Cordia monoica Roxb., Pl. Coromandel 1: 43 1796. (syn: Cordia bakeri Britten; Cordia dioica Bojer ex A.DC.; Cordia diversa Thwaites; Cordia kabarensis De Wild.; Cordia obovata Baker [Illegitimate]; Cordia ovalis R.Br. ex A.DC.; Cordia polygama Roxb.; Cordia quarensis Gürke; Cordia rubra Hochst. ex A.Rich.; Gerascanthus bakeri (Britten) Borhidi; Gerascanthus dioicus (Bojer ex A.DC.) Borhidi; Gerascanthus monoicus (Roxb.) Borhidi [Invalid]; Lithocardium monoicum Kuntze (Unresolved); Lithocardium ovale Kuntze (Unresolved));
Trees, to 10 m high; branchlets lenticellate, tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-20 mm, slender, tomentose when young, glabrous at maturity; lamina 4-10 x 1.5-7 cm, ovate, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, base round, truncate or acute, apex acute or obtuse; upper surface scabrous with prominent whitish points, villous or tomentose beneath, coriaceous; 3-5 nerves from base, palmate, lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamous, white, subsessile, in small dense tomentose paniculate cymes; calyx tube 8 mm, obconic, densely tomentose outside, glabrous inside, unevenly 3-4 lobed, lobes 5 mm, triangular, accrescent; corolla funnel shaped, lobes[ 4]-5, longer than the tube, oblong, stamens 4-; filaments attached to the mouth of corolla tube, 3 mm, glabrous; anthers 1.5 mm; ovary superior, 4-celled, hairy, ovule one in each cell; stigma clavate. Fruit a drupe, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, yellow, ovoid with a mucronate tip, fulvous-pubescent; stone 4-celled; seed one.
Flowering and fruiting: December-April
Dry deciduous forests
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka
Tree for id 151209MK2 : Attachments (4 + 1 + 2). 13 posts by 5 authors.
Kindly help to identify this small tree. It is common in the plains of scrub jungle. Locally called ‘Sellamaram’.
Place: Satyamangalam forest division, TN
Alt: 300 – 400 msl
Date: 06 Dec 2009
this is Cordia, probably C. monoica
Thank you sir. The leaves are scrabrid and used for cattle feeding.
Thanks for the pictures & useful info, … Also the bark is characteristically smooth & grey. Pl confirm the species by referring flora. Keep posting the pictures from Sathyamangalam forests, they are very interesting. A species of Euphorbia has been described from this place (i forgot the sp name, pl check FTN or the revision). Hope you enjoyed watching several species of wild fauna too there.
Cordia for sure.. the dried forked stigma clearly points towards Cordia sps.
Thanks for further validation
i am too supporting the genus Cordia sp but not sure about the species…… waiting for experts to comment.
Attaching the picture of flowers of the same tree
It is Cordia monoica Roxb. please check it for its description. It is a member of Dry deciduous to scrub jungle species.
Thanks … for the photos and … for the ID. This quite new for me
Identification of tree specimen : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help me to identify the attached specimen
Place: Vellore, Tamilnadu
Date: June 2015
Upper surface of the leaf is very rough and the lower surface is smooth to touch. Tree gives a copper look.
Boraginaceae for sure. Could this be Cordia sebestena?
Doesn’t look like Cordia sebestena.
I attach additional specimens captured on 10-07-15 to facilitate the identification process
Scabrous leaves (with a few white disks in pic DSC_0269.JPG?), tomentose calyx, yellow drupe suggest Cordia monoica Roxb.
A specimen shown in the following link exactly matches with the specimen attached by me
It is mentioned as Cordia ovalis.
Further observations solicited.
The following description suits well with attached specimen
Shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Leaves alternate, broadly obovate-oblong to almost circular, very rough on the upper surface, covered in soft rusty hairs below; margin entire or slightly toothed. Flowers in dense terminal heads; calyces and stalks covered in yellowish hairs. Fruit fleshy, ovoid, orange-yellow when ripe, cupped in the persistent remains of the calyx.
It is mentioned as Cordia monoica Roxb. (Syn. Cordia ovalis Hochst. ex A.DC.)
04082017BHAR2 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Found in Vandalur forest.
Small size tree.
Cordia monoica of Boraginaceae?
May be Cordia dichotoma
Mostly matches with efi site: Cordia monoica
Yes it is Cordia monoica
Cordia monoica : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – around 950 kb each.
Found in Vandalur.
new to me, never seen fruits
Do you know C dichotoma?
Yes, I do.
we call it Gunda in Gujarati and make pickles. available in bengal in beginning of real heat in summer. comes mainly from farms or forests in Bihar i think.
Last year i even found them in indian grocery store in southern california, my uncle knew which exact store was carrying them.
and they were rationing them, a handful to each customer each, phew! my uncle made me stand in the line too and got my finger all sticky.
that i remember from my childhood when i used to help my mom make pickles and had to remove the pits from each Gunda.
and sometimes used that glue to stick papers tails to kites !!! fun.
now tell me. what is this one c. monoica used for?
C monica: fruit size is small and yellow. I don’t care a plant for its home or economical use.
Ok, thanks. but are you going to plant some or grow some seeds of it?
Re: Cordia species : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Mettur Salem Tamilnadu
Add some charcters like Habit and others …
There is also a possibility of Cordia macleodii Hook.f. & Thomson
We have to find the keys between the two.
Looks very much like Cordia monoica
Dr. K. M. Nadkarni&s Indian materia medica. 1, Volume 2 edited by K. M. Nadkarni