Gynocardia odorata R.Br., Pl. Coromandel 3: 95 1820. (Syn: Chaulmoogra odorata Roxb.; Chilmoria dodecandra Buch.-Ham.Gynocardia antisyphilitica Pierre ex Tschirch; Gynocardia prainii Desprez; Gynocardia prainii Tschirch; Hydnocarpus odoratus (Roxb.) Peterm. (ambiguous synonym); Hydnocarpus odoratus Lindl. ex Voigt (ambiguous synonym));  
China (?Guangdong, SE-Yunnan), SE-Tibet, Assam, N-Thailand, Myanmar [Burma]
(Sagaing, Shan, Taninthayi, Yangon), India (West Bengal, Darjeeling, Assam,
Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Nagaland), Bhutan, Bangladesh, ?Nepal
as per Catalogue of Life;
Common name: Chhal Mogra, Chaulmogra • Hindi:
छालमोगरा Chhalmogra • Kannada: surantaeil • Assamese: Bonsha, Bandarpele, Chaulmugra • Khasi: Dieng-sohliang, Dieng sohphailing • Mizo: Sai-thei • Sanskrit:
Alasakapaha, Kushthapa, Sagarodbhuta, Tuvaraka • Nepali: गन्दारे Gandare, Koitur   

Near Buri-dihing river, flows in the Jaipur forests, (British name – joypur ) , Naharkatia, ~75 kms from Dibrugarh, Assam
Sub tropical wet evergreen forests.

Date/Time :

18/Jul/2010 10.33AM

Location- Place, altitude and GPS:

Near Buri-dihing river, flows in the joypur (Jaipur) forests, Naharkatia,

75 kms from Dibrugarh, Assam,

Habitat- garden/ urban/wild/type:

Wild, Sub tropical wet evergreen forests.

Plant Habit-tree/shrub/climber/herb:



40 feet approx,


/Green color/Acuminate/Alternate/

Inflorescence type /size:


No flowers

Fruits type-shape/size/seeds:


Hopefully a Moraceae member and Ficus for sure but not sure about the species !!

Could it be a species of Baccaurea

i have a doubt of it being a ficus member, although at first look it gives an appearance of Ficus.

I think … is right!! Baccaurea sapida fruits are edible and commonly available throuoght NE.

In Baccaurea sapida the fruits comes out from the trunk and all over the woody parts just like in this plant but are always in a bunch but in this plant the fruits are solitarily attached to the stem. Hence not quite sure regarding this plant being Baccaurea sapida.

But Baccaurea fruits are very small. In the photos the fruits look very big

Oh I dint mean to say that the plant is B. sapida.
Hope our Moraceae expert … is reading this thread.

Any chance of Flacourtia sps.? Not sure!

Just a wild guess,

Not Ficus for sure but may be some Sapotaceae.

Gynocordia odorataFlacourtiaceae

this is Ficus hispida. I have quite a few of them.

I have seen this fruit in our market for sale (Dombivli) and seen the tree with fruits during a trek near Mahuli (Shahapur). Do not know the english name. Appearance is like Chikoo. 

… the leaves do not seem to agree with Ficus hispida, normally oppositely arranged, else subopposite … the shape and texture too looks different.
More comment(s) required.

I agree with … The plant in picture is not Ficus hispida for sure. The leaves are completely different from those of F. hispida and the fruits of F.hispida are green when unripe and turns black when ripe unlike fruits of the plant in picture.

Gynocordia odorataFlacourtiaceae

As suggested by  …, I find this fruiting tree closer to the ID “*Gynocordia odorata* – Flacourtiaceae“.
Reference: Google books :The Trees of the Sikkim Himalaya
By Topdhan Rai, Lalitkumar Rai
Species Page -65
Many of the tree features do agree…
Tree -height 30 meters
Bark – Smooth and grey
Habitat – Lower Hill Forest,
Altitude -4000feet agree
Round fruits arising straight from stem 
Leaves are smooth allover, oblong to oblong-lanceolate, Reference:
Poisonous, (Our forest guide at joypur said the same – Not suitable for food)
Attached cropped and closeup images of the same tree for slightly better visibility and help


MS May, 2018/11 Gynocardia sp. ? for ID : 14 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6)
Location : Tamdil, Mizoram

Date : 15-05-2018
Habit : Small to medium-sized evergreen tree.
Habitat : Wild

Pl. check 

I think only one species og Gynocardia us found in Asia-Gynocardia odorata R. Br.! 

Flower of Gynocardia odorata

Attachments (1) – 6 MB.

I have not seen the flowers, but the leaves do look like Gynocardia

Any idea about the likely family as no success so far for id?

It looks like Gynocardia odorata of Achariaceae of Malpighiales

I go with … ID. The ID is correct
Secondly, my appreciation to … for the upload of beautiful photographs showing the details

Plant ID: Gynocardia odorata R.Br. (Saithei – Lushai)




Re: Another couliflorus fruit : 5 posts by 4 authors. 6 images.

Pecharthal North Tripura
Kindly identify

Stelechocarpus sp. ??