Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. (Syn: Dodonaea arabica Hochst. & Steud.; Dodonaea arborea Herter; Dodonaea arizonica A. Nelson; Dodonaea bialata Kunth; Dodonaea brasiliensis Schltdl.; Dodonaea candolleana Blume; Dodonaea dioica Roxb. ex DC. ; Dodonaea dombeyana Blume; Dodonaea ehrenbergii Schltdl.; Dodonaea eriocarpa Sm.; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. amphioxea Deg. & Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. confertior Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. costulata Deg., Deg. & Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. degeneri Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. forbesii Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. glabrescens Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. hillebrandii Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. hosakana Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. lanaiensis Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. molokaiensis Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. oblonga Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. obtusior Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. pallida Deg. & Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. sherffii Deg. & Deg.; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. skottsbergii Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. vaccinioides Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. varians Deg. & Sherff; Dodonaea eriocarpa var. waimeana Sherff; Dodonaea fauriei H. Lév.; Dodonaea heterophylla Hort. ex G. Don; Dodonaea jamaicensis DC.; Dodonaea lagunensis M. E. Jones; Dodonaea latifolia Salisb.; Dodonaea linearifolia Turcz.; Dodonaea linearis E. Mey. ex Sond.; Dodonaea lucida Moench; Dodonaea microcarpa DC.; Dodonaea microcarya Small; Dodonaea natalensis Sond.; Dodonaea neriifolia A. Cunn. ex A. Gray; Dodonaea ovata Dum. Cours.; Dodonaea pallida Miq.; Dodonaea pentandra Griff.; Dodonaea repanda Schumach.; Dodonaea sandwicensis Sherff; Dodonaea sandwicensis var. latifolia Deg. & Sherff; Dodonaea sandwicensis var. simulans Sherff; Dodonaea skottsbergii (Sherf) Deg. & Deg.; Dodonaea stenoptera Hbd.; Dodonaea stenoptera var. fauriei (H. Lév.) Sherff; Dodonaea thunbergiana Eckl. & Zeyh.; Dodonaea viscosa subsp. arizonica (A. Nels.) E. Murray; Dodonaea viscosa eriocarpa (Sm.) Radlk.; Dodonaea viscosa var. galapagensis (Sherff) D. M. Porter; Dodonaea viscosa var. linearis (Harvey & Sonder) Sherff; Dodonaea viscosa var. marquesensis F. Br.; Dodonaea viscosa f. repanda (Thonn. ex Schum.) Radlk.; Dodonaea viscosa var. stokesiana F. Br.; Dodonaea wightiana Blume; Ptelea viscosa L.);             
              
