Eriocaulon xeranthemum Mart., Pl. Asiat. Rar. 3: 29 1832. (syn. Eriocaulon pygmaeum Dalzell);
Acaulescent herbs. Leaves rosulate, upto 3 x 0.3 cm, linear, apex acute or subacuminate. Peduncles few, upto 4 cm long, virgate; sheaths upto 2 cm long. Heads hemispherical or cuneate, c. 4 mm across, straw-coloured. Receptacles convex, glabrous. Involucral bracts erect or spreading, 1.5-2.5 x c. 0.5 mm, linear-oblong, or oblanceolate, acuminate, chartaceous, glabrous, straw-coloured. Floral bracts. c. 1 x 0.5 mm, cuneate, truncate, hyaline, hoary at apex. Male flowers: pedicels minute. Sepals cuneate, connate into a spathe of c. 1 x 0.5 mm, 3-lobed with truncate lobes, black, hoary at apex. Petals 3, subequal, minute, with a black gland in each. Anthers 6, globose, black. Female flowers sessile. Sepals 3, free, unequal, c. 1 mm long; the two lateral ones oblanceolate, obtuse, hoary at apex; the middle one linear, much narrower than the lateral ones. Petals 3, subequal, 0.5 – 1 mm long, spathulate, obtuse, hyaline, barbate, with a black gland in each. Ovary ovoid; style 3-fid. Seeds to 0.5 mm long, oblong or ellipsoid; cells of seed-coat transversely elongated; appendages setiform, 2-4 from the transverse radial walls.
Flowering and fruiting: July-September
Tropical Africa and India
Eriocaulon xeranthemum is distributed in tropical Africa, central Himalayas, Bangladesh, Indonesia, Myanmar, Nepal and Thailand (Ansari and Balakrishnan 1994, 2009). In India it is reported from Andaman Islands, Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Goa, Kerala, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal (Cook 1996).
It is an annual plant growing in marshy places, pools on laterite, rice fields and other seasonally inundated places and also found in the crevices between wet rocks, it is locally abundant (Cook 1996).
(From IUCN Red List (LC) )
Eriocaulon xeranthemum: Here I am attaching the image of Eriocaulon xeranthemum Collected from St, Joseph’s College, Devagiri
Herb for ID : 05092013: RV 1 : Attachments (1). 4 posts by 3 authors.
I found this small herb about 4 to 5 cm, growing on the rocks in Ratnagiri on one of the plateau……..
can this be Eriocaulon xeranthemum…….
picture taken on 30th Aug,13.
efi page on Eriocaulon xeranthemum