Ficus pumila L., Sp. Pl. 1060 1753. (syn. Ficus hanceana Maxim.; Ficus longipedicellata H.Perrier; Ficus repens auct. [Illegitimate]; Ficus repens var. lutchuensis Koidz.; Ficus scandens Lam.; Ficus stipulata Thunb.; Ficus stipulata Lem. [Illegitimate]; Ficus vestita Desf.; Plagiostigma pumila Zucc. (Unresolved); Plagiostigma stipulata Zucc. (Unresolved); Tenorea heterophylla Gasp. (Unresolved); Urostigma scandens (Lam.) Liebm.; Varinga repens Raf. (Unresolved));
India (Cultivated against walls and buildings), China, Japan, Korea, Malesia, Taiwan, Vietnam. Cultivated elsewhere as per Synopsis of the Genus Ficus L. (Moraceae) in India Lal Babu Chaudhary*, Jana Venkata Sudhakar, Anoop Kumar, Omesh Bajpai, Rinkey Tiwari and G. V. S. Murthy- Taiwania, 57(2): 193-216, 2012;
FY-kus or FIK-us — from Latin for Ficus carica, an edible fig … Dave’s Botanary
POO-mil-uh — small, dwarf … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: climbing fig, creeping fig • Assamese: লতা ডিমৰু lata dimaru • Bengali: লতা বট lata bata • Hindi: छिपकली बेल chipkali bel • Konkani: ओणती कम्बळि onntii kambali • Malayalam: മതിൽപ്പറ്റി mathilppati • Marathi: वाघनखी vaghnakhi
Date/Time- on 21/3/10
Location- Place, Altitude, GPS- At Tollygunj Golf Club, Kolkata
Habitat- Garden/ Urban/ Wild/ Type- cultivated (?)
Plant Habit- Tree/ Shrub/ Climber/ Herb- Creeper
This is Ficus repens or the “creeping fig”.
This climber is Ficus pumila L. a native of East Asiatic region; commonly used for decoration.
All three of you are correct. F. repens is the synonym of F. pumila
TSP-DEC2015-61-234:Images of Ficus pumila (Moraceae) : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (4)
It is my pleasure to share few images of Ficus pumila (Moraceae)
Habit: A climbing shrub
Sighting: Bangalore, Karnataka, about 800 msl
Ficus pumila : Nasik : 021211 : AK-2: Ficus pumila fruits seen at a nursery at Nasik on the 1st of Dec,11.
…, I found your earlier post where you had mentioned that you hadn’t come across the fruits in India of this Ficus.
Posting my pictures where the climber had a lot of fruits.
Name given to me in Marathi was Vaghnakhi.
Can you please tell me what was the diameter of figs?
The diameter is exact 3 cm, & length 5 cm of the fruit.
Ficus pumila L.
Very interesting. Yes I think my fruit was much mature than yours.
propagation: Please tell me, how to propagate Ficus primula ?
you can propagate this creeper by tip cutting /semi-hard wood cutting or seeds
Air layering would be another good option to try out. We successfully propagated almost all species in our area. Please visit @
MORACEAE: Ficus pumila L.: 3 images.
Ficus pumila Sp. Pl. 1060 1753.
I have seen ficus pumila for last thirty years but never come across the fruits.
So …, Question arises, if it does not fruit how does it spread far and wide, on top of buildings? its generally from bird poop, seeds being ingested from fruit eating.. mystery?
It spreads by vegetative growth of the creeping stem.
On this site somebody reported that this weakens the wall which slowly disintegrates, and therefore is very different from ivy which is not harmful to the building it spreads on. Should we use it on walls in tropical climate or no. Ivy if I understand correctly can be successfully grown in temperate climate only.
Yes it does weakens the wall PLASTERS!!! as according to my personal experience.
Picture taken at Jijamata Udyan, Mumbai on the 15th of August,11.
A climber covering the entire wall, no flowers, fruits or pods seen.
Climbing fig with fruits : Attachments (2). 7 posts by 5 authors.
Ficus pumila with fruits-egg size.
Ficus pumila (वाघनखी)
are they edible?
Yes … It is edible; but I have no idea anybody ever thought of using it in India . Frankly; I myself have not tasted it. I have read that in some places outside India it is dried/processed and used as the other more popular variety of fig.
This link may answer your question
Plant of Baturraden : 5 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (1).
Please check for Ficus pumila.
Creeper ID from Bangladesh SM086 : 4 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1).
