Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch., Nomencl. Bot (ed. 3) 280, 290 280 1797. (Syn: Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. ex Willd.; Flacourtia hilsenbergii C. Presl; Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Steud.; Rumea jangomas (Lour.) Spreng.; Stigmarota jangomas Lour.; Xylosma borneense Ridl.);
India: Frequently semi wild in Brahmaputra Valley and adjoining areas in the North-east (probably originally from Bangladesh-Assam-Upper Myanmar), elsewhere cultivated. Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Orissa and Andhra Pradesh; Widely cultivated in S.E. Asia and E. Africa as per BSI Flora of India (1993);
coffee plum, paniala, puneala, Chinese plum, Indian plum, kerkup besar, paneala, jaggam, prunier malgache, rukam, babydruif, babykers;

Keys as per efloras of China:
F.indica: Pistillate flowers: ovary globose, placentas 5 or 6; styles 5 or 6, united only at base, radiating, 1-2 mm, slender. Fruit dull to blackish red, globose, 8-10 mm in diam
F.jangomas : Pistillate flowers: ovary bottle-shaped to globose, 2-3 mm; styles 4-6, united into a distinct column ca. 1 mm, not or slightly free at their apices; … Fruit brownish red or purple,….1.5-2.5 cm in diam.

From Cooke’s flora. the size of flower is a good additional differentiating character.
Drupe size of a cherry; scarlet when ripe ………… F. montana
Drupe size of a plum; purple when ripe ……….. F. cataphracta (Synonym of Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. as per GRIN)
Drupe size of a pea;
Stigmas 5-11…………… F. ramontchii (syn. of Flacourtia indica as per GRIN)
Stigmas 3-4 ………….. F. latifolia

Fruit & Vegetable Week- Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb.:
This is the fruit of Flacourtia cataphracta Roxb. (Flacourtiaceae). The stem is covered with sharp thorns in this plant. Ripe fruit is sweet in taste.

Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. from Assam : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (7).
Attached images are Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
Date :04.06.2014
Location: Assam
Family : Salicaceae [earlier in Flacourtiaceae]
Genus & species : Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch.
Habitat: Grows in the garden
Habit :Tree, trunk bear thorn 

Flacourtia indica/Flacourtia jangamos : 6 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (7)

Location Rajnagar Kumarghat Unakoti district Tripura
Please confirm

Pl. also check with keys & details at Flacourtia 

I feel close to images of Flacourtia jangomas

To me it seems to be Flacourtia jangomas.

Fwd: FLACOURTIA JANGOMAS : 1 post by 1 author. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Flacourtia jangomas (PUNEALA PLUM/ PANIAL).


FLACOURTIA JANGOMAS: This is the time for PUNEALA PLUM ( Flacourtia jangomas ) fruits. This was a common tree in Assam and Northern part of Bengal. It is known as Paniala in Assamese and Bangla. You can get these fruits in the local market. Fruits are used for marmalades and jams. Attaching an image of the fruits on a branch of the tree.


Attaching 59th image of the series. In this a female of a Koel is feeding on the fruits of Puneala Plum (Flacourtia jangomas).



Attaching an image on symbiosis, in which a Bluethroated Barbet is relishing fruits of Flacourtia jangomas (PUNEALA PLUM). Known as Paniala in Assam and Bengal. This tree used to be very common in Northern part of West Bengal (Jalpaiguri, Cooch Behar etc) and Assam. Now it is rare atleast at Cooch Behar. I have recorded 8 differnt birds having feast on Paniala. Score of Bluethroated Barbet is 62 fruits.

SYMBIOSIS : 1412 : 3 posts by 3 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Blue Throated Barbet feeding on fruits of Flacourtia jangomas (PANIAL).

SYMBIOSIS : 1432 : 2 posts by 2 authors. Attachments (1)
Attaching a collage of Koel (male) feeding on Flacourtia jangomas

Tree identification : 6 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (2)- 2 mb each.
This tree was found in the mid-hills of central Nepal. The photo was taken in November 2012.
Could you please help to determine it ?

Check with Salacia oblonga or other sp.

Does not look like Salacia oblonga !

Looks like Flacourtia to me.

Thanks, …, for the id.
To me also appears close to Flacourtia jangomas (Lour.) Raeusch. as per comparative images and details at Flacourtia

Thank you for your thoughts and help. Yes, Its Flacourtia jangomans.


Unknown member for identification-14: 3 very high res. images.

Help me identify this Unknown member,
Photographed in a homegarden, near Behali Reserve Forest, Assam on 22 ‎April ‎2019.

Flacourtia sp. [Salicaceae].

Yes it is Flacourtia jangomas.

As I had never seen it’s flowers before. Hence got confused.



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