koo-roo-PEE-ta — Latinized form of the French Guiana vernacular name, kouroupitoumou … Dave’s Botanary
gee-uh-NEN-sis — of or from French Guiana (Guyana), South America … Dave’s Botanary 


commonly known ascannonball tree • Bengaliনাগলিঙ্গম nagalingam • Gujaratiકૈલાસપતિ kailaspatiશિવલીંગી shivalingi • Hindiनागलिंगम् nagalingamतोप गोला toap gola • Kannadaಲಿಂಗದ ಹೂವಿನಮರ lingada hoovinamaraನಾಗಲಿಂಗ ಪುಷ್ಪ ಮರ nagalinga pushpa mara • Malayalamനാഗലിംഗം nagalingam • Marathiकैलासपती kailasapatiनागलिंगम वृक्ष nagalingam vrksa • Odiaନାଗକେଶର nagakesaraନାଗେଶ୍ୱର nageshwaraନାଗଲିଙ୍ଗ nagalinga • Tamilநாகலிங்கம் nagalingam • Teluguనాగలింగ nagalingaశివలింగపుష్పం shivalingapushpam • Tuluನಾಗಲಿಂಗ nagalinga 
The flowers are used in the worship of Lord Shiva. 
 

The “Cannonball Tree” is so called because of its brown cannon-ball-like fruits.

 
The tree sheds its leaves thrice in a year, if there is an external environmental pollution near the tree, it will shed its leaves and will remain leafless for a week. In Mumbai it flowers throughtout the year.  

The flowers are large, up to 6 cm wide, and often brightly colored, the six petals in shades of pink and red near the bases and yellowish toward the tips. There is a ring of stamens at the center, and an arrangement to stamens that have been modified into a hood. Some trees flower profusely, until the entire trunk is buried in flowers. They are strongly scented, especially at night and in the early morning. The tree bears, directly on the trunk and main branches, large globose woody fruits.

Cannonball Tree is native to rain forest of the Guiana’s in Northeastern South America.   


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– We have two trees growing in our society compound.  The flowers are used in the worship of Lord Shiva. Fruits looks like a canon ball, hence it is also called cannon ball tree.


– I saw this tree first time there and nobody was allowed to go near to it to safeguard flowers for worship. Zoom lens could help me to get closeup


If there is air pollution near the tree, it sheds it leaves and new leaves appear after some days.


– the tree sheds its leaves thrice in a year, if there is an external environmental pollution near the tree, it will shed its leaves and will remain  leafless for a week. In Mumbai it flowers throughtout the year.


 

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It is my pleasure to share few images of Couroupita guianensis (Lecythidaceae
Habit: Tree
Habitat: Cultivated..
Sighting: Sakaleshpur, Hassan, Karnataka, about 1000 msl 
Date: 1-02-2015 


colourful. we see this tree in many parks in west Bengal.
ps have you ever broken open the dense round football like fruit? any pictures. what are the fruits used for?

 

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Fwd: Plant I D : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)


Couroupita guianensis   कैलासपती 


Yes, …,  is correct.


 

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Flower of Couroupita guianensis, Cannonball tree: Just wanted to share this Cannonball tree flower image. 


 

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A few pictures of the magnificent CannonBall Tree/Flowers,etc. – Couroupita guainensis:  This magnificent tree is also called Nagalinga, Shivalinga, Tope Gola. Growing in the neighbouring compound, the tree affords great opportunities for photography. 


Most common cultivated tree in Southern India. 



The நாகலிங்க மரம்/ Cannonball Tree (Couroupita guianensis): Sighted the Naagalinga Maram (நாகலிங்க மரம்)/ Cannonball Tree (Couroupita guianensis), is an evergreen tree native to tropical northern South America and to the southern Caribbean. In India it has been growing for the past two or three thousand years at least, as attested by textual records; hence it is possible that it is native to India also.
It belongs to the Lecythidaceae family and grows up to 25m in height.

The “Cannonball Tree” is so called because of its brown cannon-ball-like fruits. 

 

The majority of these trees outside their natural environment have been planted as a botanical curiosity, as they grow very large, distinctive flowers. Its flowers are orange, scarlet and pink in color, and form large bunches measuring up to 3m in length. 

