Crateva species in India:
BSI (eFlora of India) with details & keys (Distribution):
Crateva adansonii DC. subsp. odora (Buch.- Ham.) Jacobs (India: In open forests or scrub jungles, from sea level to 750 m. Throughout India (except in the humid hill states of N.E. India and Kashmir); Pakistan, Myanmar and Sri Lanka)
Crateva magna (Lour.) DC. (India: In deciduous or semievergreen forests, along streams, up to 1000 m. Peninsular India, Western India, Gangetic Plains and Eastern India up to Tripura and Manipur; Bangladesh, Myanmar, China and Sri Lanka, extending to Malaysia and Indonesia.)
Crateva religiosa Forster f. (India: Infrequent in subtropical evergreen forests, up to 1000 m. Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh, Assam and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Nepal, Bhutan, Myanmar, Indo-China and Thailand, extending to S.E. Asia, up to Philippines)
Crateva unilocularis Buch.-Ham. (India: Along streams in mixed dry forests, up to 1500 m. West Bengal, Sikkim, Assam, Meghalaya and Andaman & Nicobar Islands; Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, extending to China and Vietnam)
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 23.2.15:
Species with description & keys from Flora of Pakistan (Distribution):
Crataeva adansonii subsp. adansonii (Tropical Africa, Sudan, Senegal, Ethiopia and Eritrea)
Crataeva adansonii subsp. odora (Ham.) Jacobs (India, E. Pakistan, Ceylon, Burma, Indochina, S. China, Malesia, Phillipines etc. Known from cultivated plants only in W. Pakistan)
Species with distribution in annotated checklist of Flowering plants of Nepal (Distribution):
Crateva unilocularis Buch.-Ham. (Himalaya (Nepal, Sikkim), Assam, Burma, Indo-China, S. China)
Some species found in India with description & keys from Flora of China (Distribution other
Crateva magna (Loureiro) Candolle [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, Sri Lanka]. (Syn: Capparis magna Loureiro, Fl. Cochinch. 1: 33. 1790; Crateva lophosperma Kurz; C. nurvala Buchanan-Hamilton)
Crateva religiosa G. Forster [Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam; Pacific islands]. (Syn: Crateva membranifolia Miquel.)
Crateva trifoliata (Roxburgh) B. S. Sun in C. Y. Wu [Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam]. (Syn: Capparis trifoliata Roxburgh, Fl. Ind., ed. 1832, 2: 571. 1832; Crateva adansonii Candolle subsp. trifoliata (Roxburgh) Jacobs; C. erythrocarpa Gagnepain; C. roxburghii R. Brown var. erythrocarpa (Gagnepain) Gagnepain)
Crateva unilocularis Buchanan-Hamilton [Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Vietnam].
Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2002- Description & Keys)-
Crateva adansonii subsp. odora (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs (syn. Crateva odora Buch.-Ham., Crateva religiosa var. roxburghii, Crateva religiosa sensu Dunn) &
Crateva magna (Lour.) DC. (syn. Capparis magma Lour., Crateva nurvala Buch.-Ham., Crateva religiosa var. nurvula (Buch.-Ham.) Hook. f. & Thomson, Crateva religiosa sensu Dunn)
CRC World Dictionary of Medicinal and Poisonous Plants: Common Names … By Umberto Quattrocchi (2013)- Details-
Capparaceae and Cleomaceae Fortnight: September 1 to 14 2013: Here is list plants of both these families reported from India.
Members are requested to suggest any addition or deletion please.
Crataeva adansonii subsp. odora
I checked species of … & found that some are not valid names (rather syn. of other stated names) while a few others have been moved to another genera like … I think this appears to be a situation in other genera also & situation may get confused.
Indian Herbal Remedies: Rational Western Therapy, Ayurvedic, and Other … edited by C.P. Khare (2003)- Details-
Crateva (Capparaceae) : 6 posts by 4 authors.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Crateva (Pl. click).
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome.
I have compiled and added the list of species in Crateva.
That is very nice of you. This will be very useful to all botanist.
I have a tree – C. tapia out side my college. When ever temperature drops down and there is cold climate, it shades it’s leaves and it becomes completely leafless. As soon as there is increase on temperature, new leaves start coming and there is sporadic flowering. I often see 10-15 flowers along with few new leaves.
Such a way, this particular tree flowers 4-5 times in a year. I have checked this behavior with other individual trees and they too show similar behavior.
However, those donot flower 4-5 times but 2-3 times in a year.
I thought I would just share this with you.
Thank you … for sharing interesting information.
Thanks a lot, … I have removed TPL link, which has created a lot of confusion. FOC appears to the most reliable on this.
its indeed very hard work to compile from bits of information, especially when its from various places. Crateva as such has been a bit confusing tree for many of enthusiasts and taxonomists. Accept my reverence for this tedious compilation that you have carried to put forth 6 plants sp & var. as following
MY REQUEST IS, DO ANY ONE HAS A COMPREHENSIVE KEY INCLUDING ALL ABOVE PLANTS? IF YES, THEN PLEASE FORWARD IT AS SINGLE PAGE, WHICH WILL HELP ITS IDENTIFICATION
Thanks, … Pl. also see keys of four species here: BSI (eFlora of India) with details & keys
As per efi thread:
According to my obeservation and reference from Almeida, Fl of Maharashtra the following can be described as
1. Leaves ovate-lanceolate; Berry ovoid C. magna
1. Leaves ovate or obovate, not lanceolate; Berry globose C. tapia
Crataeva magna (Lour.) DC., Prodr. 1: 243, 1824; Sharma et al, Fl. India 2: 324, 1993; Pradhan et al, Fl. SGNP 98, 2005.
Synonyms: Capparis magna Lour. Fl. Cochinch. 1: 331, 1790. Crateva odora Buch.-Ham., Trans. L. Soc. 15: 118, 1827. Crateva tapia L., ssp. odora (Jacob.) Almeida, Fl. Savantwadi 44, 1990 & in Fl, Mah. 1: 51, 1996. Crateva odora Buch.-Ham., Trans. L. Soc. 15: 118, 1827. Crateva religiosa var. nurvala Hook f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 172, 1872; Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 44, 1958 (Repr.). Crataeva nurvala Ham. in Trans. L. Soc. 15: 121, 1827. C. roxburghii sensu Graham, Cat. Bombay Pl. 8, 1839. (non Br., 1826).
Common name: Sacred barna, Three leaves caper, Vai-varna, Wairoda, Nirvala.
Crataeva tapia L., Sp. Pl. 1753; Almeida, Fl. Mah. 1: 51, 1996.
Synonyms: Crateva adansonii ssp. odora (Buch.-Ham.) Jacobs in Blumea 12: 198, 1964; Singh et al, Fl. Mah. St. 1: 223, 2000; Pradhan et al, Fl. SGNP 98, 2005. Crataeva religiosa Forst. var. religiosa (R. Br.) sensu Hook f. & Thoms., Fl. Brit. India 1: 172, 1872. C. religiosa var. roxburghii Cooke, Fl. Pres. Bombay 1: 44, 1958 (Repr.); Hook. f., Fl. Brit. India 1: 172, 1872. Crataeva religiosa Forst.f., Prodr. 35, 1786.