USA (Arizona, California, Florida), Cuba, Cayman Isl., Hispaniola, Jamaica,
Puerto Rico, Mona Isl., Virgin Isl. (Anegada, St. Croix, St. Thomas), Lesser
Antilles (Antigua, Barbados, Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Marie
Galante, Martinique, St. Eustatius, St. Lucia, St. Martin), Costa Rica, Peru,
Nicaragua, Belize, Revillagigedos Isl. (Isla Socorro, Isla Clarion), Guyana,
Surinam, French Guiana, Ecuador, Galapagos, Bolivia (Chuquisaca, Cochabamba, La
Paz, Potos, Santa Cruz, Tarija), N-Brazil (Rondonia), NE-Brazil (Maranhao,
Ceara, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Bahia), SE-Brazil (Minas
Gerais, Espirito Santo, Sao Paulo, Rio de Janeiro), Argentina (Buenos Aires,
Entre Rios, Jujuy, Salta, Santa Fe, Tucuman), S-Brazil (Parana, Rio Grande do
Sul, Santa Catarina), Chile (Coquimbo), Uruguay (Canelones, Lavalleja,
Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rocha, San Jose, Treinta y Tres), Panama,
Mexico (Aguascalientes, Baja California Norte, Baja California Sur, Chiapas,
Chihuahua, Coahuila, Colima, Ciudad de Mexico, Durango, Guanajuato, Guerrero,
Hidalgo, Jalisco, Mexico State, Michoacan, Morelos, Nayarit, Nuevo Leon, Oaxaca,
Puebla, Queretaro, Quintana Roo, San Luis Potosi, Sinaloa, Sonora, Tamaulipas,
Tlaxcala, Veracruz, Yucatan, Zacatecas), Honduras, Venezuela (Bolivar, Distrito
Federal, Falcon, Lara, Merida, Miranda, Sucre, Trujillo), Colombia (Antioquia,
Bolvar, Boyac, Cesar, Cundinamarca, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nario,
Norte de Santander, San Andrs, Providencia y Santa Catalina, Santander),
Trinidad, Tobago, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Botswana, Seychelles, Mauritius,
La Runion, Rodrigues, Socotra, Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Burkina Faso,
Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Benin, Togo, Nigeria, Bioko
Isl. (Fernando Poo), Central African Republic, Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea,
Gabon, D.R. Congo (Zaire), SW-Angola, Sudan, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Djibouti,
Somalia, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Rwanda, ?Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia,
Zimbabwe, Madagascar, ?Zanzibar, Taiwan, Ryukyu Isl., China (widespread),
peninsular Malaysia (mostly East Coast), +Singapore, Sumatra, Java, Borneo,
Sulawesi, Philippines (throughout), Sulawesi, Lesser Sunda Isl., New Guinea,
Moluccas, Solomon Isl., Andaman Isl. (North Andaman Isl., Middle Andaman Isl.,
South Andaman Isl., Little Andaman Isl.), Nicobar Isl. (Car Nicobar Isl., North
Nicobar Isl., Central Nicobar Isl., Great Nicobar Isl., Little Nicobar Isl.),
Sri Lanka, Myanmar [Burma] (Ayeyarwady, Rakhine, Taninthayi, Yangon),
Java, New
Guinea, Thailand, India (throughout), Afghanistan (Kunar / Nuristan), Pakistan
(Karachi, Sind, Baluchistan, Waziristan, Kurram, N.W.Frontier Prov., Pakistani
Punjab, Salt Range, Dir, Swat, Hazara), Jammu & Kashmir,
Vietnam,
Lakshadweep Isl. (Laccadives), Maldives, Bangladesh,
Australia (NE-Queensland,
NE-New South Wales), Cocos (Keeling) Isl., Norfolk Isl., New Caledonia, Fiji,
New Zealand (North Cape to Banks peninsula, Greymouth), Chatham Isl. (I), Bonin
Isl. (Chichijima, Anijima, Keetaajima), Volcano Isl. (Iwojima), Cook Isl.
(Rarotonga), Gilbert Isl. (Tarawa, Nonouti, Onotoa), Mapia Isl., Marquesas Isl.,
Marshall Isl. (Bikini, Likiep), Micronesia (Yap, Woleai, Truk, Moen), Nauru,
Niue, Northern Marianas (Asuncion), Palau Isl. (Babeldaob, Malakal, Tobi),
Society Isl. (Tahiti, Moorea, Huahine, Raiatea, Tahaa), Southern Marianas
(Saipan, Rota, Guam), Tonga (Kao, Vava’u), Tuamotu Arch. (Makatea Isl.), Austral
Isl. (Raivavae, Rurutu, Rapa Iti, Tubuai), Western Samoa (Savaii), Cape Verde
Isl. (Fogo Isl.), Hawaii (Niihau, Kauai, Oahu, Molokai, Lanai, Maui, Hawaii
Isl.)
as per Catalogue of life;
 
Sticky hop bush, Hopseed, Hopbush, Akeake, Aalii, • Hindi: Sanatta, विलायती मेहॆंदी Vilayti-mehdi, Sinatha • Marathi: Lutchmi • Tamil: Virali • Malayalam: Vrali, Unnataruvi • Telugu: Bandaru, Pullena • Kannada: Bandaru, Bandarike • Oriya: Mohra • Sanskrit: aliar, rasna, sanatta;
 

Shrubs to small sized trees, up to 4 m tall; branches terete, often angled; young parts scurfy puberulous. Leaves alternate, 1-8 x 0.2-1.5 cm, oblanceolate-obovate or broadly elliptic, subacute or shortly apiculate or sometimes notched, abruptly tapering towards the basal end, viscid, with shining yellowish resinous exudation. Inflorescence panicled cymes, up to 7 cm long, lateral nerves up to 35, looping. Flowers greenish yellow. Sepals oblong. Anthers oblong-linear. Capsules membranous, compressed, up to 1.5 cm long, notched at apex and base, 2-3-winged, 1-2-seeded; seeds black.  

