Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf. (Syn. Delonix regia var. flavida Stehle; Delonix regia var. genuina Stehlé; Delonix regia var. genuina Stehle; Poinciana regia Bojer; Poinciana regia Hook.); 

Images by Bhagyashri Ranade, Raman and tspkumar


commonly known as: flamboyant tree, mayflower, peacock flower, royal poinciana • Bengali: গুলমোহর gulmohar • Gujarati: ગુલમોહર gulmohar • Hindi: गुलमोहर gulmohar • Marathi: गुलमोहर gulmohar • Tamil: செம்மயிற்கொன்றை cemmayir-konrai • Telugu: పెద్దతురాయి peddaturayi

DEE-loh-niks — from Greek delos (conspicuous) and onux (claw); the long-clawed petals
REE-jee-uh — royal

Native of: Madagascar

Large deciduous tree to 20 m with bipinnate up to 55 cm long leaves; pinnae 12-20 pair, leaflets 20-30 pairs, up to 10 mm long, oblong; stipules pinnate compound; flowers bright red, up to 10 cm across, in racemes; pod up to 50 cm long, 5 cm broad, thick, compressed

profuse flowering records in April’06 & June’07 & weak flushes in July’07 in Kolkata; started at Thailur lake, Kokkare bellur near Banglore- 08 Mar 2008; Started in Delhi, first tree noticed on 11 April 08; April first fortnight in Pune;  in Bangalore- saw it last week; in Delhi- 23/4/08; outside Koparkhairane railway station (Towards Vashi)- 23/3/09; In Thane – Mumbai, first sightingis somewhere between third and last week of April; in Kolkata- April’09; in Chennai- mid-September’09; at Uruli Kanchan Ashram, Pune on 15.5.2010; in Chennai- June’10; at Uruli Kanchan Ashram, Pune on 15.5.2010; Trees of Delhi- flowers begin in late April, peaking in early May; over by June but weaker flushes ripple through the rains. Beautiful Trees & Shrubs of Calcutta- flowers in summer (April-June), 2nd & a 3rd flush also appear in late summer or early monsoon (July-August). Delonix regia – efloraofindia | Google Groups Gulmohar Tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups
One more video of bees hovering over the flowers of delonix regia – efloraofindia | Google Groups Gulmohar (Delonix regia)- Flame tree/Royal poinciana – indiantreepix | Google Groups Flowering tree – Albizia amara – indiantreepix | Google Groups Fwd: [India-nature-pixs] Natural Pattern – Gulmohar – indiantreepix | Google Groups ID help pls – indiantreepix | Google Groups Sun light effect on flowering – indiantreepix | Google Groups Seedpod – indiantreepix | Google Groups Delonix regia – indiantreepix | Google Groups Fw: [efloraofindia:36887] Re: Gulmohar Tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups Gulmohar Tree – efloraofindia | Google Groups



Gulmohar Tree: Happy to inform you that the Gulmohar tree which was not flowering has now started flowering.
Here are two photos. Sorry for the picture quality. 

– Interestingly I have two trees, one on either side of our building just 50 feet away. One started flowering about 20 days back when leafless, and is now full of bloom. The leaves have just started to appear on lower branches.
The second tree started producing new leaves but no flowers (both are good sized; almost same height). Only 5-6 days ago it started producing flowers after the whole tree was full of leaves. I am uploading both. 
Can any member throw some light on explanation for this.

– Congrats to both of you for ex situ conservation of this otherwise endangered (in wild) species in its homeland i.e. Madagascar.

Endangered in Madagascar [where it is native]; exotic in India

– What are you doing in Forest Dear Gulmohar? © … Till few months back this hill was rich in Boswellia population. The Traditional Healers visit to this hill for collection of Boswellia plant parts in bulk but
without affecting its natural population. Now this Hill is under influence of “Dongar Mafia”. There is an effort to capture the hill as well as its forest in the name of religion. Forest trees are decreasing and Gulmohar like trees are under promotion. Gulmohar is new tree for birds and other forest creatures. Hence they are migrating to other places. That’s why I am asking that what are you doing in Forest Dear Gulmohar? You can see Boswellia tree in background of Gulmohar flowers.

