Habenariafoliosa A.Rich., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. II, 15: 71 1841. (Syn: Habenariadigitata var. gibsonii (Hook.f.) C.E.C.Fisch.; Habenariafoliosa var. foetida (Blatt. & McCann) Bennet; ...);
hab-en-AR-ee-uh — from the Latin habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid’s spur … Dave’s Botanary
fo-lee-OH-suh — leafy … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: leafy habenaria • Marathi: उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri
Endemic to: Western Ghats (of India)


Names of Plants in India :: Habenaria foliosa: Habenaria foliosa A. Rich.
[image: Habenaria foliosa A.Rich.] <http://www.flickr.com/photos/dinesh_valke/060376/>

[image: Discussions at efloraofindia] <https://groups.google.com/indiantreepix/Habe…>
[image: more views in flickr] <http://www.flickr.Habenariafoliosa&m=tags&z=m>
[image: more views on Google Earth]<http://api.flickr.com/india/&tags=Habenariafoliosa…>
hab-en-AR-ee-uh — from the Latin habena, meaning rein or strap, referring to shape of orchid’s spur
fo-lee-OH-suh — leafy
commonly known as: leafy habenaria <https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/via-names/english/l…>
• Marathi: उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri <https://sites.google.com/site/indiannamesofplants/via-names/marathi/u…>
botanical names: Habenaria foliosa A.Rich. … synonyms: no synonyms  – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –
Photographed at Lohagad on 07 AUG 11 … more at
ID by … at my flickr photostream.
Would like to know the endemic range of this terrestrial orchid.

there are also var. in species H. foliosa, pls also try to focus on leaves.. very common in moist deciduous forest in Maharashtra..

hab-en-AR-ee-uh — Latin: habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid’s spur … Dave’s Botanary
fo-lee-OH-suh — leafy … Dave’s Botanary

commonly known as: leafy habenaria • Marathi: उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri

botanical namesHabenaria foliosa A.Rich. … synonyms: none … POWO

Bibliography / etymology

~~~~~ ENGLISH ~~~~~
leafy habenaria
  • name coined, for want of name; derived from the descriptive epithet – foliosa = leafy
~~~~~ KANNADA ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MALAYALAM ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ MARATHI ~~~~~
उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri
  • name coined, for want of name, by Shrikant Ingalhalikar, author of Flowers of Sahyadri, the first among three field guides to identify plants of northern Western Ghats of India, based on flowers … उग्र ugra = foetid, flowers smelling unpleasant ; हबेअमरी habe-amri – the genus name Habenaria, Marathicised
~~~~~ TAMIL ~~~~~
no given name / no name found
~~~~~ x ~~~~~
Names compiled / updated at

Yes, …, I am tackling all the old posts which contain the name compilation.

Earlier they were made in Google Sites – which Google wanted that they be converted to “new” sites. The “Classic” sites which do not get converted to “New” are going to disappear soon.


ORCHIDACEAE: Habenaria foliosa A.Rich. ! by Sachin Dangat 002 – 31.08.2010:
This should be Habenaria foliosa and many people think that Habenaria gibsoni and Habenaria foliosa are same!!

This is a set of three different orchids put together in one mail. I just separated them for convenience of our website..


Habenaria foliosa foiliosa: Attachments (1). 1 post by 1 author.

July 13


Orchidaceac Fortnight: Habenaria foliosa : AVD06 :  Attachments (2). 2 posts by 2 authors.
I hope you remember I had posted this 4 years ago and we were unable to conclude on the species id.
I am yet to collect the specimen. For time being, I have kept these under H.foliosa which is very common in the area and feel the id is correct.

Yes sir, this is Habenaria foliosa.

Habenaria foliosa A.Rich.
hab-en-AR-ee-uh — from the Latin habena (rein or strap), referring to shape of orchid’s spur … Dave’s Botanary
fo-lee-OH-suh — leafy … Dave’s Botanary
commonly known as: leafy habenaria • Marathi: उग्र हबेअमरी ugra habe-amri
Endemic to: Western Ghats (of India) 
ReferencesFlowers of India • Flowers of Sahyadri by Shrikant Ingalhalikar
at base of Lohagad on 07 AUG 11

Yes this one too is Habenaria foliosa


Habenaria foliosa
Photographed near Kamshet.

