KOH-kohs — from Portugese word coco for mask, referring to eyes-like depressions on fruit
noo-SIFF-er-uh — nut-bearing 
 
commonly known as: coconut • Bengali: নারকেল narakela, নারকেল narokel • Gujarati: નારિયેળ nariyel • Hindi: नारियल nariyal • Kannada: ತೆಂಗು tengu • Kashmiri: नोरिल noril • Konkani: नार्लु narlu • Malayalam: തെങ്ങ് thengu • Manipuri: য়ুবী yubi • Marathi: नारळ naral, श्रीफळ shriphal • Pali: नालिकेर nalikera • Punjabi: ਨਾਰੀਅਲ narial • Sanskrit: दीर्घपादपः dirgapadapah, दीर्घपत्रः dirghapatrah, दुर्हः durhah,कल्पवृक्ष kalpavriksha, करकम्भस् karakambhas, करकतोयः karakatoyah,कौशिकफलः kaushikaphalah, खानमुदकः khanamudakah, किकिः kikih, नारिकेरnarikera, त्रिनेत्रफलः trinetraphalah, तृणम्द्रुमः trnamdrumah,तृणम्राजः trnamrajah, तृणम्वृक्षः trnamvrukshah, उच्चतरुः uchchataru,विश्वामित्रप्रियः vishwamitrapriyah • Tamil: தெங்கு tengku • Telugu: నారికేడము nari-kelamu • Urdu: ناریل nariyel ;
 
Native of: Malesia, n Australia, s-w Pacific; widely naturalized / cultivated elsewhere;
 
Edible use:

… meat in a young coconut (as FRUIT) is softer and more gelatinous than a mature coconut, so much so, that it is sometimes known as coconut jelly … eaten fresh … Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut>… meat of mature coconut (as VEGETABLE) – shredded fresh, and used as additive in various recipes
… meat of mature coconut (as FRUIT) – eaten raw, or shredded fresh and used as additive or main ingredient in making of sweet delicacies
… apical buds of adult plants are edible (as VEGETABLE), and are known as”palm-cabbage” or heart-of-palm … considered a rare delicacy … as harvesting the buds kills the palms …
  (From Wikipedia)     

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Arecaceae (palm family) » Cocos nucifera
KOH-kohs — from Portugese word coco for mask, referring to eyes-like depressions on fruit
noo-SIFF-er-uh — nut-bearing

Native of: Malesia, n Australia, s-w Pacific; widely naturalized / cultivated elsewhere
Edible use:


… meat in a young coconut (as FRUIT) is softer and more gelatinous than a mature coconut, so much so, that it is sometimes known as coconut jelly … eaten fresh … Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut>… meat of mature coconut (as VEGETABLE) – shredded fresh, and used as additive in various recipes
… meat of mature coconut (as FRUIT) – eaten raw, or shredded fresh and used as additive or main ingredient in making of sweet delicacies
… apical buds of adult plants are edible (as VEGETABLE), and are known as”palm-cabbage” or heart-of-palm … considered a rare delicacy … as harvesting the buds kills the palms …
Wikipedia<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut>
some facts and trivia:


… origins of this plant are the subject of debate.
… Coconuts’ versatility is sometimes noted in its naming. In Sanskrit it is kalpa vriksha (“the tree which provides all the necessities of life”)
… spelling cocoanut is an old-fashioned form of the word
… term coconutcan refer to the entire coconut palm, the seed, or the fruit, which is not a botanical nut
… Indian state of Kerala is known as the Land of coconuts
… Coconut palms are grown in more than 80 countries of the world
… Coconuts received the name from Portuguese explorers, the sailors of Vasco da Gama in India, who first brought them to Europe. The brown and hairy surface of coconuts reminded them of a ghost or witch called Coco. … When coconuts arrived in England, they retained the coco name and nut was added.

Quoted from Wikipedia <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coconut>
… flood tolerant
… symbol of the tropics
… popularly known as “Tree of Life”, “Tree of Heaven”, “Kalpaviriksha”, “Tree of Abundance”, “Natures’ Supermarket” is grown in more than 93 countries
… Coconut provides food, drink, medicine, shelter and aesthetic sense
… sustains millions and millions of small holders of coconut for their livelihood.
… supports large number of coconut based industries and thereby the millions of labourers, both men and women are solely depending on this crop.
… consumed in more than 120 countries.