 

They produce large spherical and woody fruits ranging from 15 to 24cm in diameter, containing up to 200 or 300 seeds apiece.
The flowers do not have nectar, so these flowers are mainly visited by bees in search of pollen; outside the native range of habitat, carpenter bees are considered to be the principal pollinators. Both the fruit and the flower grow from stalks which sprout from the trunk of the tree. The flowers are found on thick tangled extrusions that grow on the trunk of the tree; these are found just below the foliage branches. The extrusions however, can range from two to six feet in length. The flowers are attached to an upwardly bent, white fleshy disk. The flowers have six petals, which are large, orange-red, and strongly perfumed. In pollination, fertile stamens can be found in a ring around reduced style and stamens. The sterile pollen is located in the anthers. As a bee enters to pollinate the flower, its back rubs against the ring with fertile pollen; this allows the bee to carry the fertile pollen to another flower. The differences in the pollen was noticed by French botanist Antoine Porteau in 1825. The differences in the pollen are as follows: the pollen of the ring stamens is fertile, while the hood pollen is sterile.
The tree gets its common name from the large, spherical fruits it produces. The fruit falls from the tree and cracks open when it hits the ground when mature, often causing the sound of a small explosion. The fruit emits an unpleasant aroma when exposed to the air. Individual seeds within the “ball” are coated with hair, which is thought to protect the seed when it is ingested and may also help in the passage of the seed through the intestines. The cannonball tree and it’s fruit are thought by some to be remnants of the last ice age, like the “hedge apple” or “osage orane” of north America. The fruit is thought to be an adaptation provided for the giant ground sloth, a long extinct species. Today instead of seeds being dispersed by the large extinct mammal, the fruit simply rots around the base of it’s mother tree. Like coconut palms, the trees should not be planted near paths or near traffic-filled areas, as the heavy nut is known to fall without notice.
The trees are grown extensively in Shiva temples in India. In Hindi it is called Shiv Kamal and also known as “Kailaspati“. It is called the Nagalingam tree in Tamil. The flowers are called Shivalinga flowers in Hindi; Nagalinga Pushpa in Kannada; Nagamalli flowers or Mallikarjuna flowers in Telugu. Hindus revere it as a sacred tree because the petals of the flower resemble the hood of the Naga, a sacred snake, protecting a Shiva Lingam, the stigma.
The Cannonball Tree possesses antibiotic, antifungal, antiseptic and analgesic qualities. The trees are used to cure colds and stomach aches. Juice made from the leaves is used to cure skin diseases, and shamans of South America have even used tree parts for treating malaria. The inside of the fruit can disinfect wounds and young leaves ease toothache. The fruit emits an unpleasant odor and can be used as an insect repelent just by rubbing it to the skin or clothes.

  

 

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efloraindia: 171111; Sharing the images of Cannonball Tree (Couroupita guianensis), from NBNP Garden, Coimbatore.


Yes Couroupita guianensis
Family : Lecythidaceae


Adding the images of Cannonball Tree fruit.


 

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My Flora Picture of the Year-2011- Couroupita guianensis:  Last year in Jan 2011. I got a chance to attend NCC National Integration camp in Tirupati City (S V Arts College Campus), We visited many places there and captured lots of plants. During the visit of a local Lord Shiva Temple, I was asking cadets to come back soon and sit in the vehicle then a girl cadet of our group called me and asked the name of some flowers, people were carrying those to offer to lord Shiva. I was also stunned to see the beauty of flowers. then i asked to some pilgrims abut the tree from where they are getting those flowers, but language barrier!! I could not get anything. Then a local cadet said me Sir tree is there. I was mesmerized to see the tree and flowers. Flowers were at some height, still i was able to capture those flowers. I saw Couroupita guianensis there first time. Really this was the shot of the Tour for me there.


I was mesmerised by its smell in a Park in the morning in Hyderabad & later could find out this tree.
One of the beutiful flowers to be captured.
 

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FROM THE NATURE:  Attaching images of two beautiful flowers.You may like these.
( a ) Brownea Sp. This is what K S Gopalaswamiengar says about Brownea, in his book Complete Gardening in India  “The Browneas have been introduced from Central America and Trinidad, are very ornamental, very slow growing garden trees, bearing large clusters of rose or crimson flowers.”
( b ) Cannon-Ball Tree ( Couroupita guianensis ). The common name is approprate, as the fruit looks like CANNON BALL. It is said that Swami Vivekananda liked this flower And this is the reason why the tree is planted in Ramkrisha Maths/Ashrams.