Lady in Red: Gulmohar in Summer-1 © Pankaj Oudhia

– Would like to try to offer an explanation for this by taking an analogy from the Indian Laburnum.   
   As I had stated in a previous mail :  
“Forgot to mention that people who plant a Cassia fistula tree in the centre of their lawns and expect it to flower in summer, are solely disappointed because the moisture from watering the lawn is a deterrent to the tree to flower.”  
   available at this link:… 
    It is therefore possible that while the tree in the first photograph is behaving like any self-respecting Gulmohar should at the height of the summer season, the tree in the second photograph may be placed near a water source like an underground drain / tank or alternatively it may be receiving excessive watering by over-zealous gardeners.

– I feel you are right. First is along the fence and second in the lawn.

– Yes. You are right.  The horticulture experts’ advice in general: withdraw water  at the time of  flowering initiation. Gulmohar flowers profusely  in Mysore and Bangaolore, whereas in Chennai it is not so and the flowering is not on time (May). In fact in Mysore it is called May flower. Excessive humidity may be a deterrent factor.

– My tree produced the flowers for the first time after its planting ten years ago.  I had lost the hope only to see it flowering, but said to myself why if no flowers, the tree itself is beautiful and on a morning I saw small flower buds on its branches.   As said by Mr. .. there is no water body near to it. I think there are two huge bottle palms on its sides which hampered its growth.

– Some times, even if the plant is in shade during most of the day time wont flower, if it is a summer flowering. Then when the path of sun changes by time, the plant flowers.

Regarding FLOWERING TIME of Gulmohar:
I have six trees on the street visible from all windows in my home… one sets a few flowers in end of march, fills up by April 15th, one behind it starts in april, fills up in end of april, 3rd and 4th are half way red by end of april and the last two flower in may, mid may to be precise… I note these dates because I am slowly developing
allergic conjunctivitis to Krishnachura pollen…this long pollen season is not fun.

    These are mature trees, at their tallest,(( their branches are beginning to get that weird J shapes sometimes when they get too long))… so they are upto 4th 5th floor balconies and windows……. this sequence of flowering has been maintained for last decade…..they are street trees, part dirt, part pavement… all get the same rain, and same sustained heat from the building cement… and same abuse from pollution, horns, junk thrown, people sitting leaning on their trunks,.  and same air humidity.. and same sunlight … 
    Since KMC (Kolkata corporation its department for such trees) planted them at the same time, they came from the same nursery…. untill a few years ago they were purchased I am told at one rupee per chara… so was cheapest to plant… hence so frequently planted ….
   Yet there might be some genetic variation  and a reason for flowering at different times ….
    I have yet to discover it…
    Additionally I dont think its the water quantity… there is one on a lake shore and a bridge,  over which I drive everyday, it flowers profusely.. starting first week in April… and now its completely laden…  Dhakuria lake and its surrounding parks, land, and streets were full of Delonix regia trees, and they were the biggest casualty of Hurricane Aila in 2009…  they were the most commonly toppled tree… and where damage was done, this tree did the worst….
   AND PEOPLE ARE VERY ATTACHED to the red flowers and they think its the pride of the place… including myself…and in Bengal we have a very romantic name for it:   KRISHNACHURA.. who won’t love the name and
its owner???
   BUT this tree should be restricted for planting…. ITS invasive, its fills the streets and hence sewer with zillions of leaves (hence help street flooding), no birds other than crows nest in them… ( and you know crows will nest anywhere) .. no animal is seen (at least in my urban jungle) eating the seeds , the only animal I see that has any
use for the seeds is the poor womenfolk of the neighborhood who collect fallen pods with their seeds for burning with wood for cooking, the seeds have thick oil…. difficult to express out but ok as fire fuel I guess…  Its the most common tree to topple in hurricanes and kaal baisakhi storms, so common right now in Calcutta… Its wood turns an orangeish red exposed to air, and not really very useful in making furniture of any quality or durability…
no carpenter worth his salt wanted to buy the toppled gulmohur teers. ((They made beeliine for some other trees..))… we saw street dwellers slowly hacking away this wood for their street chulas…
    Its myriad seeds find disturbed land even broken sidewalk hospitable , and they sprout and grow… can not be transplanted if the root breaks even a little while trying, roots go very deep very quickly…  so I imagine when it self seeds in countryside it can play havoc….
    I HOPE I HAVE NOT SERIOUSLY DISTURBED GULMOHUR LOVERS ( I am one)  …but we must learn to temper that love and think of value added urban landscape….  I would love to see birds other than just crows, and native species like neem, mango, kathal, aswatha, bot and a hundred others  thrive…  in a lively mix… so not plant any new gulmohurs till some sane plan is made up….

