Taxonomic revision of the genus Flemingia (Leguminosae: Papilionoideae) in India (pdf)- Sandip Kisan GavadeLaurentius Josephus Gerardus van der MaesenNovember 2020 Webbia 75(2):141-218. (Abstract: Indian Flemingia species are grouped under five subgenera, namely Chalaria, Flemingiastrum, Lepidocoma, Ostryodium and Rhynchosioides. Here, we revise the taxonomy of the genus (excluding subg. Rhynchosioides) based on the study of live material and preserved specimens. We report 21 species and one variety (22 taxa) in India, of which one variety is endemic, i.e. F. praecox var. robusta. All the taxa have been described, illustrated and their ecology discussed. In the process, twelve binomials (F. angustifolia, F. blancoana, F. chappar, F. congesta, F. grahamiana, F. latifolia, F. macrophylla, F. nudiflora, F. paniculata, F. stricta, F. wallichii and F. wightiana) and one trinomial (F. praecox var. robusta) are lectotypified. F. sericans and F. stricta subsp. pteropus are proposed as new synonyms for F. macrophylla and F. stricta, respectively. F. parviflora, an Australian species, is recorded for India. F. strobilifera var. nudiflora is raised to the species level and a new combination proposed, i.e. F. nudiflora. F. tiliacea is relegated to the synonymy of F. nudiflora. A taxonomic key for the subgenera and species therein is provided for easy identification. Additionally, distributional maps for the genus and species are given.)
Key to the species of subg. Flemingiastrum (Distribution):
Flemingia fruticulosa Wall. ex Benth. (Indian Subcontinent to China (Yunnan): Assam, China South-Central, India, Nepal, Pakistan, West Himalaya as per POWO) (As per efi thread: Flemingia fruticulosa is allied to Flemingia strobilifera but differs from it by its trailing habit, short petiole, ovate-elliptic leaflets and persistent stipules. In this name specific epithet “fruticulosa” refers to trailing shrubby habit of this species)
Flemingia lineata (L.) Aiton
Flemingia prostrata Roxb. (Indian Subcontinent to S. China and Indo-China, Nansei-shoto to Hainan and Philippines: Assam, Bangladesh, China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, India, Myanmar, Nansei-shoto, Philippines, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya as per POWO)
Flemingia semialata Roxb. – (Keys as per book in Flora of peninsular India: F. semialata calyx is eglandular and in F. macrophylla, it is glandular.)
Keys in Flora of Bhutan:
1. Leaves simple …… ..2
+ Leaves 3-foliate ……. ..3
2. Bracts ovate, deciduous, ﬂowers visible ….3. F. paniculata
+ Bracts suborbicular, persistent, enfolding and obscuring ﬂowers ……. Species 1 (F. strobilifera (L.) Aiton) & 2 (F. fruticulosa Bentham)
3. Flowers in rounded heads surrounded by brown persistent bracts …… 4. F. involucrata
+ Flowers in short or long racemes or panicles, bracts deciduous ………… 4
4. Shrub almost leaﬂess at ﬂowering time; petals yellow …….. 7. F. bhutanica
+ Shrubs, leafy at ﬂowering time; petals pink or blue-purple ….. Species 5 (F. macrophylla (Willdenow) Merrill) & 6 (F. stricta Roxb.)
Sanjappa (1992) in his document Legumes of India (published by BSMP, Dehradun) have mention following species of Flemingia in India-
9-F.praecox (var. robusta, var. praecox),
Flemingia gracilis (Mukerjee) Ali is mentioned as “Rare” in Red Data Book of Indian Plants Vol-3 (page 137-138, line diagram provided) by Nayar and Sastry (1990).
Species with description & pictures in Flowers of India as on 11.2.14:
Species with description & keys in Flora of Pakistan :
Flemingia bracteata (Roxb.) Wight = Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.
Flemingia congesta Roxb. ex Aiton = Flemingia macrophylla (Willd.) Merr.
Flemingia fruticulosa Wall. ex Benth. = Flemingia strobilifera (L.) W. T. Aiton
Flemingia semialata Roxb. ex Aiton
Flemingia strobilifera (Linn.) R.Br.
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Brief details with Keys– p.206-
Flora of Davanagere District, Karnataka, India By B. K. Manjunatha, V. Krishna, T. Pullaiah (2004)- Details with keys–
Flemingia : 3 posts by 2 authors.
I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Flemingia
Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.
Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.
If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.
Any comments/ corrections are welcome
I have added list of known species of Flemingia in India.
Flemingia page with images of species in efloraofindia : 1 post by 1 author.
Pl. go through Flemingia page with images of species (done by …) in efloraofindia.
If you find any mis-identification, pl. let us know.
If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, it will be really nice. Also, if anybody is interested to take up the activity of inserting images on efloraofindia pages from efloraofindia posts, pl. let me know.
If you find any incorrect identification, pl. let us know. If anybody can send images of other species of this genera (for incorporation in the website), if any, or can identify unidentified images, it will be really nice.