 

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Cannon Ball tree from Calicut, Kerala :  Attachments (14). 4 posts by 4 authors.

A few pictures of the Cannon Ball tree, Couroupita guianensis.
Family: Lecythidaceae
Native to tropical South America and the Caribbean.
Picture taken on 14th March 2013 from a garden in Calicut city, Kerala.
Known as Nagalinga tree in Malayalam – നാഗലിംഗമരം


All the flower and fruit pics are marvellous..


Here is also a lovely one from Jijamata Udyan – Rani Baug Mumbai
fully loaded with Cannon Balls..
thought perhaps you also may like it!!


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Requesting tree ID :  Attachments (4). 4 posts by 3 authors.

Place: BR Hills, in a small temple
Date: 20 July 2013
Habit: Tree, about 20 meters
Leaves: arranged in a whorl at tips of branches
Flowers very fragrant and fruit varying in size from a small lemon to coconut, both on stalks growing from the tall straight trunk.

I asked the tribals in the area and they all called it naga sampige. Naga sampige is Mesua ferrea, but the tree was not like it.

Looks like Cannon ball tree Couroupita guianensis, Nagalingam in Tamil.


Couroupita guianensis Kailaspati 


 

 

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SYMBIOSIS :440 : Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.
Attaching an image of a Hornet on the flower of Couroupita guianensis (CANNONBALL/ NAGALINGAM/ SHIVALINGAM).

 

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SYMBIOSIS : 441 :  Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

Attaching an image of a Blank swift butterfly on the flower of Couroupita guianensis (CANNON BALL/ NAG LINGAM/ SHIVA LINGAM).


 
Couroupita guianensis Aubl. (Lecythidaceae):
The flowers are large, up to 6 cm wide, and often brightly colored, the six petals in shades of pink and red near the bases and yellowish toward the tips. There is a ring of stamens at the center, and an arrangement to stamens that have been modified into a hood. Some trees flower profusely, until the entire trunk is buried in flowers. They are strongly scented, especially at night and in the early morning. The tree bears, directly on the trunk and main branches, large globose woody fruits.
Cannonball Tree is native to rain forest of the Guiana’s in Northeastern South America.

Nice picture of this Cannon Ball Tree.

Dr H.J.Chowdhery and Dr D.S.Pandey of BSI have chosen it for the front cover of their nicely illustrated book Plants of Indian Botanic Garden.


 

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Shibpur Bot. : Couroupita guianensis Aubl. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).

This was also recorded in Dec, 2010.


 
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Couroupita guianensis : Bangalore : 20SEP14 : AK-24 : 9 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1).

Seen in a garden in Bangalore on 27/7/14.

For validation.


no flowers or cannon balls the tell tale signs?


There were no flowers or fruits.
Or else I would have guessed myself!


of course
the fruits fall off in storms, i guess 
not edible for the humans so i always wondered what do people do with them.
lets hope someone recognizes the bark to be sure of the diagnosis


This was seen in Mumbai. Attachments (3)


But I have eaten Cannon Ball tree’s fruits from Kenya, and they were coated with sugar and some kind of deep pink colour it had. If still kept somewhere I will post the picture of them.


I have seen seeds coated in pink color in the shops.
They belong to the Baobab Tree.
Not seen these.


that’s it, … this is what one sees all over

thanks for the treat.

and next time i’ll stop and take pictures of the bare trunk and bark to keep some in record 


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Names of Plants in India :: Couroupita guianensis Aubl. : 7 posts by 5 authors. 1 image.
via Species‎ > ‎C‎ > Couroupita guianensis Aubl. … family: Lecythidaceae
Flowers of India Discussions at efloraofindia more views in flickr more views on Google Earth
koo-roo-PEE-ta — Latinized form of the French Guiana vernacular name, kouroupitoumouDave’s Botanary
gee-uh-NEN-sis — of or from French Guiana (Guyana), South AmericaDave’s Botanary
commonly known as: cannonball treeBengali: নাগলিঙ্গম nagalingamGujarati: શિવલીંગી shivalingiHindi: नागलिंगम् nagalingam, तोप गोला toap golaKannada: ನಾಗಲಿಂಗ ಪುಷ್ಪ ಮರ nagalinga pushpa maraMalayalam: നാഗലിംഗം nagalingamMarathi: कैलासपती kailasapati, नागलिंगम वृक्ष nagalingam vrksaTamil: நாகலிங்கம் nagalingamTelugu: శివలింగపుష్పం shivalingapushpam