– For my friends in Madagascar Delonix is valuable medicinal plant.

    Living with this exotic species from long time, innovative young Traditional Healers of India have started experimenting with it. When I documented new findings of these Healers which were not known even in Madagascar, the researchers showed interest to visit India and interact the Healers.
   When I was preparing a report on Antioxidant Herbs I found the name of Gulmohar in Top 100 Antioxidants herbs of the world. There are plus and minus sides of all species.
   If you are sure that you are allergic to Delonix then without any delay consult the Homoeopath. He will prepare medicine from Delonix itself which will cure you forever. Similia Simlibus Curantur is root of Homoeopathy.
“Parthenium Hysterophorus” is valuable medicine in Homoeopathy and used to manage Parthenium allergy successfully.

Mass planting of Gulmohars should be dicouraged.

    No doubt they are beautiful but in India they have little ecological value. Gulmohar has spectacular blooms [ I am personally very fond of the flowers] but the tree does not provide any shade during the hot summer months.
    It is invasive with a very shallow root system and brittle branches. The 1st victim of monsoon in Mumbai is the Gulmohar, whch is uprooted easily.
    In the gardens planting a gulmohar is fine but on hillsides and open areas the use should be strictly controlled.

– In this famous song on Gulmohar many trees are shown.

Gulmohar gar Tumhara naam hota
Eager to know that whether Gulmohar trees shown in this song still surviving or not?
If I am not wrong scenes are from Mumbai.

– So now it has even a ‘cultural connection’ with us!? Besides its beauty, the fresh petals are also edible, eaten raw by children. I used to prefer only the standard petal for its better taste.
– One more link of Malyalam Movie named Gulmohar (2008). Although language barrier exists but I like this song very much. You can see flowering Gulmohar in this video.

– AND I used to like the small green not yet beginning to open flower bud, if fresh…has a tangy taste with astringent after effect… as a child it was fun… but who knew  this tree was only a beauty, that topples and damages… and only crows nest …they dont even eat its fruit, and crows will eat anything!! I still love the color burst!!!!




Gulmohur_Delonix regia: 3 years ago I planted some flowering trees near my home in open ground. This is the forst. The plant was a couple of years old when it was planted. Peltophorum is next in line. 

very nice pictures.. so your tree survived and florurished…… and peltoforum is popular too… very obviously for the red and yellow display…
 PLEASE refer to a recent discussion we had on the beauty and usefulness/ uselessness of both these trees ….
I refer you to this thread right here on eflora…… 

I am an old man and I wanted quick results, see the flowers before I become ‘dear to god’ and hence I went for this tree. I have also planted a number of chiraul trees but it has hardly any part which is showy. Among Indian
flowering trees one can immediately name butea, coral, and Indian laburnum. But both palash and kachnar are not a very pretty sight when not in flower, and Indian coral is a delicate tree, I have seen it dying for no rhyme and reason (to the layman). true’ gulmohur is brittle, weak and short lived, but ‘in spite of your faults, I love thee still.’ 

I am glad you planted them and are enjoying the colors… I am partial to these trees and their red colors , I chose my current abode because there were 8 delonix regia surrounding it… imagine that… and some 20+ years ago I wrote about my love for Krishnachura in an international publication…  so please do not think any aspersion was meant…   may you and your trees grow old together yet…  



Bloomig Goldmohar: Bloomig Goldmohar in Seoni (M.P.)



What is the name of this bird please sitting on a Gulmohar tree at Pune?
size of a sparrow
color light grey. black streaks on wings

This is a Great Tit [Parus major].

I have been wanting to know the name of this bird for many many years to be frank from my childhood. I feel very happy today. I just found out its Indian names  बल्गुली, टोपीवाला, राखी रामगंगारा .



Attaching images of one of the most common tree in our locality, Delonix regia. We call it KRISHNACHURA in Bengali. Tried to count all leaflets in one of its compound leaves but gave up finally! An approximate count is around 644 ! Also attaching pictures of a pair of Yellow-footed Green Pigeon along with.
Species : Delonix regia (Boj. ex Hook.) Raf.
Habit & Habitat : big tree, roadside & railway plantation
Date : 28-04-12 (flowers), 25-04-12 (leaves, trunk), 29-04-10 (birds)
Place : Gobra (Hooghly), WB