Flowering and fruiting: January-May
Shola, evergreen and dry deciduous forests
Pantropical
 

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shrub id Kalatope al200411a: a shrub for id…
location Kalatope, chamba
Altitude 1400mts
Habit shrub
Habitat wild
Height 3 feet 

– This is Dodonaea viscosa (Linn.) Jacq., Enum. Pl. Carib. 19, 1760; Ptelea  viscosa Linn., Sp. Pl. 118 of Sapindaceae


– Dodonaea viscosaVirali in Tamil .  There is one virali malai (hillock) in Tamil Nadu. The plant is of high medicinal value. Mostly found in many scrub jungles and waste lands in Karnataka / Tamil Nadu.


I have seen branches of this shrub tightly woven together to make strong and beautiful fences in some tribal hamlets in Kerala.


Dodonaea viscosa is found in Pachmarhi and Balaghat (M.P.) also. Meanwhile it has been planted as hedge plant in police lines Seoni (M.P.)



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Plant ID request | 17Sep11AR01 from Chunchankatte:   Date/Time-24 Jul 2011
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- Chunchankatte, Mysore Dist
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type-Wild, Bottom – Hill rock.
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb-Shrub
Height/Length-approx –  ~ 1feet, 
Leaves Type/ Shape/ Size- Shape – Lanceolate,  8cms approx, Young leaves -green, old leaves a mix of Orange-Brownand orange.
Inflorescence Type/ Size-
Flowers Size/ Colour/ Calyx/ Bracts-Not present
Fruits Type/ Shape/ Size Seeds- 2-4cms 


Dodonea viscosa of Sapindaceae family.


In tamil its called virali
http://nbranaikatti.blogspot.com/2011/08/blog-post_8002.html


 

Plant id – Kalatop (dam site) Al031112:  A plant for id… is this the fruit stage… ??
Location Kalatope, Chamba
Altitude 1200 mts
Habit Shrub
Habitat wild
Height 4 feet
Season ?? February-March

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efloraindia: 151111 BRS170:

Hop Bush (Dodonaea viscosa) from NBNP Garden, Anaikatti, Locally abundant spcies in woody scrub jungle habitat.
Fruiting season May to June.


Dodonaea viscosa
Had heard about the tree but never seen it. Thanks for sharing.
A small tree or a large shrub with those characteristic capsule -red brown on maturing; with two to four wings.
… has posted some nice pictures of these fruits on Wikimedia commons.
Family : Sapindaceae
Though from Sapindaceae it seems to have simple alternate leaves which secret some resin.
Similar winged fruits are observed in Holoptela integrifolia and Pterocarpus marsupium also.
Any other plant with similar fruits????


Dodonaea viscosa, also called Aliyar in my area (Haryana). the plant is normally used as hedge as the plant is not eaten by grazing animals, forms a thick hedge and being unarmed is not dangerous as a hedge in gardens….


Sharing the images of Dodonaea viscosa flowering at NBNP, Anaikatti, Coimbatore, (Oct. Nov. 2011)


 

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19012012 BRS 299: Pl. find the forward message from … one of my friend he recieved the following mail for the sp. confirmation.

Forwad message
Note ; Could you please identify the plant attached with this mail? is
it Hymenodictyon exclsum?


I think there is a confusion here. Hymenodictyon is a tree.
This looks like Glinus of family Molluginaceae or may be Oldenlandia of Rubiaceae.


Agree with …, the posted picture is not Hymenodictyon. It may be Dodonaea viscosa.


Yes for me too this looks like Dodonaea viscosa


This one is a Mangrove Tree from Andaman.
Date/Time: 23-12-2010 / 10:15AM
Location: Chidiyatapu near Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar
Habitat: Wild (Mangrove)
Plant Habit: Tree ( approx 4m)

–  Dodonaea viscosa of Sapindaceae. Root is one of the ingredients of locally made herbal shampoo in TN.


This tree was spotted along with other Mangrove Trees at Andaman.
Bot. name: Dodonaea viscosa
Family: Sapindaceae
Date/Time: 23-12-2010 / 10:15AM
Location: Chidiyatapu near Port Blair, Andaman & Nicobar
Habitat: Wild (Mangrove)
Plant Habit: Tree ( approx 4m)


 

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Sapindaceae Fortnight: Dodonaea viscosa from Delhi-GS22 : Attachments (2). 1 post by 1 author. 

