Dillenia bracteata Wight (Local Distribution: Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu. Endemic. Global Distribution: Asia: India as per India Biodiversity Portal)












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The complete account of Dillenia species in India is
available in the document-
Majumdar,N.C.1993. Dilleniaceae.
In; Sharma, B.D., Balakrishnan, N.P., Rao, R.R. and Hajra, P.K. (eds.) Flora of
India. Vol-1. Botanical Survey of India, Calcutta, Pp.150-162
This reference provides key to genera, generic description, keys for
identification, description of species, their local names, flowering and
fruiting season and distribution.
As per this information following 7 wild
species are found in India-
1- Dillenia andamanica C.E.Parkinson
2- D. aurea J.E.Smith
3- D. bracteata Wight
4- D. indica L.
5- D.pentagyna Roxb.
6- D. retusa Thunb.

7- D.
(D.Don) Roxb. ex Wall.


Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name English name

Tree Western Ghats,
Deciduous Forests
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. I, 1983; Fischer, 1921
Colii kai, Kal
Dillenia indica L. Tree Western
Ghats, Deciduous Forests, Cultivated in Plains
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kancheepuram, Nilgiri
Ugaa kai , Uvaa, Uvaa thekku
Dillenia pentagyna Roxb. Tree Western
Ghats , Moist Deciduous Forests and Grasslands
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Kanniyakumari, Tirunelveli
Dillenia retusa Thunb. Tree Western
Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. I, 1983
Dillenia suffruticosa (Griffith) Martelli   Tree Cultivated,
Native of Malaysian Region
J. Irwin, 1996
Dillenia, Shrubby Simpoh, Shrubby Simpohlenia



Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Dillenia indica Dilleniaceae Elephant Apple
Dillenia pentagyna Dillenia floribunda, Dillenia hainanensis Dilleniaceae Karmal
Dillenia suffruticosa Wormia suffruticosa Dilleniaceae Shrubby Dillenia

Minor Fruit Crops of India: Tropical and Subtropical By Bibhas Chandra Mazumdar (2004)- Great details-
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-
Indian Medicinal Plants: An Illustrated Dictionary edited by C.P. Khare (2007)- Details-
Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-

Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-

Flora of Eastern Ghats: Hill Ranges of South East India, Volume 1 By T. Pullaiah, D. Muralidhara Rao, K. Sri Ramamurthy (2007)- Details with keys
Dillenia : 3 posts by 2 authors.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Dillenia

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.

I have added list of wild species of Dillenia in India based on the reference

Flora picture of year 2015 – J.M.Garg : 10 posts by 7 authors.
I hardly get any time to go for Flora explorations these days. But always try to click beautiful flora around me whenever I go out on family trip even though I hardly find any time to go into their identification process or post them for Id due to other priority areas.
However, the idea of presenting genera pages with images kept me thinking for some time, of all species available in efi site under a particular genera, since Idea of Insertion of images proved fruitful. This thought kept on disturbing me from time to time. One day I could not sleep. So got up at odd hours & tried it.

Oh my God! This was so easy & so beautiful ! I just mostly copied & pasted on genera page from what Rawat ji has done on species pages.
Pl. see the genera page: Dillenia done by me.
For me this idea & its baby step is ‘The Flora picture of the year 2015’, which is going to transform efloraofindia as I have hardly seen such development anywhere in the world.

Kudos … !! The attempt to reach, and accomplish goal is highly satisfying !!

Yes … Great effort on yr part…. Hats off for your patience & perseverance…

… Salute!! … you are inspiration !!

Great work …! Congrats on the accomplishments due to your dedication and sincere efforts! This is indeed a great step towards achieving the intended goal.

wonderful use of insominac’s time. may be i could do some during such times? good idea

Great dedication from your side. My big salutes……………….