Commiphora caudata (Wight & Arn.) Engl., Monogr. Phan. 4: 27 1883. (Syn: Amyris acuminata Roxb.; Amyris serratifolia Rottl. ex A. W. Benn.; Balsamea caudata (Wight & Arn.) Engl.; Balsamodendrum caudatum (Wight & Arn.) March.; Balsamodendrum roxburghianum (Wight & Arn.) Wall. ex Voigt; Commiphora roxburghii (Wight & Arn.) Alston; Protionopsis caudata (Wight & Arn.) Bl.; Protionopsis roxburghiana (Wight & Arn.) Bl.; Protium caudatum Wight & Arn.; Protium caudatum Wight & Arn.);
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India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Kerala), Sri Lanka as per Catalogue of Life;
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A moderate sized handsome tree grows up to 10 meters in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate pinnete 5-7 leaflets opposite, smooth, with wavy margins. Flowers small, in fascicles. Fruits ovoid, fleshy single seeded drupes. Bark is easily pealing off type, leaving a greenish grey appearance for the fresh bark;
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Submission of Commiphora caudata flower and fruit : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)

As I found this site has no fruit and flower images of Commiphora caudata I am submitting the same.

Photographed at Rapur-Chitvel ghat 



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20 Feb 2010 4:30pm- Combatore Dist. ca. 450msl; Ornamental plant for id 230210MK1 – efloraofindia | Google Groups

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Trees of Lalbagh – bagalore – RA – Commiphora caudata – Hill Mango Tree:  This member of the Burseraceae family was given this name by Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler in 1883.
It is found in India: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu and in Sir Lanka, growing in-between 750 and 1100 meters altitude.
It grow mostly in gravely soil, receiving some water in summer and none in winter and full sun.
The stem can grow to 15-25 centimetres in diameter and 12-20 meters high.

The flowers are greenish yellow.


Thanks for sharing this beautiful tree from
Family : Burseraceae
It has medicinal value similar to other Burseraceae members.
Was it growing wild or cultivated in garden?



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Commiphora caudata:  Bark and leaves of Commiphora caudataA moderate sized handsome tree grows up to 10 meters in height. Leaves compound, imparipinnate pinnete 5-7 leaflets opposite, smooth, with wavy margins. Flowers small, in fascicles. Fruits ovoid, fleshy single seeded drupes. Bark is easily pealing off type, leaving a greenish grey appearance for the fresh bark

photographed in Panchapalli, near Denkanikotai


Thanks for sharing this beautiful tree from
Family : Burseraceae
I hope it has medicinal value similar to other Burseraceae members.
The place mentioned is is Tamil Nadu. Am I right?
Was it growing wild or cultivated in garden?


oh yes sir..it has a got a number of medicinal properties, bark and leaves are extensively used.
yes sir, Tamilnadu, Krishnagiri district- this is proper Eastern Ghat forest.. found it growing wild next to a stream.


Nice photos…….the bark and leaf (leaf tips) are very interesting. Is it C.caudata or……….C.berryi, C.caudata, C.pubescens, C.wightii, ……we need to confirm. Did you find it on a slope, rock crevice ?


Yes it appears to be Commiphora caudata3-7 leaflets, unequal at base, end leaf long petioled. All these features are clear in the photo.


This place near Denkanikottai, Tamilnadu is also known as Melagiri -merging point of the Eastern and Western Ghats
Melagiri has rich floral diversity.


In many regions in South Karnataka C.caudata is used for fencing village areas like agricultural plots, cattlesheds, goatsheds etc.
Its propogated by branch cuttings also.
Its called ‘Konda maavu’ because the crushed leaves smell like raw mango. (maavu means mango).

By the way …, did you smell the crushed lvs.


Oh..hill mango is it ..thanks for the info. No I didn’t smell the leaves..now after reading about it..I very much regret not doing that..it was out of reach also



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For ID Tree from Coimbatore of 05-Aug-14 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Road side planted tree in Coimbatore. Retains a slightly green texture in its bark.


Commiphora caudata



Images by Satish Phadke

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This small tree was observed in flowering phase today on the outskirts of Pune Maharashtra.
The bark pale yellowish gray. Flowers very small red coloured with four united petals as seen in the picture 0.5 cm or less in dichasial cymes.
The leaves are trifoliate and apparantly appear like Bael (Aegle marmalos)


this plant on first look seems to be member od burseraceae family and
most probably commiphora sp.


