Curcuma longa L. , Sp. Pl. 2 1753. (Syn: Amomumcurcuma Jacq.; Curcumabrog Valeton; Curcumadomestica Valeton; Curcuma longa var. vanaharidra Velay., Pandrav., J.K.George & Varapr.; Curcumaochrorhiza Valeton; Curcumasoloensis Valeton; Curcumatinctoria Guibourt; Kuadomestica Medik. ; Stisseracurcuma Giseke);
a cultigen from SW. India; Introduced into: Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Borneo, Cambodia, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Fiji, Gilbert Is., Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Hawaii, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Marquesas, Mauritius, Myanmar, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sumatera, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Vanuatu, Vietnam, Windward Is. as per POWO;
Andaman Is.; Assam; Bangladesh; Belize; Borneo; Cambodia; Caroline Is.; China South-Central; China Southeast; Congo; Cook Is.; Costa Rica; Cuba; Dominican Republic; East Himalaya; Easter Is.; Fiji; Gilbert Is.; Guinea-Bissau; Gulf of Guinea Is.; Haiti; Hawaii; India; Ivory Coast; Jawa; Leeward Is.; Lesser Sunda Is.; Malaya; Mauritius; Myanmar; New Caledonia; New Guinea; Nicobar Is.; Philippines; Pitcairn Is.; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Runion; Samoa; Society Is.; Sri Lanka; Sumatera; Taiwan; Thailand; Tibet; Tonga; Trinidad-Tobago; Vietnam; Windward Is. from Catalogue of life;
COMMON TURMERIC, Turmeric • Assamese: হালধি, Halodhi • Bengali: হলুদ Halud • Gujarati: હળદર Haldar • Hindi: हल्दी Haldi • Kannada: Arishina, Arisina • Malayalam: മഞ്ഞള്‍, Manjal • Marathi: हळद Halad • Nepali: हल्दी Haldi • Oriya: Haladi • Sanskrit: Haridra, Marmarii • Tamil: மஞ்சள் Manjal • Telugu: హరిద్ర, Haridra • Urdu: Haldi, ہلدی ;

Curcuma longa L. : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1)- 6 mb.

Location: Indra Daha, Kathmandu
Date: 11 September  2019
Elevation: 1550m.

Habitat : Garden escapee??

Attachments (3)- 1, 2 & 2 mb.

Attachments (1)- 6 Mb.

Attachments (1)- 7 Mb.


Turmeric : Curcuma longa : Nasik : 04AUG21 : AK-01: 4 images.
It flowered for the first time in my Nasik garden last month (4.8.21)

Turmeric. Curcuma longa


Curcuma longa L.: 7 very high res. images.
Location: Gyaneswor, Kathmandu
Date: 25 July 2022
Elevation: 1400 m.
Habitat : Cultivated

Curcuma longa


Kindly identify the specimen which I believe is Curcuma karnatakensis (Zingiberaceae) said to be endemic to Karnataka.

Ref: flowersofindia

Habit: Herb

Habitat: Wild, Moist deciduous forest floor.

Sighting: Bhadra Tiger Reserve, Chikmagalur, about 1000 msl.

Date: 16-08-2014

efi page on Curcuma karnatakensis

this reference link is correct
but the images is not the same one. it is very difficult to identify
on photographs. i would like suggest that please contact to … for this. he is the expert in Zingiberaceae and Costaceae

I think its Curcuma pesudomontana

Sanjay …, Thanks for the ID suggestion but what intrigues me is the yellow band starting from the lip and extending to the throat of the corolla said to be unique to Curcuma karnatakensis….! Keeping my fingers crossed…!

As per the morphological features of C. karnatakensis your specimen is distinct from this by means of sheathing leaf base (against base unequal and slightly cordate), long petiole (against short, upto 6 cm), petiole and sheath green coloured (against purple tinged or rarely green), presence of prominent coma bracts (against coma bracts absent) and many minor characters. The flower and bracts colour in Curcuma is variable (for reference please go through the attachment). You please also check the colour of rhizome, in C. karnataknsis it is flesh cream coloured with a slight mango ginger flavour (it is absent in C. pseudomontana. In C. pseudomontana petiole lengthnis varies from 60-70 cm).
You can easily distinguish C. karnatakensis from C. pseudomontana by means of the presence of sessile tubers (against absence of sessile tubers) and flesh cream coloured rhizome (against yellow coloured at centre).

Pls find the attachment. Attachments (1) – Curcuma inodora PDF.pdf

Are you suggesting that the specimen uploaded is Curcuma inodora…?

No, never. That paper I am sent to you to understand the range of variations occured in bracts, flower colour and inflorescence nature in a single species.
You go with C. longa as per the ID suggested by …

Pl. check the rhizome for Curcuma longa? Rhizome dark orange red in the case of turmeric.


Curcuma longa (Turmeric, Haldi)
Growing in one of my relative’s house in Pune


AAZ Fortnight :: Zingiberaceae :: SMP4 :: Curcuma longa. Pune : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Turmeric plant. Curcuma longa Pune


ID 300911 SB01:
Location – Bhuigaon, Near Vasai
Date – 290911

I think this is a regular turmeric plant :  Haldi हळद
Curcuma longa.


Zingiberaceae Fortnight 1 Aug to 15 Aug 2014 : Curcuma longa L. (in my homeyard) : SK-23 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Photographed a couple of hours ago.

A really significant plant…wonderful spice and medicine..

Yes, Sir, thank you very much.


Zingiberaceae Fortnight 1 Aug to 15 Aug 2014 : Curcuma longa L. : SK-17: 5 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (6).
Photographed a little while ago. (10.8.14)

Thanks … for sharing beautiful photographs.


Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Fortnight: Zingiberaceae- Curcuma longa from Yamunanagar-GSAUG61 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2).
Curcuma longa, photographed from TDL Herbal garden, Yamunanagar 

Araceae, Arecaceae and Zingiberaceae Month: Zingiberaceae-Curcuma longa from Panipat :: NS Aug 49 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (3).
Here is the inflorescence of Curcuma longa.. recorded from Panipat.. this is cultivated on small scales in home gardens in this area.. out of many, only few plants get chance to produce flowers, before being dugout…


Plant for ID :: Kanha, MP Tour :: ARKJAN02 : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
This plant was cultivated on a large scale in Mehkar near Akola, Maharashtra. Locals said that it was haldi (turmeric).
Please validate it to be Curcuma longa.

Looks like turmeric, Curcuma longa.


Curcuma longa: 3 high res. images.
Species: Curcuma longa

Location: Calicut, Kerala
Altitude: 20m asl
Terminal inflorescence on Curcuma longa. I was under the impression that C.longa only produced a lateral inflorescence. Nice surprise and a beautiful one too.

C. longa always produces central inflorescence.