Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13(1): 102 102 1821. (syn. Crataegus bibas Lour.; Mespilus japonica Thunb.; Photinia japonica (Thunb.) Benth. & Hook. f. ex Asch. & Schweinf.);
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Loquat, Japanese medlar, Japanese plum • Hindi: लौकाट Lokat • Marathi: Lokat • Malayalam: Nespli; Tam: Ilakotta, Nokkotto; Kan: Lakkote; 
Medium size tree with up to 25 cm long, up to 7 cm broad leaves, rusty beneath; flowers up to 2 cm across, white; fruit yellow 2-3 cm long.

Eriobotrya japonica from Kashmir:
Eriobotrya japonica from Kashmir, photographed from Nishat Garden on June 17, 2010. … another fruit for you before you leave Indian Shores.
Common names:
English: Japanese medlar, Loquat
Hindi: Lokat
Tam: Ilakotta, Nokkotto
Kan: Lakkote
German: Jananische Wollmispel

– I love this fruit it is called locket fruit in Bengali, this fruits are hollow inside and have a lovely flower like smell.

– some pictures from me .

– I like the fragrance of this fruit its aromatic


Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. Trans. Linn. Soc. London 13: 102. 1821.
Basionym: Mespilus japonica Thunb. Syst. Veg., ed. 14 (J. A. Murray). 466. 1784.
Family: Rosaceae
These fruits were seen on the bank of river ganges at Haridwar. Usually people there have this tendency of attaching the fruit name with the mythological god or goddess and they called it Ramphal. But I assume in both hindi and english this is called as Loquat but not sure. It is very sweet and tasty to eat. I was also tempted to share this ancient chinese painting of the same plant from Wikipedia.
Uses (Wikipedia): The loquat is comparable with its distant relative, the apple, in many aspects, with a high sugar, acid and pectin content. It is eaten as a fresh fruit and mixes well with other fruits in fresh fruit salads or fruit cups. Firm, slightly immature fruits are best for making pies or tarts. The fruits are also commonly used to make jam, jelly, and chutney, and are often served poached in light syrup.
Loquat syrup is used in Chinese medicine for soothing the throat like a cough drop. The leaves, combined with other ingredients and known as pipa gao (枇杷膏; pinyin: pípágāo; literally “loquat paste”), it acts as a demulcent and an expectorant, as well as to soothe the digestive and respiratory systems. Loquats can also be used to make light wine. Like most related plants, the seeds (pips) and young leaves of the plant are slightly poisonous, containing small amounts of cyanogenic glycosides (including amygdalin) which release cyanide when digested,
though the low concentration and bitter flavour normally prevents enough being eaten to cause harm.
In Japan, it is eaten fresh or sometimes canned because the flesh is sweet. However, the waste ratio is 30% or more, due to the size of the seed. Among other things, it is processed to confectionery including jellies and the jam.
Eaten in quantity, loquats have a gentle but noticeable sedative effect, with effects lasting up to 24 hours.
It is also fermented into a fruit wine, sometimes using just the crystal sugar and white liquor. Lemon or lemon zest is often paired with the wine because the fruit has very low acidity. Aficionados also enjoy a sake made exclusively from the seed, which has an aroma much like apricot kernel. Due to the presence of cyanogenic glycosides, bulk consumption may pose a risk of cyanide poisonings.
Common names: The name loquat derives from lou4 gwat1, the Cantonese pronunciation of its old classical Chinese name (simplified Chinese: 芦橘; traditional Chinese: 蘆橘; pinyin: lújú, literally “reed orange”). In modern Chinese, it is more commonly known as pipa (Chinese: 枇杷; pinyin: pípá), from the resemblance of its shape to that of the Chinese musical instrument pipa (琵琶). Likewise, in Japanese it is called biwa, similarly named from the corresponding musical instrument, biwa. It is also known as the “Japanese medlar”, an appellation used in many languages: nêspera or magnório (Portuguese), níspero (Spanish), lokaat (Hindi), japanska mušmula or nešpula (Croatian), naspli (Maltese), nespola (Italian), náspolya (Hungarian), nespra (Catalan), nèfle du Japon or bibasse (French), L’meshmash (Algerian), néspera (Galician). Other names include: שסק sheseq (Hebrew), إسكدنيا Iskidunya, إكيدنيا Ik(k)idunya, Aki Dini,Igadinya or Bashmala بشملة (Arabic), Akkadeneh or Akka Dhuniya (Lebanese), mushmula or Nor Ashkhar (Armenian), mushmala (Georgian), mushmolla verore (summer medlar) (Albanian), μούσμουλο/μούσμουλα moúsmoulo/moúsmoula (sg/pl) or mespilia (Greek), Japanse (wol)mispel (Dutch), yeni dünya, muşmula or Malta Eriği in Turkish, mespila in Cyprus, mousmoula in Greece, despoles (δέσπολες) in Crete , Pibasy in Malagasy,мушмула (mušmulá) in Russian, and lukwart[4] in Afrikaans. The Armenian name Nor Ashkhar and the Turkish name yeni dünya literally mean “new world”, while the everyday Turkish name for the fruit, Malta eriği, means ‘Maltese plum’, indicating perhaps confusion over the fruit’s origin.

