Trees, to 10 m high; branchlets lenticellate, tomentose. Leaves simple, alternate, estipulate; petiole 5-20 mm, slender, tomentose when young, glabrous at maturity; lamina 4-10 x 1.5-7 cm, ovate, elliptic, elliptic-ovate, base round, truncate or acute, apex acute or obtuse; upper surface scabrous with prominent whitish points, villous or tomentose beneath, coriaceous; 3-5 nerves from base, palmate, lateral nerves 4-5 pairs, pinnate, prominent, intercostae scalariform, prominent. Flowers polygamous, white, subsessile, in small dense tomentose paniculate cymes; calyx tube 8 mm, obconic, densely tomentose outside, glabrous inside, unevenly 3-4 lobed, lobes 5 mm, triangular, accrescent; corolla funnel shaped, lobes[ 4]-5, longer than the tube, oblong, stamens 4-[5]; filaments attached to the mouth of corolla tube, 3 mm, glabrous; anthers 1.5 mm; ovary superior, 4-celled, hairy, ovule one in each cell; stigma clavate. Fruit a drupe, 2.5 x 1.5 cm, yellow, ovoid with a mucronate tip, fulvous-pubescent; stone 4-celled; seed one.
Flowering and fruiting: December-April
Dry deciduous forests
Peninsular India and Sri Lanka

Tree for id 151209MK2 : Attachments (4 + 1 + 2). 13 posts by 5 authors.

Kindly help to identify this small tree. It is common in the plains of scrub jungle. Locally called ‘Sellamaram’.

Place: Satyamangalam forest division, TN
Alt: 300 – 400 msl

Date: 06 Dec 2009

this is Cordia, probably C. monoica

Thank you sir. The leaves are scrabrid and used for cattle feeding.


Attached is the picture of ripe fruits.

Thanks for the pictures & useful info, … Also the bark is characteristically smooth & grey. Pl confirm the species by referring flora. Keep posting the pictures from Sathyamangalam forests, they are very interesting. A species of Euphorbia has been described from this place (i forgot the sp name, pl check FTN or the revision). Hope you enjoyed watching several species of wild fauna too there.

Cordia for sure.. the dried  forked stigma clearly points towards Cordia sps.

Thanks for further validation

i am too supporting the genus Cordia sp but not sure about the species…… waiting for experts to comment.

Attaching the picture of flowers of the same tree

It is Cordia monoica Roxb. please check it for its description. It is a member of Dry deciduous to scrub jungle species. 

Thanks … for the photos and … for the ID. This quite new for me

Identification of tree specimen : 9 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (3)
Please help me to identify the attached specimen
Place:  Vellore, Tamilnadu
Date: June 2015
Small tree.
Upper surface of the leaf is very rough and the lower surface is smooth to touch. Tree gives a copper look.

Boraginaceae for sure. Could this be Cordia sebestena?

Doesn’t look like Cordia sebestena.
Wild or planted?

I attach additional specimens captured on 10-07-15 to facilitate the identification process
Attachments (2)

Scabrous leaves (with a few white disks in pic DSC_0269.JPG?), tomentose calyx, yellow drupe suggest Cordia monoica Roxb.

A specimen shown in the following link exactly matches with the specimen attached by me

It is mentioned as Cordia ovalis.
Further observations solicited.

The following description suits well with attached specimen
Shrub or small, multi-stemmed tree. Leaves alternate, broadly obovate-oblong to almost circular, very rough on the upper surface, covered in soft rusty hairs below; margin entire or slightly toothed. Flowers in dense terminal heads; calyces and stalks covered in yellowish hairs. Fruit fleshy, ovoid, orange-yellow when ripe, cupped in the persistent remains of the calyx.
It is mentioned as Cordia monoica Roxb. (Syn. Cordia ovalis Hochst. ex A.DC.)

04082017BHAR2 : 9 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Found in Vandalur forest.
Small size tree.

Cordia monoica of Boraginaceae?

May be Cordia dichotoma

Mostly matches with efi site: Cordia monoica

Yes it is Cordia monoica


Cordia monoica : 7 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2) – around 950 kb each.
Found in Vandalur.

new to me, never seen fruits

Do you know C dichotoma?

Yes, I do. 

we call it Gunda in Gujarati and make pickles. available in bengal in beginning of real heat in summer. comes mainly from farms or forests in Bihar i think.
Last year i even found them in indian grocery store in southern california, my uncle knew which exact store was carrying them.
and they were rationing them, a handful to each customer each,  phew! my uncle made me stand in the line too and got my finger all sticky.
that i remember from my childhood when i used to help my mom make pickles and had to remove the pits from each Gunda.
and sometimes used that glue to stick papers tails to kites  !!! fun.

now tell me. what is this one c. monoica used for?

C monica: fruit size is small and yellow. I don’t care a plant for its home or economical use.

Ok, thanks. but are you going to plant some or grow some seeds of it?


Re: Cordia species : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)Mettur S
alem Tamilnadu

Add some charcters like Habit and others …

May be Cordia monoica Roxb. as per images and details herein and as per comparative images at Cordia

There is also a possibility of Cordia macleodii Hook.f. & Thomson

We have to find the keys between the two.

Looks very much like Cordia monoica

Identification of the shrub requested : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (4).

the attached images of the plant is a shrub, about 2 m tall, young branches and leaves rusty tomentose, leaves alternate, 3-4.5 x 2.5-3cm, flowers sessile on terminal panicles. flowers 4 merous. fruit not seen. please help me in the identification of the plant. Photographed at Eastern ghats of Nellore district.

Cordia sp.

Cordia species in India & eFIoraofindia with details & some keys

It looks interesting. Please follow it up and try to collect fruits

Cordia monoica

Yes, I agree with …, as per images at Cordia monoica Roxb.


Please help me for identification of Cordia sp. collected from Kerala.

To me appears close to images at Cordia monoica Roxb.

Pl. confirm or otherwise.

Yes …, Cordia monoica,




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