Alabama; Andaman Is.; Argentina Northeast; Argentina Northwest; Arizona; Aruba; Assam; Azores; Bahamas; Bangladesh; Belize; Benin; Bermuda; Bolivia; Borneo; Brazil North; Brazil Northeast; Brazil South; Brazil Southeast; Brazil West-Central; Burkina; California; Cambodia; Cape Provinces; Cayman Is.; Central African Repu; Chile Central; China North-Central; China South-Central; China Southeast; Colombia; Congo; Cook Is.; Costa Rica; Cuba; Czechoslovakia; Dominican Republic; East Himalaya; Ecuador; Egypt; El Salvador; Fiji; Florida; Free State; French Guiana; Gambia; Georgia; Guatemala; Guyana; Hainan; Haiti; Hawaii; Honduras; Illinois; India; Italy; Jamaica; Japan; Jawa; Kenya; Korea; KwaZulu-Natal; Leeward Is.; Louisiana; Madagascar; Malawi; Malaya; Mauritius; Mexico Central; Mexico Gulf; Mexico Northeast; Mexico Northwest; Mexico Southeast; Mexico Southwest; Mississippi; Mozambique; Nauru; Nepal; Netherlands Antilles; New Caledonia; New South Wales; Nicaragua; Norfolk Is.; North Carolina; Northern Provinces; Northern Territory; Panam; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Portugal; Puerto Rico; Queensland; Rodrigues; Runion; Society Is.; South Australia; South Carolina; Spain; Sri Lanka; Sudan; Sumatera; Suriname; Taiwan; Tanzania; Texas; Thailand; Trinidad-Tobago; Uruguay; Venezuela; Victoria; Vietnam; Virginia; Western Australia; Windward Is.; Zambia; Zare; Zimbabwe as per Catalogue of Life (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms );
Common Water Hyacinth, Nile lily, jal khumbe, Betad;

Commelinales & Zingiberales Week: Pontederiaceae, Eichhornia crassipes from Delhi: Commelinales & Zingiberales Week: Pontederiaceae, Eichhornia crassipes  (Mart.) Solms, Monogr. Phan. 4: 527 1883.
The Water hyacinth, common in Delhi in ponds and wet areas and long banks of river Yamuna.


plant for ID060311AMS3: Its Eichhornia, species conformation needed

Eichhornia crassipes

Eichhornia crassipes: Taken today at Asansol (W.B.) 09:17 AM

Jalkumbhi, destroyig ponds in north India

Sir, I agree with your comments. This weed has become a nuisance throught the world. But it is ultimately the humans who  has propagated it by directly charging untreated waste/water or anything which can be thought off into water bodies/rivers etc.  After doing so much of harm to the environment ourselves we cannot blame these natural beings of destroying anything. When humans can lay their hands on anything they desire in the name of development than we should also get an equal competition from the nature also. When human do excesses they should also expect the same, as the law goes “Everything has an equal & opposite reaction”.
These are my views, please don’t take anything personal.      

Water Hyacinth: this lovely mauve flower of the water hyacinth was spotted today morning while birding in the Kalikapur wetlands of Kolkata.



EICCHORNIA CRASSIPES:  Attaching an image of the flowers of Eicchornia crassipes ( WATER HYACINTH ). This plant is native of tropical South America. Bruoght to Asia for its pretty flowers, now it is a major menace. All attempts to eradicate it failed.


English we call it Water hyacinth. This water plant is a dangerous weed which grows very quickly and difficult to remove once established. It also depletes the oxygen in the water endagering the fishes and other animals in the water body.

First photo is not Water hyacinth
it was here by mistake

First one could be Alysicarpus

Yes, it is dangerous weed. It infested the Kharun river near my city. Please see the degree of infestation.
pankajoudhia but living with this obnoxious weed the Traditional Healers have developed its new uses. Here is interesting document
Traditional medicinal knowledge about a noxious weed, jal kumbhi (Eichhornia crassipes), in Chhattisgarh (India)

There are some bio control agents to remove this Eichhornia. Some insects that feed exclusively on these plants. Read somewhere long back.