Quoted from EcoPort <http://ecoport.org/ep?Plant=744%20>
Symbolic status:
State Tree of Kerala, India 


-Here are some of the photos of coconut tree.
Place : Pattambi, Kerala
Date  : June 2010


Coconut is rarely to be seen in Delhi, with few small trees in odd nurseries or private homes, but there are a few full grown fruiting specimens in the compound of Cambridge School in Rajouri Garden. Here is the proof of that.


-There have not been coconut trees in Delhi because of its dry climate, with just 66 cm of annual rainfall, and acute winter (this year it has gone down to 2.5 degree C a few days back). A few specimens properly cared after survive at few places. These are only full grown fruiting specimens I have seen in Delhi.

 

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Branched Coconut: Please check the image posted by my friend in his facebook account.
its really interesting 
http://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1632824080824&set=a.1308374569… 


this is the photo


This photo is taken from Changanassery-Kottayam, Kerala 


 

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efloraofindia:”24082011MR1’’ Do you know that Mongoose eat tender Coconuts Pune: Attaching pictures of a Coconut tree and a Mongoose. This mongoose climbs the tree drops down tender coconuts and eats them. It also eats mangos and yes biscuits too if you offer. extremely active and alert sweet animal. Its body is so supple that easily slides away through the fence. It walks through cable wires for long distances from one building to another exactly at dusk time without ever falling down. 


Nice photograph of the Common Indian Grey Mongoose [Herpestes edwardsii]. 


Excellent photo of coconut tree and mongoose. Rather surprising how it breaks the tender coconut. 


.. the mongoose drops down very small tender coconuts which are not so hard and it can bite.


 

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efloraofindia:”For Id 29092011MR6’’ ?Dypsis lutescens Palm Pune:

Date/Time-Sep 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS-Pune
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Garden
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- ?Palm
Height/Length-One is in the pot and other about 3 feet
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size-green
Flowers and fruits not seen


I am sorry there has been some mix up in the Subject line I do not know how to edit it. I did not intend to write Dypsis lutescens but just ?Palm


The first two pictures are saplings of Cocos nucifera, the coconut tree.


Species : Cocos nucifera L.
H & H : a young plant in a private property
Date : 19/11/12, 12.30 p.m.
Place : Hooghly


 

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Palm Trees of Bangalore – RA – Cocos nucifera – Coconut Tree:  The Coconut Palm is a member of the palm family.  

It is the only species in the Genus Cocos, and is a large palm, growing to 30 m tall, with pinnate leaves 4-6 m long, pinnae 60-90 cm long; old leaves break away cleanly leaving the trunk smooth. The term coconut refers to the fruit of the coconut palm.  
The flowers of the coconut palm are polygamomonoecious, with both male and female flowers in the same inflorescence. Flowering occurs continuously, with female flowers producing seeds. Coconut palms are believed to be largely cross-pollinated, although some dwarf varieties are self-pollinating.  
The origin of this plant are the subject of controversy with some authorities claiming it is native to southeast Asia, while others claim its origin is in northwestern South America. Fossil records from New Zealand indicate that small, coconut-like plants grew there as far back 15 million years ago. Even older fossils have been uncovered in Rajasthan & Maharashtra, India.


Interesting and Informative series on palms.


 

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Flora of Kerala: Cocos nucifera L from Calicut Kerala: Cocos nucifera L from Calicut Kerala


Nice pictures. The ones with Orange fruits are known as ‘King Coconut’ in Sri Lanka and mainly used for drinking Coconut water.


The orange one is called ‘Malayan Dwarf Orange(MDO)’ and the green one is a hybrid of WCT (West Coast Tall) and Chowghat Dwarf Green (CDG)


In Indonesia, the orange one is called ‘Kelapa Raja’ which means ‘King Coconut’, the same as those in Sri Lanka.


 

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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: SN Aug 04 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2).  
Cocos nuciferacoconut tree cultivated near Hosur, Tamilnadu


 

 

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Cocos nucifera L., Sp. Pl. 2: 1188. 1753.
Coconut palm, photographed from Cambridge School Rajouri Garden, Delhi


 

 

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Photogaphed today (12.8.14), very favourite to all of us!


Very beautiful..thanks …for sharing..


Thank you Sir, we have a few aged trees.