Till now, even I was aware of only one “Ramphal” i.e. Annona reticulata (as … mentioned) so, sharing Flower pic of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. with you all clicked in Uttarakhand.
Location: Ghuttu, Tehri Dist, Uttarakhand
Date:       August12, 2010
Elevation  1100m asl
Habit         Tree
Habitat     Planted (In the garden of Garhwal Mandal Vikas Nigam’s Guest House)

– In addition to Annona reticulata being named as Ramphal (Sanskrit and possibly other Indian languages) in Nepal Ramphal is Dillenia indica (as per CSIR Useful Plants of India).


Thanks … for showing ‘Ramphal’ to us! U might be aware that Annona squamosa is known as ‘Sitaphal’. Don’t know why they are called so.

the fruit Annona reticulata is also known by the name Ramphal. It is a cousin of Sitaphal.

Thats why I had added that people have this tendency to add the names of god and goddess with the fruits. Kind of free advertisement you see.
At Haridwar if someone sells a fruit with a god’s name attached, he can get more customer, than with usual name.


Rosaceae Week: Eriobotrya japonica from KashmirEriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lind.

syn: Mespilus japonica Thunb.
Common names: Japanese medlar, loguat, Japanese
Medium size tree with up to 25 cm long, up to 7 cm broad leaves, rusty beneath; flowers up to 2 cm across, white; fruit yellow 2-3 cm long.
Photographed from Moghul gardens, Kashmir.

Rosaceae week- Eriobotrya japonica:  Seen this tree at Moghul gardens, Srinagar, Kashmir.

Bot. name: Eriobotrya japonica
Date/Time: 24-09-2011/ 01:30PM.


Eriobotrya for ID : Srinagar : 211011 : AK-3: Taken at Srinagar on the 10th of Sept,11.
A medium sized tree in the Mughal Gardens.
No flowers or fruit seen, only buds on the tree.

100 % Eriobotrya japonica
i found this tree in pune city

I too had seen this plant in Mughal Gardens, Srinagar. Here is the link for the Thread…
efi thread…

Ficus/ABNOV17 :  9 posts by 6 authors. Attachments (5).

I found five trees of this Ficus in the compound of an old church here. The leaves are long reaching up to 45cm. The figs are hairy and leaves are covered in a fine down too. The trees are roughly 15-20 ft tall with a well-spread canopy. Please help in identification.
Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
30 November 2014.

Is it a Ficus? or a Rosaceae member?

Thank you … You are right, it could very well be Eriobotrya japonica (Loquat).

did the leaves and fruits have (sort of) fuzzy very minute granular stuff that came off on
your fingers when you handled the leaves
loquat leaves do that…
personal experience from having these trees once upon of time for about a decade…
the ripe fruits are not very palatable but make a nice jam.
ps if this tree is reachable, i would love to see when the fruits ripen, and what do they look like then, in India.

Your suggestion and identification is correct

It should be Eriobotrya japonicaRosaceae, Called as Lokat an edible fruit comes to ripening in April.

Thank you … I will remember to photograph the ripe fruits in April and share with the group.

I got your book on the medicinal plants of HP a while ago and find it very helpful.

These Loquat trees are in flower now and I went to a local church where a few of these trees stand to photograph. Unfortunately the light was low due to thick fog and rain. I managed some for record.

Eriobotrya japonicaLoquat
St John in the Wilderness,
Near Mcleodganj, Dharamshala, HP
1750m approx.
10 August 2016
4 images.