DEE-loh-niks — from Greek delos (conspicuous) and onux (claw); the long-clawed petals
REE-jee-uh — royal
Jan 24, 2009 … at Zirad near Alibag, Maharashtra
commonly known as: flamboyant tree, mayflower, peacock flower, royal poinciana • Bengali: গুলমোহর gulmohar • Gujarati: ગુલમોહર gulmohar • Hindi: गुलमोहर gulmohar • Marathi: गुलमोहर gulmohar • Tamil: செம்மயிற்கொன்றை cemmayir-konrai • Telugu: పెద్దతురాయి peddaturayi
Native of: Madagascar
more views: Jun 26, 2010at Maval near Pune, Maharashtra
Dec 16, 2009 … avenue tree on Ghodbunder Road, Thane, Maharashtra … out-of-flowering-period appearance
Dec 9, 2007 … in Ferozeshah Mehta Gardens (Hanging Gardens), Mumbai 
May 2, 2007avenue tree in MIDC Andheri, Mumbai


Photographed at Pune flowers in April 2011 and pods and seed in August 2011

Sorry I do not have a close up of the flower

really look like Fire in the forest..
Yes … Gulmohar!! Nice Pics



Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) :: Delonix regia from Dombivli: Sending photo of the Gulmohar tree with flowers. This tree was planted by me 12 years ago and last May it flowered for the first time. I was wondering why it is not flowering and thought that it will not flower anytime. Then one fine morning I saw the flower buds on the tree and so happy that my efforts fruited at last.

I too share the same experience as you. I had planted 2 Gulmohar trees which did not flower for almost 7-8 years when all others around were flowering. I kept waiting and one fine day to my surprise I saw buds through my window and the joy was unforgettable. Thank you for reminding me of the joy I felt then



Gulmohar:  Sending photo of the Gulmohar tree with flowers. This tree was planted by me 12 years ago and last May it flowered for the first time. I was wondering why it is not flowering and thought that it will not flower anytime. Then one fine morning I saw the flower buds on the tree and so happy that my efforts fruited at last.

Nice picture …


Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Delonix regia from Delhi:  Delonix regia (Bojer) Raf., Fl. tellur. 2:92. 1837
syn: Poinciana regia Bojer 
Common names:flamboyant, flame-of-the-forest, flametree, peacock-flower, royal poinciana
Large deciduous tree to 20 m with bipinnate up to 55 cm long leaves; pinnae 12-20 pair, leaflets 20-30 pairs, up to 10 mm long, oblong; stipules pinnate compound; flowers bright red, up to 10 cm across, in racemes; pod up to 50 cm long, 5 cm broad, thick, compressed
Coomon avenue tree in Delhi, Photographed from Vikas Puri and DU Campus.

very beautiful flowers. The best I have seen so far. I do not know the tree that I have gets flowers which have a orange shade. I like more the ones you have posted bright red.

I think Palash-Butea monosperma is known as flame-of Forest. May be I am wrong.

There are three trees with the same common name flame-of-the-forest

Even i guess Flame of the forest is Butea monosperma and not Delonix regia (Fire of the forest)..

Spathopdea refers as Bell flowers

All three as I have idicated above

Delonix regia
Butea moospermna
Spathodea camnpaulata 
Please note that Delonix regia and Spathodea campanulata are Trpocal frican trees and not Indian native trees, so there is no reason to stress that they can’t be called as Flame of the Forest trees. They are as important for these countries as Butea monosperma is for us.

so what difference does it make what the local colloquial names are, except that often it creates a confusion…
until scientists are called in… the binomial (often) saves the day and ID…
Colloquial names are mostly given by tribals, villagers and lay people (in town its usually a reporter or in case of Bengal I know Rabindranath gave names to many of our trees, often they are apt, but just as often they are flights of fancy… or poetic licenses are taken… ) and that’s why there such a bewildering plethora of names…
when I first started studying Ayurvedic medicine… I was making a transition from a hardcore scientist to this mysterious world of hundreds of different names for the same plant or same colloqiual name used for different plants… I used to get upset at this seeming stupidity… until I realized that the different names were given by different peoples indifferent regions or different generations in the same regions, but it ususally was identified by a scientist and a binomial was available to at least start a scientific study…
SO it does not matter if some tree is called flame of the forest or fire of the forest or some such thing…
I know a mexican village group that calls a groups of ants whose bite burn to hell as “fire of the forest” since they climb trees and fall on the humans who venture into the forest… all it does is describes their experience…
may be we can write up the stories about the colloqiual names given to a tree … or those ants for that matter…

Well said … Delonix and Spathodea are “Flame of the Street” in India.

Fabaceae-Caesalpinioideae (Caesalpiniaceae) Week: Delonix regia Pune Chennai.: Delonix regia
Exotic Non native. Widely planted all over.
Pictures from Pune and Chennai.



Mar 2014 Pune, what is this structure at the base of the trunk of Delonix regia tree
It is there for almost 5-6 months. not growing. I was thinking about gum/resin. I have seen pinkish gum on Babhul trees. On searching found a ref at the following for the same “The tree yields a thick mucilage of water-soluble of gum in yellowish or reddish-brown warty tears”
Delonix regia : 8 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (3).
This may be a foreign tree and it may be common, but what a delightful sight it makes!
Definitely not a “May” flower in Chennai. It is just starting to bloom here.

Splendid red flowers of “Krishna Chura”

Other recipients: tanay…, pad…
I thought Krishna Chura and Radha chura is Caesalpinia pulcherrima syn Poinciana pulcherrima. The Red flowered variety is known as Krishna Chura and the yollow flowered is known as Radha Chura. Promila
I thought Krishna Chura and Radha chura is Caesalpinia pulcherrima syn Poinciana pulcherrima. The Red flowered variety is known as Krishna Chura and the yollow flowered is known as Radha Chura.

Right you are I made the blunder with the common name 

Wow !! This group is a treasure trove !
I never knew D. regia wasn’t “krishna chura”, “radha chura” are less common sight in Bengal at least
where I spent my youth. It seems neither D. regia nor C. pulcherrima are native to the subcontinent !
Where did they turn up from ? Did the Portuguese bring it from the Americas (directly or via the Brits)?
Any one have any light to shed?
I am becoming interested in native plant reforestation, having recently read about the work of Mr. Jadav
“Molai” Payeng (in Assam), and the work of Prof. Akira Miyawaki (in Japan). Having completed soil science
doctorate I find I know next to nothing of what is native vegetation of my motherland ! At least I am fortunate
to have gotten to hear of this group and Mr. Garg’s awesome initiative !
Sorry for activating an old thread, the sins of a newbie, I guess !
Happy planting everyone !

p.s. Wiki says – D. regia as being native to Western Madagascar, and C. pulcherrima as native to S America or the Caribbeans.
Are there any efforts in this forum – (sorry I am new here), to identify which plants are native to the subcontinent – and which
ones are introduced species ? 

The forum primarily identifies flora uploaded by its members. But there are experts who can tell you which are native, which are naturalised and which are non-native. I have interest in promoting native plants in landscape designs. Now our country is so diverse in so many ways! Even in flora we have different regions having different species native to it! Some are found most everywhere. Some are special to each region. I get awed when members put up flora from the Himalayas or NE states. What grows in western ghats is also special. But the hills of Tamilnadu have species with many of them offering medicinal benefits…so one really has to know what one wants, as in so many other things in this special country. It is indeed bountiful! If we knew what is your interest, then we could help. Hope this helps.

There are a lot of members who are taking great efforts in promoting native plants. Oikos Pune have prepared a CD of native plants and they have a nursery of saplings of these plants. You can also visit

Every plant has a tag in it about Nativeness or not.




TSPNOV2015-46: Images of Delonix regia (Fabaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Delonix regia (Fabaceae)  

Habit: Tree 

Habitat: Cultivated.

Sighting: Chikmagalur and Tumkur, Karnataka, about 1000 msl. and 800 msl respectively  

Date: 16-04-2014, 19-05-2014, 30-07-2015, 22-09-2014, 08-06-2015 and 12-06-2015. 



Delonix regia (Hook.)Raf. (accepted name) : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)

Location: Pokhara, Nepal
Altitude:  2600 ft.
Date: 27 July 2015
Nepali Names : गुल मेfहर Gul Mohar



re: Out of season flowering or just a geographical variation? : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)

This email is a result of my discussion and association with Dr Arunan who is with TIFR Mumbai and is currently engaging a project to identify this variation in flowering patterns over the globe beginning with India where mobile users record flowering patterns all over the country at one point in time. 
Attached is an image of an Out-of-season flowering of a Gulmohar tree. Worli, Mumbai 9/12/17.
Locally they call it  “besharam Gulmohar (shameless Gulmohar)”!Any inputs on this phenomenon from eflora members will be appreciated.

Similar endeavors have been published by eflora members here

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