Dodonaea viscosa, photographed from Delhi.


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Dodonaea viscosa Jacq. photographed at Bhimtal, in Uttarakhand. The shrub is used for making hedge.


Yes, a common shrub..


Images by Nidhan Singh

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Morni Hills 2014: Dodonaea viscosa:: NS Feb 08 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7).
This common bush of dry slopes was also found in flowers this tour…
Dodonaea viscosa ….


Good set of photographs, Nice find..


 

 

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ARJUL42 Plant for ID :  6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3).
Bangalore July 2014


Looks like Dodonaea species (விராலி).


Is Dodonaea angustifolia a subspecies or a separate species?


Dodonaea viscosa subsp angustifolia is different from ssp viscosa


 

 

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Saw this tree at the Rao Jodha Desert Rock Park, Jodhpur, RJ in March 2018.
Requested to please ID.

Dodonea viscosa, Sapindaceae  


Dodonaea viscosa 



 

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131218 SD03 : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)- 1 mb. 
Please assist with Plant ID
Taken at Aravalli biodiversity park, Delhi-NCR region, end November.
Sorry but I didn’t have more photos

Dodonaea viscosa male flowers. 


It is Dodonea viscosa male plant with flowers

 

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Identification VST7 : 6 posts by 5 authors. Attachments (5)
Kindly identify the plant.
Date/Time- 19 OCT 2019
Location-Place, Altitude, GPS-  Shivgange Hill, Near Dabaspete, Karnataka, 13° 10′ 25.31” N 77° 13′ 35.20” E. Altitude 1058
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- Wild
Plant Habit-Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Shrub
Height/Length- 70 cm.
Pods with three wings.

Fruit indicates towards CombretaceaeCombretum and Terminalia … Leaf reminds me of Conocarpus

I could find a similar looking species …Terminalia sericea, but  not a total match. 
Looks like I am totally off the mark ! 


Dodonea viscosa


Dodonaea viscosa is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry
family, Sapindaceae


I too agreed with …


Dodonea viscosa   


 

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Plant id from Bangladesh _sm_3006 : 4 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
Habitat : sandy beach

Location : Chera Deep, Saint Martin Island, Bangladesh
Fruiting : November
Photo taken : Nov, 2018

Dodonaea viscosa ??

Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appear close to images at Dodonaea viscosa

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Recent image with flower 

Attachments (1) – 2 mb.


Dodonaea viscosa


 

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Dodonaea viscosa photographed from Sunnyvale California


 

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Sharing pictures of Dodonaea viscosa, commonly known as Hopbush from Oman.
These pictures were taken in May,2013 at Jebel Akhdar, which is at a height of around 3000 metres in the Al Hajar Mountains.
This place is also famous for Rose water and the world famous Pomegranates.


The locals use this flower in their salads, don’t they?


Frankly, I have no idea if these are used in Salads.
The ones seen in the pictures are mostly winged seeds, only the first picture has flowers.


The plant of Dodonaea is available in India are mostly D. angustifolia…. in most of flora it is identified as D. viscosa…. It will be better to consult Flora of Kerala and Leenhouts, P.W. 1983. Notes on Extra-Australian species of Dodonaea. Blumea 28 (2): 271-289.


I will try to validate this id from an expert on Oman flora.


Thanks, …, for your valuable comments.
Pl. see all the references with details in this regard as given at page Dodonaea.
Your views seems to be in agreement with GRIN (updated in 2006).
But I shall like to go with the Tropicos which has been updated with refrences in 2013 until & unless there is something more to it.
Even Flora of India uploaded by you goes with Dodonaea viscosa in this regard.


Thanks for your information. I have mentioned the litterateurs where there is descriptions of the plants to distinguish as two species of Dodonaea. I follow the link as they treated D. angustifolia L.f. as synonym of D. viscosa Jacq.


 
Photo prise le 16/02/2020 au Chhattisgarh-India 
My research brought me to Holoptelea integrifolia.
But the samaras indented and the leaves sharpened towards the petiole make me doubt this ID!
What is your opinion?


It should be Dodonaea viscosa

Yes, it seems to be Dodonaea viscosa.


Yes, it’s Dodonaea viscosa only, 


Yes, Dodonaea viscosa.


References:

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