Croton tiglium L., Sp. Pl. 1004 1753. (Syn: Croton acutus Thunb.; Croton birmanicus Müll.Arg.; Croton camaza Perr.; Croton himalaicus D.G.Long; Croton jamalgota Buch.-Ham.; Croton muricatus Blanco [Illegitimate]; Croton officinalis (Klotzsch) Alston; Croton pavana Buch.-Ham.; Halecus verus Raf.; Kurkas tiglium (L.) Raf.; Oxydectes birmanica (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze; Oxydectes blancoana Kuntze; Oxydectes pavana (Buch.-Ham.) Kuntze; Oxydectes tiglium (L.) Kuntze; Tiglium cumingii Klotzsch; Tiglium lanceolatum Klotzsch; Tiglium officinale Klotzsch; Tiglium pubescens Klotzsch; Tiglium subincanum Klotzsch; Alchornea vaniotii H. Léveillé; C. xiaopadou H. S. Kiu.);
Assam; Bangladesh; Borneo; Cambodia; China South-Central; China Southeast; East
Himalaya; Hainan; India; Japan; Jawa; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Maldives;
Maluku; Myanmar; Nepal; Philippines; Sri Lanka; Sulawesi; Sumatera; Taiwan;
Thailand; Vietnam as per Catalogue of Life;
Croton Oil Plant;
Croton tiglium, known as Purging Croton, is a plant species in the Euphorbiaceae family. C. tiglium is also called JamaalGota in Hindi and Urdu.
C. tiglium is one of the 50 fundamental herbs of used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it has the name bā dòu (Chinese: 巴豆). C. tiglium is known as Japaala in Sinhala and used in Sinhala traditional medical system of Sri Lanka.
(From Wikipedia on 23.8.13)
Jamalgota : Attachments (2). 7 posts by 5 authors.
Flowers of jamalgota /Jepa
Let me know the botanical name
At Alibag Maharashtra
10 April 2010
Croton Oil Plant (Croton tiglium) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Croton_tiglium
I hope you know that Jamalgota is the strongest purgative known in herbal medicine. I frankly don’t know which part of the plant does the trick.
Seeds, leaves, bark and root, all possess drastic purgative properties. Seeds are powerful drastic purgative and vermifuge (expels worms from intestine) – in over-dose it is an acro-narcotic poison.
Has to be used with care.
I am adding a short article about Croton tiglium… Hope you all will find it interesting and informative.
CROTON TIGLIUM article.pdf
Many thanks …, The pdf is useful.
Croton tiglium L. (Euphorbiaceae) from Nagaland : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Photographs by courtesy of Dr. D. K. Hore.
Tree, located in a village shrubbery.
This is an ancient plant of medicine. The seeds are drastic purgative.
Thanks, …, for posting these rare pictures.
Re: Climber from Wayanad : 12 posts by 5 authors. 2 images.
I think it is climber.
In Malayalam it is Kadal aavanakku
Seems to be Croton sp.
Doesn’t seems like a climber, could be Small tree with hanging branches.
and add locality too.
Excoecaria sp. ??
Appears close to images at Croton tiglium L. as per comparative images at Croton & Excoecaria
The leaves are 3-nerved at base and the fruits are large in terminal racemes. This should be Croton tiglium.
However, there is no climber in Croton. C. tiglium is a tree. Only Croton caudatus is having a scandent or bushy habit, but never noticed to be such a robust climber. Please compare with C. caudatus, also having such large fruits and trinerved leaves. I suggest further studies.
Are you sure that this is a climber?
As my question was not replied, I presume that the person who had shot this image was not sure whether this was a tree or climber although he had referred to Cadel Avenaccu of Rheede.
This is Croton tiglium L.
Identification VST9 : 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (4)
Kindly identify the plant.
Date/Time- 29 DEC 2019
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS- Nellarachal, Ambalavayal, Wayanad-673592, Kerala
11° 35′ 58.82” N 76° 10′ 52.01” E. Altitude 764
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Garden boundary.
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Tree
Height/Length- 7 m
Flower- 5 mm, Light green, pentamer
Berries – Three lobed
You can compare this with Croton tiglium
Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appears close to images at Croton tiglium