20 AM

Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- 


Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-


Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- 



Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-

Alternate, base some what  Cordate, Mucronate, velvety, 1.5 cm to 5 cm long, petiole 3 mm to 8mm (Photograph enclosed)

Inflorescence Type/ Size- 

Flowers on axillary stalks (Photograph enclosed)

Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-

Very small  2 to 5 mm across (Greenish), Peduncle: 0.4 to 1cm

Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds-


Globuse berry – 8 to 10mm (Greenish & dark purple)



This is another frequent climbing herb of our area..
Sharing pics from my home district, Kaithal.. Cocculus hirsutus

ANNOV63 Cocculus hirsutus : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).
Bangalore outskirts
November 2014

Beautiful macro …






Creeper for ID, Chittoor District, Andhra Pradesh NAW-MAR17-02 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6)
Kindly identify this creeper with minute pubescent flowers photographed near Madanapalle, Chittor District, Andhra Pradesh in February 2017.

… could be Cocculus hirsutus, not sure.

Cocculus hirsutus, Minespermeceae

22082017BHAR1 : 8 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (2) – 2 Mb each.
Found in Vandalur forest. Chennai.

Cocculus species. Could be C.hirsutus. Compare the characters.

May be Cocculus hirsutus

Cocculus hirsutus of Menispermiaceae? Not sure though
  • Location : outskirts of bangalore
  • Rampant, slender twiner, growing in the wild over medium shrubs in dry wasteland
  • leaves small, , alternate, very hairy on undersides, somewhat on upper surfaces.
  • Fruiting in November, fruit a laterally flattened spheroid, about 8 or 9 mm on longer side, no “flower” seen. Mature fruit black, full of purple juice

Please help me to know:
? Is that the forming fruit, the objects covered with very hairy sepals(?)?
? What plant is this ?

It looks like Cocculus hirsutus.

Had also thought of the Ink Berry Climber [Cocculus hirsutus], but was not sure what the sheathed brown structures were. Sending one of my photographs of C.hirsutus for comparison.

I think those hairy globose structures are infected (gall) fruits. Not sure though…

Thanks to   …: for the identification and introduction ot this family earlier unknown to me.
The flowers are there but being under 1.5 mm long I could not capture any details.
The fruit is 8mm or less, and leaf, peduncles, sepals are all densely pubescent
: … are these the definitive chars for C.hirsutus ?
Attached is a new image of the seed which is 5 mm long
Hope … would confirm these chars and size indicators for his specimen.

Liana for ID, Hyderabad, Telangana NAW-JAN19-01 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this climber with pale green leaves, starting to shade out a Holoptelea integrifolia tree in a house in Hyderabad city, Telangana, photographed in January 2019.

Check with Cocculus hirsutus

Cocculus hirsutus :: Yeoor Hills, part of SGNP :: 29 DEC 19 : 3 posts by 2 authors. 5 images.
Yeoor Hills  … part of Sanjay Gandhi National Park
Date: December 29, 2019 … Altitude range: about 100 ft (30 m) to 1575 ft (480 m) asl
Cocculus hirsutus  (L.) Diels


Cocculus hirsutus for validation : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Posting some images for validation.
A climber growing wild in Pune Maharashtra.
I think it’s Cocculus hirsutus.
Please validate

Yes it’s, you’re right sir,


Climber for ID : Nasik : 30MAR21 : AK-15: 3 images.
A wild climber with black berries seen by the roadside earlier this month. (30.3.21)

Cocculus hirsutus only


Cocculus hirsutus???: 4 images.
Please help me in confirming this climbers spotted in Kothrud, Pune when it was flowering in Jan 2021.
I think this is Cocculus hirsutus.

For me the ID seems to be correct. It is common here climbing electric poles

You’re right …

Interesting. I also find this climber near Electrical pole, what could be the reason?
1 image.


Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Dec 18, 2008 · JUN23 DV36: 6 images.
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Dec 18, 2008 · 11:21 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl


Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. :: Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 12, 2008 · JUN23 DV207: 2 images.
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
Waghbil, Thane, Maharashtra :: Apr 12, 2008 · 11:29 AM IST :: about 3 m (10 ft) asl


Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. :: Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · JUN23 DV434: 4 images.
Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
Shirgaon, Palghar :: Feb 26, 2023 · 10:43 AM IST :: about 14 m (46 ft) asl


Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. :: Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · JUN23 DV451: 2 images.

Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 11:42 AM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl
Many thanks to Shiwalee Samant for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob. :: Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · JUN23 DV458: 10 images.

Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theob.
Suruchi beach, Vasai :: Feb 23, 2023 · 10:56 AM IST :: about 12 m (39 ft) asl
Many thanks to Shiwalee Samant for validating the ID at iNaturalist


Menispermaceae: Cocculus hirsutus (L.) Diels: 2 images.
synonyms: Cocculus villosus (Lam.) DC., Cocculus hirsutus (L.) W.Theobald, Menispermum hirsutum L.
location/date (both): Tropical Forest Research Institute, Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, October 1994




Catalogue of Life  The Plant List Ver. 1.1  BSI Flora of India  GRIN, Flora of Pakistan & Flora of Nepal  (Author citation different from The Plant List)