Yessssss this is Habenaria foliosa and not Habenaria gibsonii, I have been telling people since long time…
Thanks for sharing beautiful pics.

Very good pictures. This one is also in my wish list. Occurrence is in early monsoon, am I right?


Orchidaceae Fortnight:: Habenaria foliosa | Matheran : Attachments (1). 2 posts by 2 authors.

Matheran, Maharashtra
July, 2013

Yes this is the true Habenaria foliosa.

Orchid sp for ID? – Visapur-Lonavala- 2August2014-PKA1 :  4 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (6).
Seen this 15 to 20cm tall herb en-route Visapur Fort, Lonavala Region, Maharashtra.
Kindly help me with the ID..

The flowers seems to be Chimaria buchhandels a wild orchid of Western Ghats

Habenaria foliosa to me

This seems to be H. foliosa



Habenaria gibsonii?? en-route Matheran- PKA-Aug05 : 8 posts by 4 authors. Attachments (8)
Seen this Habenaria sp. en-route Matheran.
Could this be Habenaria gibsonii??

Habenaria gibsonii………………….

I place this under Habenaria foliosa… We should wait for others comments/opinions.

Did you smell the flower?

Anyways, I prefer to call this Habenaria foliosa. …, I consider Habenaria foliosa and Habenaria gibsonii as two different species. I am pretty sure about it. Please check if you can find both and write some article on it with …

Yes, i did smell the flower and let was not bad….

Should be foliosa.

Habenaria foliosa

Are those Geodorums next to Habenaria in the first pic?


Habenaria foliosa—for sharing : 3 posts by 3 authors. 1 image.
pics taken at Aambyvalley Rd.,Off  Lonavala,Pune in August 15.


Commelinaceae sp for ID- 100810-PKA1 : Attachments (4). 7 posts by 5 authors.
Came across this herb (Commelinaceae sp.). at Matheran hills. I could spot only the flower buds..
Date/Time: 17-07-2010/ 12:10PM
Location: Matheran

Habitat: Wild
Plant Habit: Herb (15 to 20cm)

Flower buds: White coloured

Sounds interesting to me, but, why you said this is Commelinaceae…… why not Orchidaceae?
This could be Habenaria foliosa or gibsoni or panigrahianaHabenaria digitata has green flowers but belongs to the same group.
Let the flower open then click some more pics and dont forget to smell the flower….!! and let us know whether you liked it or not :)).

Some Habenaria from Orchidaceae. Might be Habenaria digitata

Habenaria digitata has green flowers!!

I would agree this is not orchid

Surprising, why you do not agree …?
I feel it is Orchid. 10 years past, the best thing we can do is (hope … will be okay with it) visit the place again and see it in blooming!

OK I agree to …, this should be Pecteilis gigantea.

Ok sorry, I reused my brain a bit. I think this is Habenaria foliosa.
Sorry for all confusion!!



ID confirmation :  Attachments (1 + 2).  11 posts by 5 authors.
Is this Habenaria panchaganensis

Looks like it is Habenaria gibsoni.
Could be var. gibsoni or var. foetida depending on scent.
I have another photograph that was clicked at Lohagad. This was in an undergrowth.

This is further to my below email. I would like to correct it.
I re-checked the Habenaria key but unfortunately after sending the email.
It is not Habenaria gibsoni that I had guessed.
It is some other Habenaria that I couldnt arrive at.
But it is certainly neither H.panchganensis.
Am equally eager to know what it is.
Probably … is the best person to comment on what it is.
apologies for incorrect posting.

I have seen this plant and today i spent whole of my second half of the day in vain identifying the plant.
This is not….
gibsoni var. gibsoni (=foliosa)
gibsoni var. foetida
 var. panigrahiana
panigrahiana var. parviloba

….. which place has this been collected from.
I have a slight doubt on the other pic provided by … too, they dont look very similar. The lobes of labellum in … plant are parallel where as it is divergent in the original. But the plant is interesting to me so I will try again with other references.

I photographed it at Matheran, near Mumbai.

I had located the specimen at Lohagad – near Lonavala.

I think this is one of the three varieties of Habenaria foliosa, but I may be wrong

I have never heard of any varieties of foliosa by the way!! Can you please enlighten me more on this.

Beautiful, Habenaria foliosa.