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Binomial Habit Notes References Distribution Common name






























Gmelina
arborea
Roxb.
Tree Western Ghats
& Eastern Ghats, Dry Deciduous Forests, also Cultivated 
Flora of Tamil
Nadu, VOL. II, 1987; Matthew 1983
Coimbatore,
Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Kancheepuram, Madurai, Namakkal,  Nilgiri, Salem, Tirunelveli,
Tiruchchirappalli, Tiruvannamalai, Virudhunagar
Kumalaa-maram,
Kumizha maram
Gmelina asiatica L. Stragg-ling
Shrub
Plains,
Dry Evergreen to Dry Deciduous Forests
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
All
districts
Nilakkumizh,
Mulkumizh
Gmelina philippensis Cham. Shrub Western
Ghats , Cultivated, Native of  Indo –
Malaysian Region
Flora
of Tamil Nadu, VOL. II, 1987
Nilgiri  


 

Botanical name Synonyms Family Common name
Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae Gamhar
Gmelina asiatica Gmelina parvifolia Verbenaceae Asian Bushbeech
Gmelina philippensis Gmelina hystrix Verbenaceae Parrot’s Beak

Gmelina arborea Roxb. (S.E. Asia, India, Nepal, Bangla Desh, Srilanka, Pakistan and trop. Africa)
Gmelina philippensis Cham. (A native of Philippine islands, introduced and naturalized in India and S.E. Asia)



Gmelina arborea Roxb. (Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, Ceylon, Philippines)


Gmelina arborea Roxburgh [Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam]
Gmelina asiatica Linnaeus [Bangla-desh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam]


Floriculture in India By Gurcharan Singh Randhawa, Amitabha Mukhopadhyay (1986)- Details-
Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz is a synonym of Gmelina philippensis


Agroforestry Systems in India: Livelihood Security & Ecosystem Services By Jagdish Chander Dagar, Anil Kumar Singh, Ayyanadar Arunachalam  (2013)- Details-

Biodiversity in India, Volume 4 edited by T. Pullaiah (2006)- Details-
Gardening in India By George Marshall Woodrow, G Marshall (1999)- Details-
Gmelina hystrix Schult. ex Kurz is a synonym of Gmelina philippensis


Flora of Guntur District, Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah (2000)- Details with keys
Forest Plants of Eastern India By Amal Bhusan Chaudhuri (1993)- Details-

Flora of Ranga Reddi District Andhra Pradesh, India By T. Pullaiah, M. Silar Mohammed (2000)- Details-

Gmelina (‎Lamiaceae) : 1 post by 1 author.

I have updated eFI (efloraofindia) page on Gmelina (Pl. click).

Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. It’s quite possible that there may be some discrepancy in the accepted names & synonyms taken from other links.

Species discussed so far in efloraofindia are given at the bottom of the page in the form of links against Subpages. On clicking them one can see all the details.

If someone can provide complete list of Indian species with source references it will be wonderful.

Any comments/ corrections are welcome.





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