Thanks, …, You can also send a close up by cropping from the original picture (for all posts).
Ficus pumila I think
Ficus pumila L. : 3 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (3)
Location: 12 Mile, Kalimpong, India
Date: 23 May 2017
Altitude: 4000 ft.
This should be Ficus pumila L., a native to China, Eastern Asia and Vietnam commonly used as ornamental creeper for walls.
…, please help with any name if given to this plant in Nepali.
Since it is an introduced sp. there is no Nepali name so far!
The ID is correct. I have seen this plant in many places in South (especially Karnataka). There are two varieties (?). One can see this plant in Lal Bagh, Bangalore.
Thank you very much …
But you may take the opportunity of giving the plant an apt name in Nepali.
08112019EPT18 : 7 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Location : Chennai outskirts
Elevation : 23 mts.
Habitat :Urban garden
Habit : Wall creeper – seen no flower at all.
Yes sir !
yes. I find this every where now a days in the ganges delta for sure but even saw it in southern California !!
growing vigorously on convention center walls etc a few years ago in London no less.
People decorate whole wall even whole building covering with this plant in Nepal.
Corporate building decorated with Ficus pumila!
fruit FOR ID :: Vythiri, Wayanad :: 15 NOV 19 : 10 posts by 6 authors. 3 images.
Date: November 15, 2019 … Altitude: about 700 m (2,300 ft) asl
which fruit ?
This is a planted shrub (or small tree). I hope this fruit can be recognized. Please help ID.
I think Ficus pumila
Yes. I agree with … id of Ficus pumila.
All i have ever seen of Ficus pumila is the vine that creeps up and has small clinging to the wall//flat on the wall leaves.
so searched if it has a life history of developing fruits and it was easy:
MoBotG has a short sweet description, and is very apt.
i am copy pasting it here with its URL, so that we will have it for our website.
quote from MoBotG:
Ficus pumila, commonly called creeping fig, is a vigorous, fast-growing, evergreen, climbing vine that from a distance simply does not look much like a fig. Where it may be grown outdoors, it will climb and cover walls, posts, trellises and other structures by adhesive aerial rootlets. Outdoor plants can grow to 15’ or more. On climbing stems, juvenile foliage consists of ovate, heart-shaped leaves to 1” long. On fruit-bearing stems, mature foliage is oblong to elliptic, thicker, shinier and larger (to 4” long). Hairy pear-shaped fruits (to 2.5” long) may appear on outdoor plants throughout the year. Fruits emerge green ripening to purple. Flowers and fruits rarely appear on indoor plants. Stems have a milky sap. Indoors, this plant may be grown on room-dividing trellises or in hanging baskets or sprawling over a shelf. Varieties available in commerce include ones with variegated foliage and with oak-like lobed leaves. Synonymous with F. repens.” end quote
thanks … for showing this fruit
Thank you very much … for this ID. The plant is so common, and the fig so elusive … certainly a prize for me !!
The fig was no less large than a normal pear found in markets – about 3 – 4 inch long !!! And the plant was trained to grow in erect fashion with help of support. The leaves otherwise small, here were quite large.
Thanks … for getting the description. It supports what is observed.
yes, you found a beauty and thought provoking specimen. that’s why life history of a plant from seedling to older mature stages are so very important to observe, often they surprise you. like this one.
May be the point of difference was that it was trained to stand upright. may be that changes the gene expression: ie enlarges the leaves, and produces fruits ie it got different use of its energy.
may be when its only allowed to grow on a wall, it perhaps ends up using its energy in producing the little clinging roots and the leaves also “stick” to the walls and has no energy left to form fruits.
may be plants have epigenetics phenomenon, just like human epigenetics. and it may not be as rare as i think.
for .. to recognize it right away, it must be obviously present in nature often enough.
Yes, correct ID.
Impressive plant is this Ficus pumila.
I adore it for its ability to scale walls !!! And ride trees too !!!
For a small leaf plant, fig (hypanthodium) is pretty big in this species …bigger than F. glomerata or F. cairica.
Thanks … Indeed an intriguing plant!
Names of Plants in India :: Ficus pumila L. : 1 post by 1 author. 1 image.
MS,July,2021/07 Ficus sp. for id.: 1 image.
Location : Aizawl
Date : 22-06-2015
Habit : Creeping shrub
Habitat : Cultivated ?
Ficus pumila L.
Yes. There are 4 varieties in this species. Post the fruit (fig) picture