After looking at … pictures of Commiphora caudata I searched one plant posted by me on 22Feb 09. Which was also suggested to be from Burseraceae and aptly as Commidora sp. by …  Now again resurfacing for validation


Yes …, i too think it is Commiphora caudata

Anyone have pictures of Commiphora berryi (Arn.) Engler, a small cultivated tree?


Here is a link for you Muthu. It is a profusely thony shrub with smaller leaflets.
i have some query with the Species of Commiphora genus.
i had collected two specimen of this genus namely, C.wightii and C. stockii. but other resources says that form arid and semi arid region of Gujarat only, C. wightii recorded but in the Flora of the Bombay precidency this both species were mention. the character by which they are differ is the present of spine and absence of spine.
so, i want to conferm that is there now any species is exist Namely C. stockii ?????????
and if yes then can you give me discription of it , or no than why it is mention in Flora of Bombay precidency ???????

BSI Flora of Maharashtra mentions only C.wightii species from Genus Commiphora.
Can it be the C.Wightii then?


this plant is not C. wightii (which is a stiff, woody, thorny, irregularly branched shrub or small tree found in arid parts of Rajasthan).

Commiphora stocksiana is a different species confined to W.Pakisthan.

This plant is Commiphora stocksiana (Bayisa gugal). also confirmed by … as it has no thorns.
… I think you are looking for the same plant name rather than some other spellings.
This is my personal opinion unless you find some other plant with the names as you are suggesting. I think as this is from same Burseraceae family from which we get the conventional Salai tree (Boswellia serrata) the source of medicinal Gugul. This tree must be oosing out some kind of Gugul……..


Thanks for the clarification, … Its a new plant for me.

Kindly let us know the status of occurrence of this species. Does it occur in wild? where? or is it planted? Infact, if i am right, all members of Burseraceae family have the character of exuding gum. However, the original medicinal gum ‘Guggul’ is extracted from Commiphora mukul = C. wightii (but in the market samples you can see many adulterations including the gum of mango tree). Majority of the Guggul found in indian markets is imported from Pakistan. And as far as i know C. stocksiana is restricted to Pakistan. (i don’t know the erstwhite Presidence of Bombay included some part of Pakisthan too, that’s why Cooke included in his flora?).


I agree with … as per images, references and details at Commiphora caudata
Commiphora stocksiana (Engl.) Engl. is not reported from the area as per the following:
Catalogue of Life (syn. of Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C. Christ.) 

 


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ID confirmation MS270311 20-Commiphora caudata.: I am sending the photographs of  Commiphora caudata of Burseraceae family for ID confirmation. Place of photograph taken Kokkare Bellur, Mandya district, Karnataka.


ti think this is Commiphora stocksiana  गुग्गुळ


… is right. I had earlier posted this on the group and .. had given the ID.


I agree with … as per images and details at Commiphora caudata
Commiphora stocksiana (Engl.) Engl. is not reported from the area as per the following:
Catalogue of Life (syn. of Commiphora gileadensis (L.) C. Christ.) 


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Is this bel tree : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)

Is the attached pic tree is bel tree ? original bel had very rough trunk, but this has arjun tree like greenish trunk,
Pic taken in Pune.

what a co incidence i also posted  same tree  for identification narendra jee this is Commiphora sp. (गुग्गुळ च्या जातीतले)


This is not Bel of Rutaceae. This is Commiphora of Burseraceae. Can’t guess sp from this.

Pl. Check comparative images at

Mostly it is Commiphora caudata. Please crush the leaves & smell. If it smells mango, it is the suggested species. We have plenty of these trees. Trees are used for supporting  jasmine climbers. ITree is kown as  konda mavu in kannada.

Thank you very much every one for this great information, appreciated.

Here is the story for this query:
We have this Commiphora tree everywhere in Maharashtra where due to its close resemblance to “Bel Tree” people have been worshiping and treating it like that since many many years. In fact in my hose as well its planted in a large pot since decades, its surviving well.
At Baner hills, Pune, it got planted under plantation around 5-6 years back and everyone used to call it “Bel Tree”, now we know its  Commiphora or Guggul in marathi. Its very medicinal and has very useful in many many ailments right from headache to TB n what not.

But i have yet to see its flowers or fruits.



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Commiphora : 5 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

Which commiphora is this

Picture taken at aurangabad

Pl. Check comparative images at


Closet I can reach as per comparative images at Commiphora is Commiphora caudata
When and where was it clicked ?

last month one of my friend click this picture at Aurangabad, Maharashtra



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Und : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Please help me for identification of this plant..


Wild or cultivated ? when & where ?


Please check for Commiphora sps (Commiphora caudata ???) .  Also check whether leaves smell like mango when crushed for confirmation.


I too agree with …



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References:

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