Neochetina bruchii and other Neochetina are effective but in laboratory conditions only. Few years back the weed researchers declared that Parthenium can manage Water Hyacinth but later common people relaized that it was of academic interest only. The concerned researchers applied Parthenium extract on Water Hyacinth growing in small tub. It is not found feasible to apply Parthenium in bulk to manage this weed in ponds. Hence, after publishing the paper in reputed journal and receiving the award the researchers Never tried to move forward.
In Kharun river it was very easy to use the mechanical control measure as two sides were parallel. In this measure two tractors are run in both sides of river and between them chain is kept across the river. It removes Water Hyacinth within few hours. But due to lack of political will, BJP and Congress continued fighting over this issue and finally flood in rainy season washed the issue i.e. Water Hyacinth.
By the way please see this website selling furnitures prepared from Water Hyacinth.

More Pics from Village Madlouda (Panipat)



Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms from Hooghly:

Attaching images of what we call KOCHURI PANA in Bengali.
Species : Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms
Bengali name : কচুরি-পানা
Habit & Habitat : aquatic herb
Date : 13/8/12, 10.39 A.M.
Place : Garalgacha (Hooghly)
ID help :

Yes, …
This is the water hyacinth that is as beautiful as it is tiresome weedy growth… choking the waterways of the world… including India… roots give a safe heaven to all and sundry creatures including the mosquitoes larvae … and makes waterways non-navigable and sweet water slow-moving rivers into stale water.
Now a days at least in Bengal they have found use as a green fodder for cows .. a misguided effort since low quality milk is produced that in turn creates increased in- digestibility in people who drink it…. hope they have abandoned the idea BUT will never know since advent of the co-operative dairy culture all milk is mixed up and Nobody is responsible for good or bad milk….
SECONDLY … dried Kachuri-pana plants are processed to yield fibres of sorts to make paper and decorative “Natural” coverings for book binding and gift boxes… and lampshades… insects love them and so I dont think this is going to last too long since the novelty would wear off and sales will plummet… this initial effort is grassroots based and hence low tech with glue that is used is rice starch based and the insects may also be attracted to that element…
unless some high tech solution is found .. some continuities have taken to drying the plants and burning, using the ash to add to soil.. but this would turn out to be mistake when it would be found that very high toxic levels of heavy metals are concentrated in them….
Poor water hyacinth plant… what bad Karma produced it….

Thank you for all these info on water hyacinth. I would like to add that though are much publicized as weeds, to some animals they are useful too, a perfect hiding place for waterbirds, water monitor, and maybe a breeding / nesting ground to some, including mosquitoes.

Attaching more pictures, recorded on 8/9/12.

Pontederiaceae : Eichhornia crassipes (Mar.) Solms. : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (2).
Date: 10 Aug, 2014
Location: Chitawan National Park, Nepal

Altitude : 250 ft.

Yes looks very nice but one of the most noxious weeds of the world.

Images by tspkumar



TSP-JAN2016-08-08: Images of Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (5)

It is my pleasure to share few images of Eichhornia crassipes (Pontederiaceae 

Habit: Herb 

Habitat: Aquatic 

Sighting: Chikmagalur, Karnataka, about 800 msl 

Date: 21-06-2014 and 29-11-2014


Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)

Location : Phewa Lake, Pokhara, Nepal
Date : 10 August 2017
Elevation : 2600 ft.
Nepali Names : जलकुम्भी Jalakumbhee / जलुको Jaluko

Beautiful capture with droplets.

Eichhornia crassipes :: Dattaji Salvi Udyan :: 01 MAY 18 : 2 posts by 2 authors. 1 image.
Dattaji Salvi Udyan  Thane
Date: May 1, 2018 … Altitude: about 11 m (36 feet) asl
Eichhornia crassipes  (Mart.) Solms


Pontederiaceae: Eichhornia crassipes Solms: 1 image.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997


WCSP (Pontederia crassipes Mart.)  POWO (Pontederia crassipes Mart.) (Introduced) Catalogue of Life (Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) Solms)