Echinochloa frumentacea Link, Hort. Berol. 1: 204 1827. (Syn: Echinochloa colona var. frumentacea (Link) Ridl.; Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Hitchc. [Illegitimate]; Echinochloa crus-galli var. edulis Honda; Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea (Link) W.F.Wright; Echinochloa crusgalli var. frumentacea W. Wight; Echinochloa glabrescens var. barbata Kossenko; Oplismenus frumentaceus (Link) Kunth; Panicum crus-galli var. edule (Hitchc.) Thell. ex de Lesd.; Panicum crus-galli var. edulis (Hitchc.) Makino & Nemoto; Panicum crus-galli var. frumentacea (Link) Trimen; Panicum crus-galli var. frumentaceum (Roxb.) Trimen; Panicum frumentaceum Roxb. [Illegitimate]; (≡) Echinochloa crus-galli var. frumentacea (Link) E. G. Camus & A. Camus);
Barti, Sawan, Shamule;
Echinochloa frumentacea (Indian barnyard millet, sawa millet, or billion dollar grass) is a species of Echinochloa. Both Echinochloa frumentacea and E. esculenta are called Japanese millet.
Echinochloa frumentacea occurs in tropical warm Asia and Africa, naturalized in America and Ukraine. Also found in East Africa, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka through South East Asia to New Guinea and Australia.
It is herbaceous, tufted annual or perennial. Not confined to wetlands but often found along rivers and round ponds as the water recedes. A common weed in rice fields. It is often cultivated as a dry season crop, particularly in river beds (Cook 1996). It is abundant in aquatic or semi-aquatic systems like marshes and cultivated fields (Kabeer and Nair 2009).
(From IUCN Red List (LC))
Poaceae, Cyperaceae and Juncaceae Week:: Poaceae : Echinochloa colona from Panipat- NS 33: Attachments (2). 3 posts by 2 authors.
This grass is common during rice season (early winter), specially abundant among fodder crops.. to me this is Echinochloa colona (L.) Link, wanted to know exactly, if this is feasible with these pics..
Echinochloa frumentacea (Also called E.crusgalli var. frumentacea) or Barnyard millet. The recurved racemes distinguish it from the normal.
The spikelets almost awnless led me to think about this being E. colona.. thanks … for clarification..
Echinochloa frumentacea Link 15Jan SN 19 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (2)
Echinochloa frumentacea Link,
a weed in paddy cultivation from Hosur area of Krishnagiri dt, Tamilnadu.
Thanks … for your valuable uploads, I need to know almost all of grasses/sedges around me, a good task to start..
Better if you send English translation, so that all members can read your mail.
In seventeen century, there used to be some grain called ‘Bhakar’ in Rajasthan.
This may be Echinochloa frumentacea जिसे सामा, सामख, वरी, झंगोरा बोलते हैंl इसे गुजरात और मालवा में भगर बोलते हैl
Usually, what is grown is Echinochloa frumentacea (Barnyard millet) which is known by various names including Bakhar, Jhangora, etc. However Sama Rice is the common name for several species of certain millets including E.frumentacea, Panicum miliare (Little millet), P.miliaceum (Proso millet), etc. Vari is one of the common names of Little millet as well as Kodo millet (Paspalum scrobiculatum). In some places, vari rice is Oryza rufipogon. So, these common names vary from region to region and that is exactly why there is a requirement of a universally accepted scientific name.
‘Beaker’ English name is Barnyard and botanical Name is Echinochloa esculenta as per my knowledge.
In my opinion, it should be the Indian Barnyard millet Echinochloa frumentacea which is widely cultivated in Himalayas. However, there is lot of variation and hybridization and polyploidy due to which both E.e. and E.f. cannot be considered a true species. E.f. is basically polyploid of E.colonum whereas E.e. is a polyploid of E.crus-galli