  

 

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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight-Arecaceae 17 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4).  
Cocos nucifera from Lakshadweep.


 

 

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Attached are pictures of Cocos nucifera captured at Mumbai in August 2012.


Thanks for showing inflorescence 


 

 

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The fruits had Orange cover, were known as King Coconut and were good for drinking Coconut Water.


Singapur coconut? variety is it? what is conventionally called?


Probably Malayan Dwarf Orange. 


 

 

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AAZ Fortnight :: Arecaceae :: SMP35 :: Cocos nucifera. Kochi : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3).
Cocos nucifera


 

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Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: August 1 to 14, 2014 : Arecaceae : Cocos nucifera : Nasik : 210814 : AK-77 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4). Coconut from our home garden and Dwarf variety from a farm.


Thanks … for showing close up of the flowers..


 

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TSPDEC2015-22-195:Images of Cocos nucifera (Arecaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (6)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Cocos nucifera (Arecaceae 

Habit: Palm 

Habitat: Cultivated 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 

Date: 27-03-2014, 24-05-2014 and 24-10-2014


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Fwd: PROTECTION OF COCONUT TREE : COOCH BEHAR : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
When we came to Cooch Behar in 1972, there were hardly any brick built houses in this town, other than the palace, govt. offices, some schools and colleges. Every house was an individual unit with lot of space to have trees and to maintain gardens. The floor of the hoses were either of wooden planks or cemented. The side walls and the roofs were of tin.

Each house had few coconut trees. But as the concept of houses changed gradually people opted for concrete structures. But they used to make the house in such a way that coconut trees are accommodated. No other tree was that lucky. I don’t know the logic behind this preferential treatment to coconut tree. Now the landscape is totally changed and it is changing very fast. Many multistory building has come up.if you move around in the town you will find many instances of accommodating coconut tree in the house.
Attaching three images of houses accommodating coconut tree.
First image is of a famous cloth shop (LAXMINARAYAN BASTRALAYA) , located at the centre of this town,
Called HARISH PAL CHOWPATHI. When we came here this shop was housed in a tin structure, but the coconut tree was there. In fact the trunk of this tree is at the centre of the shop. Now the shop is in a concrete structure of two floors, but the coconut tree is hail and hearty.
The second image is of a house where the tree is not exactly at the centre but on a side. But it is accommodated.
In the third image the tree is out side the building ,but there are cuts near the wall to accommodate the tree.
Recently this building was given a fresh coating of colour. In his wisdom the owner of the house has applied the same colour on the trunk of the tree (matching ??). The result is in the image. Man, intelligent man thinks trees are to be painted to give a better look. Misplaced conception.


what a wonderful observation.
Its also a story of these three families that are ecologically sophisticated and kindly to a living form.
Cynicals will say its a source of yearly income.
But how much can that be?
I think the most prevailing thought must have been saving the tree, 
any tree, they perhaps would have even if it were a neem or a mango tree.
bless them for being ecologically aware, open minded, and kind hearted. and thank you for bringing this story to us

 

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SK1761 26 Jan 2019 : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) – 6 Mb.
Location : Marina Bay Garden , Singapore
Date : 18 October 2012

Elevation : 25 m.

Habit : Cultivated
Coconut?

Yes. Appears so. 


Yes, it is. The colors of the fruits due to nutrients and mineral composition of the soil.


yes sometimes seen in pictures from tourism essys from Ceylon

SYMBIOSIS : 1419 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Hornet visiting flowers of Cocos nucifera (Coconut)

 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 1420 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Common Hedge Blue visiting flowers of Cocos nucifera (COCONUT)  

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 1421 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of wasp visiting flowers of Cocos nucifera.

 

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 1422 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Malayan butterfly visiting flowers of Cocos nucifera.

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 1424 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of bee visiting flowers of Cocos nucifera (COCONUT).

 

Unknown fruit : 6 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
I would like to know the name of the plant that produces this fruit seen on a market in Delhi!
Can you give some information?

Appears to be dry coconut kernel.


Can you share the cut portion of the fruit? Also how does it taste? 🙂


Hello everyone and thank you foryour answers!

Excuse me for posting such an obvious topic…
But I’m French and I’m not used to seeing dried coconuts without their exterior coating!
In the markets we see a lot of products whose origin we do notKnow.
Don’t blame me for my curiosity!


References:

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