(Images by Raghu Ananth, ID validation by Satish Kumar Chile and Tanay Bose)




Name confusions in Indian Cycads : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1) – Name confusions in Indian Cycads.pdf- 300 kb.
I came across the attached publication on the above subject which clarifies some of the confusions in the Indian Cycads. This paper appears to be a very valuable contribution.

Thanks, … I have gone through it. Very interesting.

However, the last Paragraph of the paper has been presented in very aggressive mode which is not desirable. One should maintain minimum ethics while presenting a paper. The authors possibly forgot their own misgivings. They described a new species in 2015 (Nordic Journal of Botany 33: 38. 2015) which got merged in the same year (Journal of Economic & Taxonomic Botany 39: 556. 2015).

The genus Cycas
(Cycadaceae) in India by A.J. Lindstrom and K.D. Hill- Telopea 11(4): 2007 with keys (9 species)


Cycads of India: Cycads in India is represented by one genus Cycas which comprises of twelve species.   

1. Cycas andamanica Prasad, Ramana, Sanjappa & Rao (CR)
2. Cycas annaikalensis Singh & Radha (CR)
3. Cycas circinalis L. (EN)
4. Cycas beddomei Dyer (EN)
5. Cycas indica Lindstr. & Hill 
6. Cycas nayagarhensis Singh, Radha & Khuraijam (CR)
7. Cycas nathorstii Schust. (VU)
8. Cycas pectinata Ham. (VU)
9. Cycas orixensis (Haines) Singh & Khuraijam (EN)
10. Cycas swamyi Singh & Radha (DD)
11. Cycas sphaerica Roxburgh (DD)
12. Cycas zeylanica (Schust) Lindstr. & Hill (VU)
The above species are currently accepted names.
CR: Critically Endangered; EN: Endangered; VU: Vulnerable; DD: Data Deficient 



Cycas pectinata Griff.


Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India :

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Cycas circinalis Cycas wallichii, Cycas undulata, Cycas squarrosa Cycadaceae Queen Sago
Cycas revoluta Cycadaceae Sago Palm
Cycas rumphii Cycas celebica, Cycas speciosa, Zamia corsoniana Cycadaceae Ceylon Sago Palm

Botany For Degree Gymnosperm (M.E.) By P C Vashishta, A K Sinha, Anil Kumar, P.C.Vasishta (p.61)-


Gymnosperms By S. P. Bhatnagar, Alok Moitra (1996)-
Cycas rumphii;


Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)-
Cycas media R.Br. (Cultivated),
Cycas rumphii (Cultivated);
Cycas revoluta (Cultivated) )


Gymnosperm (naked Seeds Plant) By V.P. Singh (2006- Details with Keys- (p. 278- Wild-
Cycas rumphii;


Cycas :  1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Cycas

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

Any comments are welcome.


Pl. go through Cycas (‎‎Cycadaceae) page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.


Fwd: JPS-003-SRIVASTAVA-Living-Cycads (1).pdf : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)- JPS-003-SRIVASTAVA-Living-Cycads (1).pdf- 235 kb.


Fwd: Genus Cycas in India : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)-  JPS-003-SRIVASTAVA-Living-Cycads (1).pdf- 235 kb.
Globally accepted list

Fwd: Living Cycads in India : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- JPS-003-SRIVASTAVA-Living-Cycads (1).pdf- 235 kb.
For your kind perusal and comments

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *