Dianthus angulatus Royle (Images by (Suresh Rana – Id by Ritesh Choudhary) & (Alok Mahendroo – validation by Gurcharan Singh)) 


(Images by Gurcharan Singh, (Mani Nair – Id by Gurcharan Singh) & Ankush Prakash






Dianthus chinensis L.

(Images by Bhagyashri Ranade(1,2,3) & Gurcharan Singh(4), (inserted by Bhagyashri Ranade)) 


























Dianthus falconeri Edgew. & Hook.f. (Images by Anzar Khuroo (Validation by D S Rawat) (Inserted by J.M.Garg) (For more images & complete details, click on the links))


Dianthus species in India:

  1. Dianthus anatolicus Boiss.
  2. D. angulatus Royle
  3. D. barbatus L. [cultivated]
  4. D. cachemiricus Edgew. & Hook.f.
  5. D. caryophyllus L.
  6. D. chinensis L. [cultivated also]
  7. D. crinitus Sm.
  8. D. deltoides L.
  9. D. falconeri Edgew. & Hook.f.
  10. D. jacquemontii Edgew. & Hook.f.
  11. D. minimus G.N. Javeid
  12. D.


  1. Javeid, G.N. 1973. A new Dianthus from Kashmir, Dianthus minimus. Curr. Sci. 42(19): 692-693.
  2. Majumdar, N.C. 1993. Caryophyllaceae. In: Sharma, B.D. &
    Balakrishnan, N.P. (eds.) Flora of India Volume 2. Botanical Survey of India,
    Calcutta. pp.503-595.
  3. Majumdar, S.C. 2002. Caryophyllaceae. In: Singh, N.P., Singh, D.K. and Uniyal,
    B.P. (eds.) Flora of Jammu & Kashmir Volume 1. Botanical Survey of India,
    Kolkata. pp.633-690.
  4. eFI page


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution
Herb Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Cultivated, Native of Mediterranean Region 
Matthew, 1999 Coimbatore,
Dindigul, Kanniyakumari, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Dianthus anatolicus Dianthus parviflorus, Dianthus kotschyanus Caryophyllaceae Anatolian Pink
Dianthus angulatus Dianthus orientalis var. angulatus, Dianthus incertus Caryophyllaceae Himalayan Pinks
Dianthus barbatus
Caryophyllaceae Sweet William
Dianthus caryophyllus
Caryophyllaceae Carnation orange
Dianthus caryophyllus
Caryophyllaceae Carnation pink
Dianthus chinensis Dianthus amurensis, Dianthus heddewigii, Dianthus laciniatus Caryophyllaceae China Pink

Dianthus anatolicus Boiss. (Turkey and Pakistan)
Dianthus angulatus Royle ex Benth. (W. Himalaya from Kashmir to Kumoan)
Dianthus barbatus L. (commonly cultivated in gardens)
Dianthus caryophyllus L. (cultivated in gardens)
Dianthus crinitus Sm. (Turkey, Aegean Islands, N.W. Africa, Caucasia, Turkestan, Iran Pakistan)
Dianthus falconeri Edgew. (Kashmir. W. Tibet)
Dianthus chinensis L. (China, often cultivated in India and Japan)

Dianthus chinensis Linnaeus  [Kazakhstan, Korea, Mongolia, Russia (Siberia, Far East); Europe].

Practical Gardening In India By R. Barton West (1999)- Details-
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants edited by Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett –
Dianthus minimus Javeiol- Indeterminate- Jammu & Kashmir

Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Encyclopaedia of world medicinal plants, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1993)- Brief details-
1997 IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants By Kerry Scott Walter, Harriet J. Gillett, World Conservation Monitoring Centre-
Dianthus minimus Javeiol – Indeterminate- J & K

GRIN (2007): Details-
Dianthus (Caryophyllaceae) : 1 post by 1 author 

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Dianthus (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have compiled and added the list of species.

Thanks, … Now I think the List is complete.



Pl. go through Dianthus (‎‎Caryophyllaceae) page with images of species (done mainly by …) in efloraofindia.

If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice.

Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let us know.