Rosaceae Fortnight : Eriobotrya japonica : Srinagar : 07SEP15 : AK-8 : 08/10 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
From Mughal Gardens in Srinagar.
Posted earlier.


Rosaceae Fortnight: Eriobotrya japonica from Kashmir-GSSEP16/16 : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (2)
Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lind.

syn: Mespilus japonica Thunb.
Common names: Japanese medlar, loguat, Japanese
Medium size tree with up to 25 cm long, up to 7 cm broad leaves, rusty beneath; flowers up to 2 cm across, white; fruit yellow 2-3 cm long.
Photographed from Moghul gardens, Kashmir.

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lind. syn: Mespilus japonica Thunb.
Common names: Japanese medlar, loguat, Japanese
Photographed from Sunnyvale, California

Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb. : 8 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (3)
It seems Elaeocarpus tuberculatus Roxb., small tree from Yercaud hill station, Tamilnadu

From flowers it does not appear to be a species of Elaeocarpus
Pl. see images of Elaeocarpus tuberculatus

The morphology do not tally with E. tuberculatus. Please check this link flowersofindia.
It may not be Elaeocarpus sps

Could it be Eriobotrya japonica?

Thanks, … I think matches with images at

Yes. Indeed … got it. It is 100% Eriobotrya japonicaThis was in my mind. In fact, I was  trying to remember this plant name. I could not get it. Poor memory power.  I could not get the photograph of this plant even which I had clicked about a decade back.

Thank you all for confirming the identity of my image.

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Sharing some pictures of Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. shot at Chobhar Kathmandu Nepal on 1 May 2013 at 4200ft.

To me also appear close to images at Eriobotrya japonica

Thank you … Nepali Name : माया Maayaa / लुकाठ Lukaath / लोकाट Lokaat / सुबर्ण आलु Subarna Aalu

ID request 31012017PC1 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (3)
Kindly identify this plant growing in Delhi. It is a short tree and is flowering now. 

Just a guess… Could be Eriobotrya japonica, commonly known as Loquat.

yes this is Eriobotrya japonica. Loquat. very testy

Could it be Eriobotrya elliptical?

efi pages on Eriobotrya elliptica

Efi link on Eriobotrya japonica

We have only one observation of Eriobotrya elliptica Lindl. from Nepal & images in it look a bit different to me from your posted images.

Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. !


Photo 4 : 4 posts by 1 author. Attachments (1) – 6 MB.
Please identify the plant here in the picture.

When and where?

I think taken somewhere in Europe.

Eriobotria japonica.

Photo 4 : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)- 6 MB.
Please identify the plant here in the picture.

I think taken somewhere in Europe.

Eriobotria japonica.

It is from Vienna, Schonbrunn Castle orangery.

SK1183 08 JUNE 2018 : 12 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (6)- around 700 kb each.
Location : Sukhiapokahari, Darjeeling, India
Date : 12 May 2018
Elevation :  6900 ft.
Habit : Wild
Images not so good quality due to long shot !


Sir i think Dillenia sp.


It does not look like matching as flowers are small in clusters not like Dillenia.
By the way suggest to copy to efi also so that other members can interact.

Eriobotrya sp.

Rosaceae. Maybe some Prunus or Pyrus spp.

Eriobotrya hookeriana Decne. ??

I could not find many images on net of Eriobotrya hookeriana and altitude appears to be a bit high as per Checklist of Nepal.

Difficult for me to distinguish between the two. By the

way what is the habitat elevation for E. japonica as I
did not find it.

I think it is widely cultivated at this elevation as per details at


Mt.Abu.- 6.8.2006; Nishat Garden on June 17, 2010; Nishat Garden, Srinagar; ID(ID-DKB155) – indiantreepix | Google Groups


Narrow leaf and small fruit: 2 images.
This is from Wayenad
Please identify the species.

Eriobotrya elliptica Lindl.! Cultivated?

Was it cultivated?
If so, it may be Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl. (Cultivated) as per images and details herein.
FoPI is not opening right now, so could not check the species listed there

Only this species is listed in FoPI.

Only Eriobotrya japonica is listed in Kerala plants :


Rosaceae: Eriobotrya japonica (Thunb.) Lindl.: 1 high res. image.
location/date: University of Agricultural Sciences campus, Bangalore, July 1997