The flower of Cannonball tree is the State Flower of Pondicherry (nagalingam, Tamil: நாகலிங்கம்).
botanical names: Couroupita guianensis Aubl. … synonyms: … The Plants List (2013). Version 1.1. 

Very very good picture. It glows at night, isn’t it? Thank you.


Popularly known as કૈલાસપતિ in Gujarati too. શિવલિંગી is better known in Gujarati as being Diplocyclos palmatus.


Thank you very much for this feedback …; great help. Will update my notes.


Names update:

 • Gujaratiકૈલાસપતિ kailaspatiશિવલીંગી shivalingi 

 • Telugu: నాగలింగ nagalinga, శివలింగపుష్పం shivalingapushpam


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Couroupita guianensis Aubl. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (5)
Location: Kolkata, India
Date: 8 September 2017
Elevation : 25 ft.

Was it in Botanical garden ?


Victoria Memorial Park !


 

 

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Flowering tree from Wat Pho : 4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1)- 5 Mb. 
Please identify this flowering tree from Wat Phone, Bangkok

Pl. check 
To me appears close. 

For me … ID is correct.

 

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Flowering tree from Bangkok : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1) – 5 Mb.
Please identify this flowering tree from Wat Pho, Bangkok.

Pl. check 


Yes. Couroupita guianensis.


cannonball tree

we have lot of them in eastern India


 

 

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Couroupita guianensis Aubl. : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)- around 900 kb each. 
Location: Kulalumpur, Malyasia
Date: 4 March 2015
Altitude: 66 m.

Habit : Cultivated


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Beginning to flower (22/2/08) in Banglore; 25/5/08 in Hyderabad, AP; Bangalore- 11th April 2008; at Maharashtra nature park, Sion, Maharashtra; in Ratnagiri Dist (Maharashtra) on March 22 in ’09; at Sanjeevaiah Park, Hyderabad on 5/4/09; at Kanakeshwar, Alibag– 10 Jul.2009; CST (Mumbai) area- Jan’10?; at Churchgate Mumbai- July’10; Bharati Vidyapeeth campus Pune; at Bethuadahari WLS (Nadia District.W.B)- Nov’10?;  Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta by Sh. R.K. Chakraverty & S.K.Jain states that it starts flowering from early spring (Feb.) & continues up to late autumn (Nov.). Flowering Tree – Canon Ball tree – Couroupita guianensis – indiantreepix | Google Groups Naglingam (Couroupita guianensis) – indiantreepix | Google Groups
Request for ‘Couroupita guianensis’ seeds – efloraofindia | Google Groups Tree & Flower for ID – efloraofindia | Google Groups Id please – efloraofindia | Google Groups Emailing: DSC06075, DSC06073, DSC06074 – efloraofindia | Google Groups floral tree at Churchgate Mumbai – efloraofindia | Google Groups ID Plant fr.Dr.Kadus – efloraofindia | Google Groups Nagalingam Tree- Bethuadahari – efloraofindia | Google Groups My Flora picture of 2008 – indiantreepix | Google Groups Naglingam (Couroupita guianensis) – indiantreepix | Google Groups Kailaspati – indiantreepix | Google Groups

 
Couroupita guianensis : Attachments (1)
please help in finding the name of plant.



cannonball tree


 

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SYMBIOSIS : 1433 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of hornet visiting flowers of Coroupita guianensis (NAG-LINGAM/ CANON BALL)


 

 

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Couroupita guianensis Aubl. : 5 posts by 2 authors. 3 images- 7 mb each.

Location :  Koh Chang, Thailand
Date: 09 December 2019
Elevation : MSL
Habitat : Cultivated


The ID is correct. Common tree in parks here.


 

References:

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