Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) Lindl., Gen. Sp. Orchid. Pl. 319 1835. (Syn: Coeloglossum luteum Dalzell; Habenaria chlorantha Turcz.; Habenaria graminea A.Rich.; Habenaria tenuis Griff.; Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) R. Br.; Orchis viridiflora Rottler ex Sw.);
Terrestrial, leafy herbs, stem short, tubers ovoid or oblong tubers 2-2.5 cm long, with fleshy root-fibres. Leaves radical, about 5 x 0.9 cm, lanceolate, acute, coriaceous, veins obscure but the midrib prominent on the under surfaces, bases sheathing the stem. Flowers 5 mm across, yellowish-green, spreading in many-flowered racemes; peduncle 9.5-11 cm long with 3 or 4 minute, lanceolate, sterile bracts, the lower ones larger; floral bracts 4.1-4.4 x 2-2.2 mm, ovate, finely acuminate-acute, 1-veined. Dorsal sepals 2.2 mm long and as broad, orbicular-ovate, truncate, 3-veined; lateral sepals 3 x 2 mm, obliquely ovate, obtuse, 3-veined, the outer edge folding over or reflexed forming a flap. Petals 2.4 x 1.4 mm, obliquely triangular-obovate, truncate which one main vein giving off two lateral branches; petals along with the dorsal sepals forming a hood over the column. Lip 3-lobed, the trunk quadrate, 5-veined; lateral lobes subulate, recurved, 4.8 mm long, 2-veined; midlobe shorter and straight, 1-veined with two branches from the adjoining veins; spur 1.3 cm long, longer than the ovary and parallel to it, slightly broader at the end; column minute; stigmatic processes long and clavate, projecting beyond the mouth of the spur. Anther lateral, 2-loculed, tubes short, upcurved; pollinia 2, pyriform, 0.8 x 0.6 mm; caudicles short and glands small. Ovary with pedicels 1.1 cm long. Fruit an erect, fusiform ribbed capsule.
Flowering and fruiting: September-October
Among sedges and grasses in laterite hillocks in the plains
India, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Indo-China
Habenaria viridiflora (Rottl. Ex Sw.) R. Br. [Orchidaceae] : Attachments (8). 8 posts by 3 authors.
with the interest growing with the posts of numerous beautiful Orchids; am sending a set of pictures of Habenaria sp.
Name: Habenaria viridiflora (Rottl. Ex Sw.) R. Br.
Location: Nanmangalam RF (within Chennai peri-urban); a scrub forest
Altitude: 10 -15 msl
Date: 02 Jan 2009
Source for confirmation: Flora of Presidency of Madras by J S Gamble
Thanks a lot for sharing the plant. Frankly, I have never heard of this plant before. Is it very common there? If it is common then you may send me a harbarum specimen if possible.
Very common and localized sir, indeed I made a best herbarium specimen of this during my Master’s.
if possible 4-5 flowers in vile in 70% alcohol. Is it still flowering these days?
I haven’t been to this field recently and might visit after a week sir.
Now the plant H.vridifolia is in fruiting stage. I got a chance to see this species and try to plant that in my garden. Unfortunately it not survive. September I saw this plant in full bloom.
Dont worry, it may be having its perrenating tuberoids underground.
Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) R.Br. ex Spreng. submission AS17 December21:
Here i am sharing some images of beautiful and not so common Habenaria species.
Habenaria viridiflora (Rottler ex Sw.) R.Br. ex Spreng.
Green Flowered Habenaria
Family – Orchidaceae
Habitat – Marshy paddy field edges growing with Eriocaulon sp., Drosera burmannii and Utricularia spp.
Photographed near Jarakabande Kaval, Bengaluru Outskirts, Karnataka
In December 2021
The Plant List India Biodiversity Portal Biodiversity in India, Volume 2 edited by T. Pullaiah (Description)